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dc.contributor.authorRodysill, Jessica R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDonnelly, Jeffrey P.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Richard M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLane, D. Philip  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorToomey, Michael R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWoodruff, Jonathan D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHawkes, Andrea D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, Dana  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorD'Entremont, Nicole  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMcKeon, Kelly  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWallace, Elizabeth J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorvan Hengstum, Peter J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-28T20:26:03Z
dc.date.available2020-12-28T20:26:03Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-05
dc.identifier.citationRodysill, J. R., Donnelly, J. P., Sullivan, R., Lane, P. D., Toomey, M., Woodruff, J. D., Hawkes, A. D., MacDonald, D., d'Entremont, N., McKeon, K., Wallace, E., & van Hengstum, P. J. (2020). Historically unprecedented Northern Gulf of Mexico hurricane activity from 650 to 1250 CE. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 19092.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26501
dc.description© The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Rodysill, J. R., Donnelly, J. P., Sullivan, R., Lane, P. D., Toomey, M., Woodruff, J. D., Hawkes, A. D., MacDonald, D., d'Entremont, N., McKeon, K., Wallace, E., & van Hengstum, P. J. Historically unprecedented Northern Gulf of Mexico hurricane activity from 650 to 1250 CE. Scientific Reports, 10(1), (2020): 19092. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75874-0.en_US
dc.description.abstractHurricane Michael (2018) was the first Category 5 storm on record to make landfall on the Florida panhandle since at least 1851 CE (Common Era), and it resulted in the loss of 59 lives and $25 billion in damages across the southeastern U.S. This event placed a spotlight on recent intense (exceeding Category 4 or 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) hurricane landfalls, prompting questions about the natural range in variability of hurricane activity that the instrumental record is too short to address. Of particular interest is determining whether the frequency of recent intense hurricane landfalls in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) is within or outside the natural range of intense hurricane activity prior to 1851 CE. In this study, we identify intense hurricane landfalls in northwest Florida during the past 2000 years based on coarse anomaly event detection from two coastal lacustrine sediment archives. We identified a historically unprecedented period of heightened storm activity common to four Florida panhandle localities from 650 to 1250 CE and a shift to a relatively quiescent storm climate in the GOM spanning the past six centuries. Our study provides long-term context for events like Hurricane Michael and suggests that the observational period 1851 CE to present may underrepresent the natural range in landfalling hurricane activity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this project was provided by the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) grant and NSF awards 0903020, 1902463, and 1854980 awarded to Jeffrey Donnelly, and the USGS Land Change Science Program.en_US
dc.publisherNature Researchen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75874-0
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleHistorically unprecedented Northern Gulf of Mexico hurricane activity from 650 to 1250 CEen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-020-75874-0


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International