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dc.contributor.authorZhu, Jian  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCanales, J. Pablo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHan, Shuoshuo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCarbotte, Suzanne M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorArnulf, Adrien F.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNedimovic, Mladen R.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-02T20:05:29Z
dc.date.available2020-11-28T08:28:42Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-28
dc.identifier.citationZhu, J., Canales, J. P., Han, S., Carbotte, S. M., Arnulf, A., & Nedimovic, M. R. (2020). Vp/Vs ratio of incoming sediments off Cascadia subduction zone from analysis of controlled-source multicomponent OBS records. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125(6), e2019JB019239.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/26270
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 125(6), (2020): e2019JB019239, doi:10.1029/2019JB019239.en_US
dc.description.abstractP‐to‐S‐converted waves observed in controlled‐source multicomponent ocean bottom seismometer (OBS) records were used to derive the Vp/Vs structure of Cascadia Basin sediments. We used P‐to‐S waves converted at the basement to derive an empirical function describing the average Vp/Vs of Cascadia sediments as a function of sediment thickness. We derived one‐dimensional interval Vp/Vs functions from semblance velocity analysis of S‐converted intrasediment and basement reflections, which we used to define an empirical Vp/Vs versus burial depth compaction trend. We find that seaward from the Cascadia deformation front, Vp/Vs structure offshore northern Oregon and Washington shows little variability along strike, while the structure of incoming sediments offshore central Oregon is more heterogeneous and includes intermediate‐to‐deep sediment layers of anomalously elevated Vp/Vs. These zones with elevated Vp/Vs are likely due to elevated pore fluid pressures, although layers of high sand content intercalated within a more clayey sedimentary sequence, and/or a higher content of coarser‐grained clay minerals relative to finer‐grained smectite could be contributing factors. We find that the proto‐décollement offshore central Oregon develops within the incoming sediments at a low‐permeability boundary that traps fluids in a stratigraphic level where fluid overpressure exceeds 50% of the differential pressure between the hydrostatic pressure and the lithostatic pressure. Incoming sediments with the highest estimated fluid overpressures occur offshore central Oregon where deformation of the accretionary prism is seaward vergent. Conversely, landward vergence offshore northern Oregon and Washington correlates with more moderate pore pressures and laterally homogeneous Vp/Vs functions of Cascadia Basin sediments.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant OCE‐1657237 to J. P. C, OCE‐1657839 to A. F. A. and S. H., and OCE‐1657737 to S. M. C. Data used in this study were acquired with funding from NSF Grants OCE‐1029305 and OCE‐1249353. Data used in this research were provided by instruments from the Ocean Bottom Seismic Instrument Center (http://obsic.whoi.edu, formerly OBSIP), which is funded by the NSF. OBSIC/OBSIP data are archived at the IRIS Data Management Center (http://www.iris.edu) under network code X6 (https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/X6_2012). Data processing was conducted with Emerson‐Paradigm Software package Echos licensed to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution under Paradigm Academic Software Program and MATLAB package SeismicLab of the University of Alberta, Canada (http://seismic-lab.physics.ualberta.ca), under GNU General Public License (MATLAB® is a registered trademark of MathWorks).en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019JB019239
dc.subjectVp/Vsen_US
dc.subjectsedimentsen_US
dc.subjectocean bottom seismometeren_US
dc.subjectJuan de Fuca plateen_US
dc.subjectCascadiaen_US
dc.titleVp/Vs ratio of incoming sediments off Cascadia subduction zone from analysis of controlled-source multicomponent OBS recordsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2020-11-28en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2019JB019239


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