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dc.contributor.authorTaviani, Marco  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAngeletti, Lorenzo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCardone, Frine  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMontagna, Paolo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDanovaro, Roberto  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-27T20:28:52Z
dc.date.available2019-03-27T20:28:52Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-04
dc.identifier.citationTaviani, M., Angeletti, L., Cardone, F., Montagna, P., & Danovaro, R. (2019). A unique and threatened deep water coral-bivalve biotope new to the Mediterranean Sea offshore the Naples megalopolis. Scientific Reports, 9, 3411.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/23926
dc.description© The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Taviani, M., Angeletti, L., Cardone, F., Montagna, P., & Danovaro, R. A unique and threatened deep water coral-bivalve biotope new to the Mediterranean Sea offshore the Naples megalopolis. Scientific Reports, 9, (2019):3411, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-39655-8.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Gulf of Naples is an example of the most beautiful and biodiverse marine regions of the Mediterranean Sea and of the most impacted areas in terms of industrial activities, large contaminated areas, resource exploitation, infrastructures at sea and maritime transportation. We conducted Remotely Operated Vehicle surveys in the Dohrn Canyon in the Tyrrhenian Sea at approximately 12 NM off Naples metropolitan area, and revealed a hotspot of deep-sea benthic biodiversity of sessile fauna at ca. 400 m depth. The hard bottoms are characterized by a high abundance of charismatic species, such as the habitat forming cold-water corals (CWC) Madrepora oculata, Lophelia pertusa, Desmophyllum dianthus in association with the large size bivalves Acesta excavata and Neopycnodonte zibrowii. This CWC-bivalve co-occurrence represents a novel biotope for the Mediterranean Sea, which coexists with the evidence of severe anthropogenic threats, such as illegal dumping and fishery malpractices that were visually documented during the survey. We recommend the adoption of specific protection measures to preserve these unique deep-sea assemblages showing the uncommon co-existence of such a number of deep-sea species in a single habitat.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCaptain, crew and shipboard staff of RV Minerva Uno are acknowledged for their efficient and skilful cooperation at sea during ANOMCITY2016 (Chief Scientist Elvira Oliveri), Strategia Marina Ligure/Tirreno (Chief Scientist Lorenzo Angeletti) and MSFD-IT-2-2017 (Chief Scientist Alessandro Remia) oceanographic cruises. Mariacristina Prampolini and Valentina Grande are especially acknowledged for data acquisition and elaboration of the morphobathymetric maps. We thank François Galgani for advice on marine litter typology. We thank two anonymous reviewers for positive comments that helped improving the clarity of the text. Partial funding was provided by CNR, the Italian Flag Project Ritmare and the Italian Marine Strategy Framework Directive Programmes. RD received funding from the EU Horizon 2020 project MERCES (Marine Ecosystem Restoration in Changing European Seas; grant agreement No 689518). This is ISMAR-CNR Bologna Scientific contribution n. 1909.en_US
dc.publisherNature Researchen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39655-8
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleA unique and threatened deep water coral-bivalve biotope new to the Mediterranean Sea offshore the Naples megalopolisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-019-39655-8


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