Contributions of long-term research and time-series observations to marine ecology and biogeochemistry
Ducklow, Hugh W.
Doney, Scott C.
Steinberg, Deborah K.
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Time-series observations form a critical element of oceanography. New interdisciplinary efforts launched in the past two decades complement the few earlier, longer-running time series in building a better, though still poorly-resolved, picture of lower-frequency ocean variability, the climate processes driving it, and its implications for foodweb dynamics, carbon storage and climate feedbacks. Time-series also enlarge our understanding of ecological processes and are integral for improving models of physical-biogeochemical-ecological ocean dynamics. The major time-series observatories go well beyond simple monitoring of core ocean properties, although that important activity forms the critical center of all time-series efforts. Modern ocean time series have major process and experimental components, entrain ancillary programs and have integrated modeling programs for deriving better understanding of the observations and the changing, three-dimensional ocean in which the observatories are embedded.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2009. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Annual Reviews for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Annual Review of Marine Science 1 (2009): 279-302, doi:10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163801.
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