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dc.contributor.authorStaten, Paul W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGrise, Kevin M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Sean M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKarnauskas, Kristopher B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWaugh, Darryn W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMaycock, Amanda C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFu, Qiang  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCook, Kerry  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAdam, Ori  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Isla R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Robert J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRosenlof, Karen H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChen, Gang  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorUmmenhofer, Caroline C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorQuan, Xiao-Wei  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKossin, James P.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Nicholas A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSon, Seok-Woo  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-19T21:46:05Z
dc.date.available2021-02-19T21:46:05Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-01
dc.identifier.citationStaten, P. W., Grise, K. M., Davis, S. M., Karnauskas, K. B., Waugh, D. W., Maycock, A. C., Fu, Q., Cook, K., Adam, O., Simpson, I. R., Allen, R. J., Rosenlof, K., Chen, G., Ummenhofer, C. C., Quan, X., Kossin, J. P., Davis, N. A., & Son, S. (2020). Tropical widening from global variations to regional impacts. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(6), E897-E904.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26725
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Meteorological Society, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of American Meteorological Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101(6), (2020): E897-E904, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0047.1.en_US
dc.description.abstractOver the past 15 years, numerous studies have suggested that the sinking branches of Earth’s Hadley circulation and the associated subtropical dry zones have shifted poleward over the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century. Early estimates of this tropical widening from satellite observations and reanalyses varied from 0.25° to 3° latitude per decade, while estimates from global climate models show widening at the lower end of the observed range. In 2016, two working groups, the U.S. Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) working group on the Changing Width of the Tropical Belt and the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) Tropical Width Diagnostics Intercomparison Project, were formed to synthesize current understanding of the magnitude, causes, and impacts of the recent tropical widening evident in observations. These working groups concluded that the large rates of observed tropical widening noted by earlier studies resulted from their use of metrics that poorly capture changes in the Hadley circulation, or from the use of reanalyses that contained spurious trends. Accounting for these issues reduces the range of observed expansion rates to 0.25°–0.5° latitude decade‒1—within the range from model simulations. Models indicate that most of the recent Northern Hemisphere tropical widening is consistent with natural variability, whereas increasing greenhouse gases and decreasing stratospheric ozone likely played an important role in Southern Hemisphere widening. Whatever the cause or rate of expansion, understanding the regional impacts of tropical widening requires additional work, as different forcings can produce different regional patterns of widening.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank U.S. CLIVAR and ISSI for funding the two working groups. We thank all members of the working groups for helpful discussions, and the U.S. CLIVAR and ISSI offices and their sponsoring agencies (NASA, NOAA, NSF, DOE, ESA, Swiss Confederation, Swiss Academy of Sciences, and University of Bern) for supporting these groups and activities.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Societyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0047.1
dc.titleTropical widening from global variations to regional impactsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0047.1


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