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dc.contributor.authorNewman, Louise  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHeil, Petra  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTrebilco, Rowan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKatsumata, Katsuro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorConstable, Andrew  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorvan Wijk, Esmee  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAssmann, Karen  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBeja, Joana  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBricher, Phillippa  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorColeman, Richard  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Daniel P.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDiggs, Stephen  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFarneti, Riccardo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFawcett, Sarah E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGille, Sarah T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHendry, Katharine R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHenley, Sian  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Eileen E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMaksym, Ted  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMazloff, Matthew R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMeijers, Andrew J. S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMeredith, Michael M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMoreau, Sebastien  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOzsoy, Burcu  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, Robin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSchloss, Irene  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSchofield, Oscar M. E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShi, Jiuxin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSikes, Elisabeth L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Inga J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSwart, Sebastiaan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWahlin, Anna  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Guy  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Michael J. M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHerraiz-Borreguero, Laura  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKern, Stefan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLieser, Jan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMassom, Robert A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMelbourne-Thomas, Jessica  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMiloslavich, Patricia  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSpreen, Gunnar  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-09T19:12:44Z
dc.date.available2019-10-09T19:12:44Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-08
dc.identifier.citationNewman, L., Heil, P., Trebilco, R., Katsumata, K., Constable, A., van Wijk, E., Assmann, K., Beja, J., Bricher, P., Colemans, R., Costa, D., Diggs, S., Farneti, R., Fawcett, S., Gille, S. T., Hendry, K. R., Henley, S., Hofmann, E., Maksym, T., MazIoff, M., Meijers, A., Meredith, M. M., Moreau, S., Ozsor, B., Robertson, R., Schloss, I., Schofield, O., Shi, J., Sikes, E., Smith, I. J., Swart, S., Wahlin, A., Williams, G., Williams, M. J. M., Herraiz-Borreguero, L., Kern, S., Liesers, J., Massom, R. A., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Miloslavich, P., & Spreen, G. (2019). Delivering sustained, coordinated, and integrated observations of the Southern Ocean for global impact. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 433.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/24683
dc.description© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Newman, L., Heil, P., Trebilco, R., Katsumata, K., Constable, A., van Wijk, E., Assmann, K., Beja, J., Bricher, P., Colemans, R., Costa, D., Diggs, S., Farneti, R., Fawcett, S., Gille, S. T., Hendry, K. R., Henley, S., Hofmann, E., Maksym, T., MazIoff, M., Meijers, A., Meredith, M. M., Moreau, S., Ozsor, B., Robertson, R., Schloss, I., Schofield, O., Shi, J., Sikes, E., Smith, I. J., Swart, S., Wahlin, A., Williams, G., Williams, M. J. M., Herraiz-Borreguero, L., Kern, S., Liesers, J., Massom, R. A., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Miloslavich, P., & Spreen, G. Delivering sustained, coordinated, and integrated observations of the Southern Ocean for global impact. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, (2019): 433, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00433.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Southern Ocean is disproportionately important in its effect on the Earth system, impacting climatic, biogeochemical, and ecological systems, which makes recent observed changes to this system cause for global concern. The enhanced understanding and improvements in predictive skill needed for understanding and projecting future states of the Southern Ocean require sustained observations. Over the last decade, the Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) has established networks for enhancing regional coordination and research community groups to advance development of observing system capabilities. These networks support delivery of the SOOS 20-year vision, which is to develop a circumpolar system that ensures time series of key variables, and delivers the greatest impact from data to all key end-users. Although the Southern Ocean remains one of the least-observed ocean regions, enhanced international coordination and advances in autonomous platforms have resulted in progress toward sustained observations of this region. Since 2009, the Southern Ocean community has deployed over 5700 observational platforms south of 40°S. Large-scale, multi-year or sustained, multidisciplinary efforts have been supported and are now delivering observations of essential variables at space and time scales that enable assessment of changes being observed in Southern Ocean systems. The improved observational coverage, however, is predominantly for the open ocean, encompasses the summer, consists of primarily physical oceanographic variables, and covers surface to 2000 m. Significant gaps remain in observations of the ice-impacted ocean, the sea ice, depths >2000 m, the air-ocean-ice interface, biogeochemical and biological variables, and for seasons other than summer. Addressing these data gaps in a sustained way requires parallel advances in coordination networks, cyberinfrastructure and data management tools, observational platform and sensor technology, two-way platform interrogation and data-transmission technologies, modeling frameworks, intercalibration experiments, and development of internationally agreed sampling standards and requirements of key variables. This paper presents a community statement on the major scientific and observational progress of the last decade, and importantly, an assessment of key priorities for the coming decade, toward achieving the SOOS vision and delivering essential data to all end-users.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPH was supported by the Australian Government’s Cooperative Research Centers Program through the Antarctica Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, and the International Space Science Institute’s team grant #406. This work contributes to the Australian Antarctica Science projects 4301 and 4390.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00433
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectSouthern Oceanen_US
dc.subjectobservationsen_US
dc.subjectmodelingen_US
dc.subjectocean–climate interactionsen_US
dc.subjectecosystem-based managementen_US
dc.subjectlong-term monitoringen_US
dc.subjectinternational coordinationen_US
dc.titleDelivering sustained, coordinated, and integrated observations of the Southern Ocean for global impacten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2019.00433


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Attribution 4.0 International
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