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dc.contributor.authorLee, Wu-Jung  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTang, Dajun  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorStanton, Timothy K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorThorsos, Eric I.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-26T15:31:00Z
dc.date.available2019-03-18T08:16:28Z
dc.date.issued2018-09-18
dc.identifier.citationLee, W., Tang, D., Stanton, T. K., & Thorsos, E. I. (2018). Macroscopic observations of diel fish movements around a shallow water artificial reef using a mid-frequency horizontal-looking sonar. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 144, 1424-1434en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/23737
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © Acoustical Society of America, 2018. This article is posted here by permission of Acoustical Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 144 (2018): 1424-1434. doi:10.1121/1.5054013.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe twilight feeding migration of fish around a shallow water artificial reef (a shipwreck) was observed by a horizontal-looking, mid-frequency sonar. The sonar operated at frequencies between 1.8 and 3.6 kHz and consisted of a co-located source and horizontal line array deployed at 4 km from the reef. The experiment was conducted in a well-mixed shallow water waveguide which is conducive to characterizing fish aggregations at these distances. Large aggregations of fish were repeatedly seen to emerge rapidly from the shipwreck at dusk, disperse into the surrounding area during the night, and quickly converge back to the shipwreck at dawn. This is a rare, macroscopic observation of an ecologically-important reef fish behavior, delivered at the level of aggregations, instead of individual fish tracks that have been documented previously. The significance of this observation on sonar performance associated with target detection in the presence of fish clutter is discussed based on analyses of echo intensity and statistics. Building on previous studies of long-range fish echoes, this study further substantiates the unique utility of such sonar systems as an ecosystem monitoring tool, and illustrates the importance of considering the impact of the presence of fish on sonar applications.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Jay Grove from the NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center for help in identifying potential fish species near the shipwreck sites. We also thank Jie Yang, B. Todd Hefner, and Kevin Williams at the Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington (APL-UW) for discussion on data processing and results interpretation. The study is supported by the Office of Naval Research and the Science & Engineering Enrichment & Development (SEED) Postdoctoral Fellowship from APL-UW.en_US
dc.publisherAcoustical Society of Americaen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1121/1.5054013
dc.titleMacroscopic observations of diel fish movements around a shallow water artificial reef using a mid-frequency horizontal-looking sonaren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2019-03-18en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1121/1.5054013


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