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dc.contributor.authorGoni, Gustavo J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSprintall, Janet  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBringas, Francis  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Lijing  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCirano, Mauro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDong, Shenfu  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDomingues, Ricardo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGoes, Marlos Pereira  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Hosmay  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMorrow, Rosemary  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRivero, Ulises  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRossby, H. Thomas  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTodd, Robert E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTrinanes, Joaquin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZilberman, Nathalie  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBaringer, Molly O.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBoyer, Tim  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCowley, Rebecca  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDomingues, Catia M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHutchinson, Katherine  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKramp, Martin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMata, Mauricio M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorReseghetti, Franco  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSun, Charles  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorUdaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVolkov, Denis L.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T17:55:46Z
dc.date.available2019-09-10T17:55:46Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-24
dc.identifier.citationGoni, G. J., Sprintall, J., Bringas, F., Cheng, L., Cirano, M., Dong, S., Domingues, R., Goes, M., Lopez, H., Morrow, R., Rivero, U., Rossby, T., Todd, R. E., Trinanes, J., Zilberman, N., Baringer, M., Boyer, T., Cowley, R., Domingues, C. M., Hutchinson, K., Kramp, M., Mata, M. M., Reseghetti, F., Sun, C., Bhaskar, U., & Volko, D. (2019). More than 50 years of successful continuous temperature section measurements by the global expendable bathythermograph network, its integrability, societal benefits, and future. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 452.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/24530
dc.description© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Goni, G. J., Sprintall, J., Bringas, F., Cheng, L., Cirano, M., Dong, S., Domingues, R., Goes, M., Lopez, H., Morrow, R., Rivero, U., Rossby, T., Todd, R. E., Trinanes, J., Zilberman, N., Baringer, M., Boyer, T., Cowley, R., Domingues, C. M., Hutchinson, K., Kramp, M., Mata, M. M., Reseghetti, F., Sun, C., Bhaskar, U., & Volko, D. More than 50 years of successful continuous temperature section measurements by the global expendable bathythermograph network, its integrability, societal benefits, and future. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, (2019): 452, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00452.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe first eXpendable BathyThermographs (XBTs) were deployed in the 1960s in the North Atlantic Ocean. In 1967 XBTs were deployed in operational mode to provide a continuous record of temperature profile data along repeated transects, now known as the Global XBT Network. The current network is designed to monitor ocean circulation and boundary current variability, basin-wide and trans-basin ocean heat transport, and global and regional heat content. The ability of the XBT Network to systematically map the upper ocean thermal field in multiple basins with repeated trans-basin sections at eddy-resolving scales remains unmatched today and cannot be reproduced at present by any other observing platform. Some repeated XBT transects have now been continuously occupied for more than 30 years, providing an unprecedented long-term climate record of temperature, and geostrophic velocity profiles that are used to understand variability in ocean heat content (OHC), sea level change, and meridional ocean heat transport. Here, we present key scientific advances in understanding the changing ocean and climate system supported by XBT observations. Improvement in XBT data quality and its impact on computations, particularly of OHC, are presented. Technology development for probes, launchers, and transmission techniques are also discussed. Finally, we offer new perspectives for the future of the Global XBT Network.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipGG, FB, SD, UR, MB, RD, and DV were supported by a grant from the NOAA/Ocean Observing and Monitoring Division (OOMD) and by NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML). The participation of JS and NZ in this study was supported by NOAA's Global Ocean Monitoring and Observing Program through Award NA15OAR4320071 and NSF Award 1542902. CD was funded by the Australian Research Council (FT130101532 and DP160103130); the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) Working Group 148, funded by national SCOR committees and a grant to SCOR from the U.S. National Science Foundation (Grant OCE-1546580); and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO/International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IOC/IODE) IQuOD Steering Group. LC was supported by 2016YFC1401800.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00452
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectexpendable bathythermographsen_US
dc.subjectsurface currentsen_US
dc.subjectsubsurface currentsen_US
dc.subjectmeridional heat transporten_US
dc.subjectocean heat contenten_US
dc.subjectsea levelen_US
dc.subjectextreme weatheren_US
dc.titleMore than 50 years of successful continuous temperature section measurements by the global expendable bathythermograph network, its integrability, societal benefits, and futureen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2019.00452


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International