Enhanced carbon uptake and reduced methane emissions in a newly restored wetland
Perry, Danielle C.
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Keywordblue carbon; restored wetland; sustained‐flux global warming potential (SGWP); greenhouse gas (GHG); carbon sequestration capacity
Wetlands play an important role in reducing global warming potential in response to global climate change. Unfortunately, due to the effects of human disturbance and natural erosion, wetlands are facing global extinction. It is essential to implement engineering measures to restore damaged wetlands. However, the carbon sink capacity of restored wetlands is unclear. We examined the seasonal change of greenhouse gas emissions in both restored wetland and natural wetland and then evaluated the carbon sequestration capacity of the restored wetland. We found that (1) the carbon sink capacity of the restored wetland showed clear daily and seasonal change, which was affected by light intensity, air temperature, and vegetation growth, and (2) the annual daytime (8–18 hr) sustained‐flux global warming potential was −11.23 ± 4.34 kg CO2 m−2 y−1, representing a much larger carbon sink than natural wetland (−5.04 ± 3.73 kg CO2 m−2 y−1) from April to December. In addition, the results showed that appropriate tidal flow management may help to reduce CH4 emission in wetland restoration. Thus, we proposed that the restored coastal wetland, via effective engineering measures, reliably acted as a large net carbon sink and has the potential to help mitigate climate change.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 125(1), (2020): e2019JG005222, doi:10.1029/2019JG005222.
Suggested CitationYang, H., Tang, J., Zhang, C., Dai, Y., Zhou, C., Xu, P., Perry, D. C., & Chen, X. (2020). Enhanced carbon uptake and reduced methane emissions in a newly restored wetland. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 125(1), e2019JG005222.
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