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dc.contributor.authorMundl-Petermeier, Andrea  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Richard J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Matthew G.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBlichert-Toft, Janne  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKurz, Mark D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHalldórsson, Saemundur  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationMundl-Petermeier, A., Walker, R. J., Jackson, M. G., Blichert-Toft, J., Kurz, M. D., & Halldorsson, S. A. (2019). Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and he-3/He-4 signatures in the Iceland mantle plume. Chemical Geology, 525, 245-259.en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Mundl-Petermeier, A., Walker, R. J., Jackson, M. G., Blichert-Toft, J., Kurz, M. D., & Halldorsson, S. A. Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and he-3/He-4 signatures in the Iceland mantle plume. Chemical Geology, 525, (2019): 245-259. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.07.026.en_US
dc.description.abstractStudies of short-lived radiogenic isotope systems and noble gas isotopic compositions of plume-derived rocks suggest the existence of primordial domains in Earth's present-day mantle. Tungsten-182 anomalies together with high 3He/4He in Phanerozoic rocks from large igneous provinces and ocean island basalts demonstrate the preservation of early-formed (within the first 60 Ma of solar system history) mantle domains tapped by modern mantle plumes. It has proven difficult to link the evidence for primordial domains with geochemical evidence for more recent processes, such as recycling. The Greenland-Iceland plume system, starting with eruptions of the Paleocene North Atlantic Igneous Province, is later manifested in the mid-Miocene to modern volcanic products of Iceland. Here, we report Pb isotopic compositions, μ182W (deviations in 182W/184W of a sample from a laboratory reference standard in parts per million), and 3He/4He, as well as highly siderophile element concentrations and Re-Os isotopic systematics of basaltic samples erupted at different times during the ~60 Ma history of the Greenland-Iceland plume. Paleocene samples from Greenland, representing the early stage of the mantle plume, are characterized by variable 3He/4He ranging from 7 to 48 R/RA (measured 3He/4He normalized to the atmospheric ratio) and an average μ182W of −4.0 ± 3.6 (2SD), within modern upper mantle-like values of 0 ± 4.5. The basalts from Iceland can be divided into two groups based on their Pb isotope compositions. One group, consisting mostly of Miocene basalts, is characterized by 206Pb/204Pb ranging from ~18.4 to 18.5, 3He/4He ranging from 17.8 to 40.2 R/RA, and μ182W values ranging from +1.7 to −9.1 ± 4.5. The other group, consisting mainly of Pleistocene and Holocene basalts, is characterized by higher 206Pb/204Pb, ranging from ~18.7 to 19.2, 3He/4He ranging from 7.9 to 25.7 R/RA, and μ182W values ranging from −0.6 to −11.7 ± 4.5. Collectively, the Greenland-Iceland suite examined requires mixing between a minimum of three mantle source domains characterized by distinct Pb-He-W isotopic compositions, in order to account for this range of isotopic data. The temporal changes in the isotopic data for these rocks appear to track the dominant contributing plume components as the system evolved. One of the domains is indistinguishable from the ambient upper oceanic mantle and contributed substantial material throughout the time progression. The other two domains are most likely primordial reservoirs that underwent limited de-gassing. Given the negative μ182W values in some rocks, one of these domains likely formed within the first 60 Ma of solar system history and is a major contributor to the youngest basalts. The isotopic characteristics of Greenland-Iceland plume-derived rocks reveal episodic changes in the source component proportions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by NSF grant EAR-1624587 (to RJW and AMP). AMP acknowledges FWF grant V659-N29. MJ acknowledges NSF grant EAR-1624840, and MK acknowledges OCE-1259218. We would like to thank Lotte M. Larsen and Asger K. Pedersen for providing the West Greenland samples, and Bernard Marty for the samples from East Greenland. We thank Catherine Chauvel for the editorial handling and Rita Parai, Dominique Weis, David Graham and an anonymous reviewer for the helpful and constructive comments on this and an earlier version of the manuscript.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectMantle plumeen_US
dc.subjectPrimordial reservoiren_US
dc.titleTemporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and he-3/He-4 signatures in the Iceland mantle plumeen_US

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