Age, growth and death of a national icon: the historic Chapman baobab of Botswana
Patrut, Roxana T.
von Reden, Karl F.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordAdansonia digitata L.; tropical trees; age determination; AMS radiocarbon dating; growth rate; multiple stems
The year 2016 witnessed the fall of a symbol of the botanical world: the historic Chapman baobab of Botswana. This article presents the results of our investigation of the standing and fallen tree. The Chapman baobab had an open ring-shaped structure composed of six partially fused stems. Several wood samples collected from the stems prior and after their collapse were analysed by using radiocarbon dating. The radiocarbon date of the oldest sample was 1381 ± 22 BP, which corresponds to a calibrated age of 1345 (+10, −15) calendar years. The dating results show that the six stems of the Chapman baobab belonged to three different generations, which were 1350–1400, 800–1000 and 500–600 years old. The growth rate variation of the largest and oldest stem is presented and correlated with the climate evolution in the area over the past 1000 years. The factors that determined the sudden fall and death of the Chapman baobab are also presented and discussed.
© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Patrut, A., Woodborne, S., Patrut, R. T., Hall, G., Rakosy, L., Winterbach, C., & von Reden, K. F. Age, growth and death of a national icon: the historic Chapman baobab of Botswana. Forests, 10(11), (2019): 983, doi: 10.3390/f10110983.
Suggested CitationPatrut, A., Woodborne, S., Patrut, R. T., Hall, G., Rakosy, L., Winterbach, C., & von Reden, K. F. (2019). Age, growth and death of a national icon: the historic Chapman baobab of Botswana. Forests, 10(11), 983.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Patrut, Adrian; Mayne, Diana H.; von Reden, Karl F.; Lowy, Daniel A.; Venter, Sarah; McNichol, Ann P.; Roberts, Mark L.; Margineanu, Dragos (Dept. of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 2010-08)In 2008, a large African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) from Makulu Makete, South Africa, split vertically into 2 sections, revealing a large enclosed cavity. Several wood samples collected from the cavity were processed ...
African baobabs with false inner cavities : the radiocarbon investigation of the Lebombo Eco Trail Baobab Patrut, Adrian; Woodborne, Stephan; von Reden, Karl F.; Hall, Grant; Hofmeyr, Michele; Lowy, Daniel A.; Patrut, Roxana T. (Public Library of Science, 2015-01-26)The article reports the radiocarbon investigation results of the Lebombo Eco Trail tree, a representative African baobab from Mozambique. Several wood samples collected from the large inner cavity and from the outer part ...
Patrut, Adrian; Patrut, Roxana T.; Rakosy, Laszlo; Ratiu, Ileana; Lowy, Daniel A.; Bodis, Jeno; von Reden, Karl F. (Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, 2018)The article reports the AMS (accelerator mass spectrometry) radiocarbon investigation results of the old common ash of Aiton. Five wood samples were collected from the trunk of the tree. The deepest ends of the samples ...