Shipboard acoustic observations of flow rate from a seafloor-sourced oil spill
MetadataShow full item record
In 2004 a debris flow generated by Hurricane Ivan toppled an oil production platform in Mississippi Canyon lease block 20 (MC20). Between 2004 and the installation of a containment system in 2019 MC20 became an in situ laboratory for a wide range of hydrocarbon in the sea‐related research, including different methods of assessing the volumetric flow rate of hydrocarbons spanning different temporal scales. In 2017 a shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and high‐frequency (90 to 154 kHz) broadband echosounder were deployed to assess the flow rate of liquid and gas phase hydrocarbons. Measurements of horizontal currents were combined with acoustic mapping to determine the rise velocity of the seep as it moved downstream. Models of the rise velocity for fluid particles were used to predict the size of oil droplets and gas bubbles in the seep. The amplitude and shape of the broadband acoustic backscatter were then used to differentiate between, and determine the flow rate of, hydrocarbons. Oil flow rate in the seep was estimated to be 56 to 86 barrels/day (mean urn:x-wiley:jgrc:media:jgrc24228:jgrc24228-math-0001 barrels/day) while the flow rate of gaseous hydrocarbons was estimated to be 98 to 359 m3/day (mean urn:x-wiley:jgrc:media:jgrc24228:jgrc24228-math-0002 m3/day).
© The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Loranger, S., & Weber, T. C. . Shipboard acoustic observations of flow rate from a seafloor-sourced oil spill. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(10), (2020): e2020JC016274, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JC016274.
Suggested CitationLoranger, S., & Weber, T. C. (2020). Shipboard acoustic observations of flow rate from a seafloor-sourced oil spill. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(10), e2020JC016274.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Foote, Kenneth G.; Hastings, Mardi C.; Ketten, Darlene R.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Reidenberg, Joy S.; Rye, Kent (Acoustical Society of America, 2012-02)Potential physical effects of sonar transmissions on marine mammals were investigated by measuring pressure fields induced in a 119-kg, 211-cm-long, young adult male common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) cadaver. The specimen ...
Stephen, Ralph A.; Bolmer, S. Thompson; Udovydchenkov, Ilya A.; Worcester, Peter F.; Dzieciuch, Matthew A.; Andrew, Rex K.; Mercer, James A.; Colosi, John A.; Howe, Bruce M. (Acoustical Society of America, 2013-10)Ocean bottom seismometer observations at 5000 m depth during the long-range ocean acoustic propagation experiment in the North Pacific in 2004 show robust, coherent, late arrivals that are not readily explained by ocean ...