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dc.contributor.authorMarty, Bernard  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAlmayrac, Matthieu  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBarry, Peter H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBekaert, David V.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBroadley, Michael W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorByrne, David J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBallentine, Christopher J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCaracausi, Antonio  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-20T20:29:45Z
dc.date.available2020-11-20T20:29:45Z
dc.date.issued2020-12-01
dc.identifier.citationMarty, B., Almayrac, M., Barry, P. H., Bekaert, D., V., Broadley, M. W., Byrne, D. J., Ballentine, C. J., & Caracausi, A. (2020). An evaluation of the C/N ratio of the mantle from natural CO2-rich gas analysis: Geochemical and cosmochemical implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 551, 116574.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26391
dc.description© The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Marty, B., Almayrac, M., Barry, P. H., Bekaert, D., V., Broadley, M. W., Byrne, D. J., Ballentine, C. J., & Caracausi, A. An evaluation of the C/N ratio of the mantle from natural CO2-rich gas analysis: Geochemical and cosmochemical implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 551, (2020): 116574, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116574.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe terrestrial carbon to nitrogen ratio is a key geochemical parameter that can provide information on the nature of Earth's precursors, accretion/differentiation processes of our planet, as well as on the volatile budget of Earth. In principle, this ratio can be determined from the analysis of volatile elements trapped in mantle-derived rocks like mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB), corrected for fractional degassing during eruption. However, this correction is critical and previous attempts have adopted different approaches which led to contrasting C/N estimates for the bulk silicate Earth (BSE) (Marty and Zimmermann, 1999; Bergin et al., 2015). Here we consider the analysis of CO2-rich gases worldwide for which a mantle origin has been determined using noble gas isotopes in order to evaluate the C/N ratio of the mantle source regions. These gases experienced little fractionation due to degassing, as indicated by radiogenic 4He / 40Ar* values (where 4He and 40Ar* are produced by the decay of U+Th, and 40K isotopes, respectively) close to the mantle production/accumulation values. The C/N and C/3 He ratios of gases investigated here are within the range of values previously observed in oceanic basalts. They point to an elevated mantle C/N ratio (∼350-470, molar) higher than those of potential cosmochemical accretionary endmembers. For example, the BSE C/N and 36 Ar / N ratios (160-220 and 75 x 10-7, respectively) are higher than those of CM-CI chondrites but within the range of CV-CO groups. This similarity suggests that the Earth accreted from evolved planetary precursors depleted in volatile and moderately volatile elements. Hence the high C / N composition of the BSE may be an inherited feature rather than the result of terrestrial differentiation. The C / N and 36 Ar / N ratios of the surface (atmosphere plus crust) and of the mantle cannot be easily linked to any known chondritic composition. However, these compositions are consistent with early sequestration of carbon into the mantle (but not N and noble gases), permitting the establishment of clement temperatures at the surface of our planet.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipM.A, D.V.B, M.W.B, D.J.B and B.M were supported by the European Research Council (PHOTONIS project, grant agreement No. 695618 to B.M.). Samples were collected as part of Study # YELL-08056 - Xenon anomalies in the Yellowstone Hotspot. We would like to thank Annie Carlson and all of the rangers at the Yellowstone National Park for providing invaluable advice and help when collecting the samples. This work was partially supported by a grant (G-2016-7206) from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Deep Carbon Observatory to P.H.B as well as NSF award 2015789 to P.H.B.. Sampling at Mt. Etna and gas analysis was supported by Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Palermo. Fruitful discussions with Marc Hirschmann helped us to shape the ideas presented in this work. We acknowledge detailed and insightful reviews by Sami Mikhail and an anonymous reviewer, and efficient editing by Frederic Moynier. This is CRPG contribution 2741.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116574
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectcarbonen_US
dc.subjectnitrogenen_US
dc.subjectEarthen_US
dc.subjectmantleen_US
dc.subjectgasesen_US
dc.titleAn evaluation of the C/N ratio of the mantle from natural CO2-rich gas analysis: Geochemical and cosmochemical implicationsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116574


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