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dc.contributor.authorZang, Zhengchen  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorXue, Z. George  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorXu, Kehui  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOzdemir, Celalettin E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChen, Qin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBentley, Samuel J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSahin, Cihan  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-20T22:01:50Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-19
dc.identifier.citationZang, Z., Xue, Z. G., Xu, K., Ozdemir, C. E., Chen, Q., Bentley, S. J., & Sahin, C. (2020). A numerical investigation of wave-supported gravity flow during cold fronts over the Atchafalaya Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(9), e2019JC015269.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26397
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 125(9), (2020): e2019JC015269, doi:10.1029/2019JC015269en_US
dc.description.abstractWave‐supported fluid mud (WSFM) plays an important role in sediment downslope transport on the continental shelves. In this study, we incorporated WSFM processes in the wave boundary layer (WBL) into the Community Sediment Transport Modeling System (CSTMS) on the platform of the Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere‐Wave‐and‐Sediment Transport modeling system (COAWST). The WSFM module was introduced between the bottommost water layer and top sediment layer, which accounted for the key sediment exchange processes (e.g., resuspension, vertical settling, diffusion, and horizontal advection) at the water‐WBL and WBL‐sediment bed boundaries. To test its robustness, we adapted the updated model (CSTMS + WBL) to the Atchafalaya shelf in the northern Gulf of Mexico and successfully reproduced the sediment dynamics in March 2008, when active WSFM processes were reported. Compared with original CSTMS results, including WSFM module weakened the overall intensity of sediment resuspension, and the CSTMS + WBL model simulated a lutocline between the WBL and overlying water due to the formation of WSFM. Downslope WSFM transport resulted in offshore deposition (>4 cm), which greatly changed the net erosion/deposition pattern on the inner shelf off the Chenier Plain. WSFM flux was comparable with suspended sediment flux (SSF) off the Atchafalaya Bay, and it peaked along the Chenier Plain coast where wave activities were strong and the bathymetric slope was steep. The influence of fluvial sediment supply on sediment dynamics was limited in the Atchafalaya Bay. Sensitivity tests of free settling, flocculation, and hindered settling effects suggested that sediments were transported further offshore due to reduced settling velocity in the WBL once fluid mud was formed. Although sediment concentration in the WBL was sensitive to surface sediment critical shear stress, cohesive bed behavior was less important in WSFM dynamics when compared with strong hydrodynamic during cold fronts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipResearch support provided through NSF CyberSEES (Award CCF‐1856359), NASA (Award NNH17ZHA002C), Louisiana Board of Regents (award number NASA/LEQSF(2018‐20)‐Phase3‐11), Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (Cooperative Agreement Award M20AC00007), NSF Coastal SEES (Award EAR‐1427389 ), NSF (Award OCE‐20203676), and LSU Foundation Billy and Ann Harrison Endowment for Sedimentary Geology.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015269
dc.titleA numerical investigation of wave-supported gravity flow during cold fronts over the Atchafalaya Shelfen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2021-02-19en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2019JC015269
dc.embargo.liftdate2021-02-19


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