Late-1980s regime shift in the formation of the North Pacific subtropical mode water
Lee, Ho Jin
Kim, Young Ho
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Keywordocean general circulation model; North Pacific subtropical mode water; Kuroshio Extension; volume budget; regime shift; North Pacific Oscillation
The formation mechanism as well as its temporal change of the North Pacific subtropical mode water (NPSTMW) is investigated using a 50‐year (1960–2009) ocean general circulation model hindcast. The volume budget analysis suggests that the formation of the NPSTMW is mainly controlled by the air‐sea interaction and ocean dynamics, but there is a regime shift of the relative importance between the two around late‐1980s. While the local air‐sea interaction process is a main driver of the NPSTMW formation prior to late‐1980s, ocean dynamics including the vertical entrainment become dominant since then. The NPSTMW formation is affected by the North Pacific Oscillation simultaneously in the early period, but with a few years lag in the later period. The interdecadal change of the driving mechanism of the interannual variability of the NPSTMW is probably due to the stronger (weaker) influence of local atmospheric forcing in the western North Pacific and unfavorable (favorable) wind stress curl condition for the remote oceanic forcing from the central North Pacific during the former (later) period. This regime shift may be related to the change of centers of the actions of the wind stress curl since the late‐1980s.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 125(2), (2020): e2019JC015700, doi:10.1029/2019JC015700.
Suggested CitationKim, S., Pak, G., Lee, H. J., Kwon, Y., & Kim, Y. H. (2020). Late-1980s regime shift in the formation of the North Pacific subtropical mode water. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 125(2), e2019JC015700.
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