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dc.contributor.authorAmaral, Jennifer L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMiller, James H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPotty, Gopu R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVigness-Raposa, Kathleen J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFrankel, Adam S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLin, Ying-Tsong  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNewhall, Arthur E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWilkes, Daniel R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGavrilov, Alexander N.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-22T19:27:59Z
dc.date.issued2020-04-17
dc.identifier.citationAcoustical Society of Americaen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/25798
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © Acoustical Society of America, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of Acoustical Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 147(4), (2020): 2323, doi:10.1121/10.0001035.en_US
dc.description.abstractImpact pile driving creates intense, impulsive sound that radiates into the surrounding environment. Piles driven vertically into the seabed generate an azimuthally symmetric underwater sound field whereas piles driven on an angle will generate an azimuthally dependent sound field. Measurements were made during pile driving of raked piles to secure jacket foundation structures to the seabed in waters off the northeastern coast of the U.S. at ranges between 500 m and 15 km. These measurements were analyzed to investigate variations in rise time, decay time, pulse duration, kurtosis, and sound received levels as a function of range and azimuth. Variations in the radiated sound field along opposing azimuths resulted in differences in measured sound exposure levels of up to 10 dB and greater due to the pile rake as the sound propagated in range. The raked pile configuration was modeled using an equivalent axisymmetric FEM model to describe the azimuthally dependent measured sound fields. Comparable sound level differences in the model results confirmed that the azimuthal discrepancy observed in the measured data was due to the inclination of the pile being driven relative to the receiver.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis paper was presented at the fifth International Meeting on The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life held in Den Haag, July 2019. Study concept, oversight, and funding for the experiment were provided by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Environmental Studies Program, Washington, DC, under Contract No. M15PC00002, Task Order M16PD00025. Collaborators in this project include Randy Gallien and Anwar Khan (HDR, Inc.).en_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1121/10.0001035
dc.titleCharacterization of impact pile driving signals during installation of offshore wind turbine foundationsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2020-10-17en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1121/10.0001035
dc.embargo.liftdate2020-10-17


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