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dc.contributor.authorSilva, Tammy L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWiley, David N.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Michael A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHong, Peter  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKaufman, Les  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSuca, Justin J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLlopiz, Joel K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBaumann, Hannes  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFay, Gavin  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-19T21:09:29Z
dc.date.available2021-02-19T21:09:29Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-06
dc.identifier.citationSilva, T. L., Wiley, D. N., Thompson, M. A., Hong, P., Kaufman, L., Suca, J. A., Llopiz, J. K., Baumann, H., & Fay, G. (2021). High collocation of sand lance and protected top predators: implications for conservation and management. Conservation Science and Practice, 3:e274.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26723
dc.description© The Author(s), 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Silva, T. L., Wiley, D. N., Thompson, M. A., Hong, P., Kaufman, L., Suca, J. A., Llopiz, J. K., Baumann, H., & Fay, G. High collocation of sand lance and protected top predators: implications for conservation and management. Conservation Science and Practice, (2021): 3:e274, doi: 10.1111/csp2.274.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpatial relationships between predators and prey provide critical information for understanding and predicting climate‐induced shifts in ecosystem dynamics and mitigating human impacts. We used Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary as a case study to investigate spatial overlap among sand lance (Ammodytes dubius), a key forage fish species, and two protected predators: humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) and great shearwaters (Ardenna gravis). We conducted 6 years (2013–2018) of standardized surveys and quantified spatial overlap using the global index of collocation. Results showed strong, consistent collocation among species across seasons and years, suggesting that humpback whales and great shearwater distributions are tightly linked to sand lance. We propose that identifying sand lance habitats may indicate areas where humpbacks and shearwaters aggregate and are particularly vulnerable to human activities. Understanding how sand lance influence predator distributions can inform species protection and sanctuary management under present and future scenarios.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management [IA agreement M17PG0019], NOAA Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, U.S. Geological Survey, the Volgenau Foundation, and the Mudge Foundation.en_US
dc.publisherWiley Open Accessen_US
dc.relation.ispartofhttps://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.324
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.274
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectforage fishen_US
dc.subjectgreat shearwatersen_US
dc.subjectGulf of Maineen_US
dc.subjecthumpback whalesen_US
dc.subjectseabirdsen_US
dc.subjectspatial overlapen_US
dc.subjectStellwagen Banken_US
dc.titleHigh collocation of sand lance and protected top predators: implications for conservation and managementen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/csp2.274


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International