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dc.contributor.authorKelly, Stephen  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorProshutinsky, Andrey  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPopova, Ekaterina E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAksenov, Yevgeny  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorYool, Andrew  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-13T17:17:23Z
dc.date.available2019-12-26T09:12:21Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-26
dc.identifier.citationKelly, S. J., Proshutinsky, A., Popova, E. K., Aksenov, Y. K., & Yool, A. ( 2019). On the origin of water masses in the Beaufort Gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 4696– 4709.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/24818
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2019. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 124(7), (2019): 4696-4709, doi: 10.1029/2019JC015022.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Beaufort Gyre is a key feature of the Arctic Ocean, acting as a reservoir for freshwater in the region. Depending on whether the prevailing atmospheric circulation in the Arctic is anticyclonic or cyclonic, either a net accumulation or release of freshwater occurs. The sources of freshwater to the Arctic Ocean are well established and include contributions from the North American and Eurasian Rivers, the Bering Strait Pacific water inflow, sea ice meltwater, and precipitation, but their contribution to the Beaufort Gyre freshwater accumulation varies with changes in the atmospheric circulation. Here we use a Lagrangian backward tracking technique in conjunction with the 1/12‐degree resolution Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean model to investigate how sources of freshwater to the Beaufort Gyre have changed in recent decades, focusing on increase in the Pacific water content in the gyre between the late 1980s and early 2000s. Using empirical orthogonal functions we analyze the change in the Arctic oceanic circulation that occurred between the 1980s and 2000s. We highlight a “waiting room” advective pathway that was present in the 1980s and provide evidence that this pathway was caused by a shift in the center of Ekman transport convergence in the Arctic. We discuss the role of these changes as a contributing factor to changes in the stratification, and hence potentially the biology, of the Beaufort Gyre region.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe underpinning high‐resolution NEMO simulation was performed using the ARCHER UK National Supercomputing Service (http://www.archer.ac.uk). ARIANE simulations were performed using the JASMIN data analysis environment (http://www.jasmin.ac.uk). Lagrangian analysis was carried out using computational tool ARIANE developed by B. Blanke and N. Grima. Arctic dynamic topography/geostrophic currents data were provided by the Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling, University College London (www.cpom.ucl.ac.uk/dynamic_topography; Armitage et al., 2016). The funding for A. Proshutinsky was provided by the NSF under grants supporting the Beaufort Gyre Observing System since 2003 (1845877, 1719280, 1604085) and by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Y. Aksenov was supported from the NERC Program “The North Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study (ACSIS), NE/N018044/1 and from the project “Advective pathways of nutrients and key ecological substances in the Arctic (APEAR)” NE/R012865/1, as a part of the joint UK/Germany “Changing Arctic Ocean” Programme. A. Yool and E. Popova were supported by NERC grants CLASS NE/R015953/1, and National Capability in Ocean Modelling. We acknowledge the FAMOS (http://web.whoi.edu/famos/) program for providing a framework for many fruitful discussions which thoroughly enhanced this work. Finally, we thank the two anonymous reviewers who greatly improved this work with their insightful input.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015022
dc.subjectBeaufort Gyreen_US
dc.subjectLagrangian modelingen_US
dc.subjectNEMOen_US
dc.subjectparticle trackingen_US
dc.titleOn the origin of water masses in the Beaufort Gyreen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2019-12-26en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2019JC015022


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