Portal protein diversity and phage ecology
Sullivan, Matthew B.
Coleman, Maureen L.
Rosenkrantz, Jessica E.
DeFrancesco, Alicia S.
Lee, Jessica A.
Waterbury, John B.
Bielawski, Joseph P.
Chisholm, Sallie W.
MetadataShow full item record
Oceanic phages are critical components of the global ecosystem, where they play a role in microbial mortality and evolution. Our understanding of phage diversity is greatly limited by the lack of useful genetic diversity measures. Previous studies, focusing on myophages that infect the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus, have used the coliphage T4 portal-protein-encoding homologue, gene 20 (g20), as a diversity marker. These studies revealed 10 sequence clusters, 9 oceanic and 1 freshwater, where only 3 contained cultured representatives. We sequenced g20 from 38 marine myophages isolated using a diversity of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus hosts to see if any would fall into the clusters that lacked cultured representatives. On the contrary, all fell into the three clusters that already contained sequences from cultured phages. Further, there was no obvious relationship between host of isolation, or host range, and g20 sequence similarity. We next expanded our analyses to all available g20 sequences (769 sequences), which include PCR amplicons from wild uncultured phages, non-PCR amplified sequences identified in the Global Ocean Survey (GOS) metagenomic database, as well as sequences from cultured phages, to evaluate the relationship between g20 sequence clusters and habitat features from which the phage sequences were isolated. Even in this meta-data set, very few sequences fell into the sequence clusters without cultured representatives, suggesting that the latter are very rare, or sequencing artefacts. In contrast, sequences most similar to the culture-containing clusters, the freshwater cluster and two novel clusters, were more highly represented, with one particular culture-containing cluster representing the dominant g20 genotype in the unamplified GOS sequence data. Finally, while some g20 sequences were non-randomly distributed with respect to habitat, there were always numerous exceptions to general patterns, indicating that phage portal proteins are not good predictors of a phage's host or the habitat in which a particular phage may thrive.
© 2008 The Authors. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License, Attribution 2.5. The definitive version was published in Environmental Microbiology 10 (2008): 2810-2823, doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01702.x.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Generic
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sullivan, Matthew B.; Coleman, Maureen L.; Quinlivan, Vanessa; Rosenkrantz, Jessica E.; DeFrancesco, Alicia S.; Tan, G.; Fu, Ross; Lee, Jessica A.; Waterbury, John B.; Bielawski, Joseph P.; Chisholm, Sallie W. (2011-10)
Benthuysen, Jessica A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-06)In a stratified rotating fluid, frictionally driven circulations couple with the buoyancy field over sloping topography. Analytical and numerical methods are used to quantify the impact of this coupling on the vertical ...
Stratus Ocean Reference Station (20˚S, 85˚W), mooring recovery and deployment cruise R/V Ronald H. Brown cruise 05-05, September 26, 2005–October 21, 2005 Hutto, Lara; Weller, Robert A.; Lord, Jeffrey; Smith, Jason C.; Bouchard, Paul R.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Pezoa, Sergio; Bariteau, Ludovic; Lundquist, Jessica; Ghate, Virendra P.; Castro, Rodrigo; Cisternas, Carolina (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-02)The Ocean Reference Station at 20°S, 85°W under the stratus clouds west of northern Chile is being maintained to provide ongoing, climate-quality records of surface meteorology, of air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater, and ...