Frontal subduction of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf water at the onshore edge of a warm-core ring
MetadataShow full item record
Keywordfrontal subduction; warm‐core ring; Mid‐Atlantic Bight; shelf‐water streamer; cross‐shelf exchange; OOI Pioneer Array
This work studies the subduction of the shelf water along the onshore edge of a warm‐core ring that impinges on the edge of the Mid‐Atlantic Bight continental shelf. The dynamical analysis is based on observations by satellites and from the Ocean Observatories Initiative Pioneer Array observatory as well as idealized numerical model simulations. They together show that frontogenesis‐induced submesoscale frontal subduction with order‐one Rossby and Froude numbers occurs on the onshore edge of the ring. The subduction flow results from the onshore migration of the warm‐core ring that intensifies the density front on the interface of the ring and shelf waters. The subduction is a part of the cross‐front secondary circulation trying to relax the intensifying density front. The dramatically different physical and biogeochemical properties of the ring and shelf waters provide a great opportunity to visualize the subduction phenomenon. Entrained by the ring‐edge current, the subducted shelf water is subsequently transported offshore below a surface layer of ring water and alongside of the surface‐visible shelf‐water streamer. It explains the historical observations of isolated subsurface packets of shelf water along the ring periphery in the slope sea. Model‐based estimate suggests that this type of subduction‐associated subsurface cross‐shelfbreak transport of the shelf water could be substantial relative to other major forms of shelfbreak water exchange. This study also proposes that outward spreading of the ring‐edge front by the frontal subduction may facilitate entrainment of the shelf water by the ring‐edge current and enhances the shelf‐water streamer transport at the shelf edge.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2018. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(11), (2018): 7795-7818. doi: 10.1029/2018JC013794.
Suggested CitationArticle: Zhang, Weifeng G., Partida, Jacob, "Frontal subduction of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf water at the onshore edge of a warm-core ring", Zhang, W. G., & Partida, J. (2018). Frontal subduction of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf water at the onshore edge of a warm-core ring. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123(11), 7795–7818., DOI:10.1029/2018JC013794, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/23614
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Zhang, Weifeng G.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-30)Onshore intrusions of offshore waters onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf can greatly affect shelf circulation, biogeochemistry, and fisheries. Previous studies have concentrated on onshore intrusions of slope water. Here ...
A compilation and description of hydrographic transects of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf-break front Lyne, Vincent D.; Csanady, Gabriel T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-04)Historical hydrographic transects of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf-break front are compiled by month and described in this report. Interannual variability of the meteorological forcing and slope water mass properties are ...
Intrinsic nonlinearity and spectral structure of internal tides at an idealized Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf break Zhang, Weifeng G.; Duda, Timothy F. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-12)To quantify dynamical aspects of internal-tide generation at the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf break, this study employs an idealized ocean model initialized by climatological summertime stratification and forced by monochromatic ...