Effect of orientation on broadband acoustic scattering of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba : implications for inverting zooplankton spectral
Martin Traykovski, Linda V.
O'Driscoll, R. L.
McGehee, Duncan E.
MetadataShow full item record
Acoustic scattering experiments involving simultaneous acquisition of broadband echoes and video footage from several Antarctic krill were carried out to determine the effect of animal orientation on echo spectral structure. A novel video analysis technique, applied to extract krill angle of orientation corresponding to each insonification, revealed that echo spectra from krill near broadside incidence relative to the incident acoustic wave exhibited widely spaced, deep nulls, whereas off-broadside echo spectra had a more erratic structure, with several closely spaced nulls of variable depth. The pattern of changes in echo spectra with orientation for the experimentally measured acoustic returns was very similar to theoretically predicted patterns based on a distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) model. Information contained in the broadband echo spectra of the krill was exploited to invert the acoustic returns for angle of orientation by applying a newly developed Covariance Mean Variance Classification (CMVC) approach, using generic and animal-specific theoretical and empirical model spaces. The animal-specific empirical model space was best able to invert for angle of orientation. The CMVC inversion technique can be implemented using a generic empirical model space to determine angle of orientation based on broadband echoes from individual zooplankton in the field.
Author Posting. © Acoustical Society of America, 1998. This article is posted here by permission of Acoustical Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 104 (1998): 2121-2135, doi:10.1121/1.423726.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Differences between sound scattering by weakly scattering spheres and finite-length cylinders with applications to sound scattering by zooplankton Stanton, Timothy K.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Chu, Dezhang (Acoustical Society of America, 1998-01)A modeling study was conducted to determine the conditions under which fluidlike zooplankton of the same volume but different shapes (spherical/cylindrical) have similar or dramatically different scattering properties. ...
Sound scattering by several zooplankton groups. I. Experimental determination of dominant scattering mechanisms Stanton, Timothy K.; Chu, Dezhang; Wiebe, Peter H.; Martin, Linda V.; Eastwood, Robert L. (Acoustical Society of America, 1998-01)The acoustic scattering properties of live individual zooplankton from several gross anatomical groups have been investigated. The groups involve (1) euphausiids (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) whose bodies behave acoustically ...
A phase-compensated distorted wave Born approximation representation of the bistatic scattering by weakly scattering objects : application to zooplankton Chu, Dezhang; Ye, Zhen (Acoustical Society of America, 1999-10)The distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) method has been successfully used in modeling the acoustic backscattering by weakly scattering zooplankton [Stanton et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 3463–3472 (1993), Wiebe et ...