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dc.contributor.authorGoodwin, Jacob D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMunroe, Daphne M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDefne, Zafer  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGanju, Neil K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVasslides, James  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-29T20:32:48Z
dc.date.available2019-08-29T20:32:48Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-01
dc.identifier.citationGoodwin, J. D., Munroe, D. M., Defne, Z., Ganju, N. K., & Vasslides, J. (2019). Estimating connectivity of hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae in Barnegat Bay. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 7(6), 167.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/24489
dc.description© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Goodwin, J. D., Munroe, D. M., Defne, Z., Ganju, N. K., & Vasslides, J. Estimating connectivity of hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae in Barnegat Bay. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 7(6), (2019): 167, doi:10.3390/jmse7060167.en_US
dc.description.abstractMany marine organisms have a well-known adult sessile stage. Unfortunately, our lack of knowledge regarding their larval transient stage hinders our understanding of their basic ecology and connectivity. Larvae can have swimming behavior that influences their transport within the marine environment. Understanding the larval stage provides insight into population connectivity that can help strategically identify areas for restoration. Current techniques for understanding the larval stage include modeling that combines particle attributes (e.g., larval behavior) with physical processes of water movement to contribute to our understanding of connectivity trends. This study builds on those methods by using a previously developed retention clock matrix (RCM) to illustrate time dependent connectivity of two species of shellfish between areas and over a range of larval durations. The RCM was previously used on physical parameters but we expand the concept by applying it to biology. A new metric, difference RCM (DRCM), is introduced to quantify changes in connectivity under different scenarios. Broad spatial trends were similar for all behavior types with a general south to north progression of particles. The DRCMs illustrate differences between neutral particles and those with behavior in northern regions where stratification was higher, indicating that larval behavior influenced transport. Based on these findings, particle behavior led to small differences (north to south movement) in transport patterns in areas with higher salinity gradients (the northern part of the system) compared to neutral particles. Overall, the dominant direction for particle movement was from south to north, which at times was enhanced by winds from the south. Clam and oyster restoration in the southern portion of Barnegat Bay could serve as a larval supply for populations in the north. These model results show that coupled hydrodynamic and particle tracking models have implications for fisheries management and restoration activities.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work is supported by the Barnegat Bay Partnership EPA grants CE98212311, CE98212312. We extend our deep thanks to anonymous reviewers and Lisa Lucas who provided thoughtful input that improved the manuscript. We thank Matthew Kozak and Ian Mitchell for technical advice and Elizabeth North for LTRANS guidance. Joe Caracapa and Jennifer Gius provided help running remote simulations. COAST model source code is available at https://code.usgs.gov/coawstmodel/COAWST [50]. The hydrodynamic model outoput is available at: http://geoport.whoi.edu/thredds/catalog/clay/usgs/users/zdefne/GRL/catalog.html [21] and particle tracking model outputs are available from the corresponding author upon request.en_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7060167
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectbivalve connectivityen_US
dc.subjectlarval transporten_US
dc.subjectmodelingen_US
dc.subjectretention clocken_US
dc.subjectRCMen_US
dc.subjectROMSen_US
dc.subjectLTRANSen_US
dc.subjectBarnegat Bayen_US
dc.subjecthard clamen_US
dc.subjecteastern oysteren_US
dc.titleEstimating connectivity of hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae in Barnegat Bayen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/jmse7060167


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International