Impact of variable air-sea O2 and CO2 fluxes on atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) and land-ocean carbon sink partitioning


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dc.contributor.author Nevison, Cynthia D.
dc.contributor.author Mahowald, Natalie M.
dc.contributor.author Doney, Scott C.
dc.contributor.author Lima, Ivan D.
dc.contributor.author Cassar, Nicolas
dc.date.accessioned 2008-07-25T16:21:24Z
dc.date.available 2008-07-25T16:21:24Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-02
dc.identifier.citation Biogeosciences 5 (2008): 875-889 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/2296
dc.description © 2008 Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. The definitive version was published in Biogeosciences 5 (2008): 875-899, doi:10.5194/bg-5-875-2008 en
dc.description.abstract A three dimensional, time-evolving field of atmospheric potential oxygen (APO ~O2/N2+CO2) was estimated using surface O2, N2 and CO2 fluxes from the WHOI ocean ecosystem model to force the MATCH atmospheric transport model. Land and fossil carbon fluxes were also run in MATCH and translated into O2 tracers using assumed O2:CO2 stoichiometries. The modeled seasonal cycles in APO agree well with the observed cycles at 13 global monitoring stations, with agreement helped by including oceanic CO2 in the APO calculation. The modeled latitudinal gradient in APO is strongly influenced by seasonal rectifier effects in atmospheric transport. An analysis of the APO-vs.-CO2 mass-balance method for partitioning land and ocean carbon sinks was performed in the controlled context of the MATCH simulation, in which the true surface carbon and oxygen fluxes were known exactly. This analysis suggests uncertainty of up to ±0.2 PgC in the inferred sinks due to variability associated with sparse atmospheric sampling. It also shows that interannual variability in oceanic O2 fluxes can cause large errors in the sink partitioning when the method is applied over short timescales. However, when decadal or longer averages are used, the variability in the oceanic O2 flux is relatively small, allowing carbon sinks to be partitioned to within a standard deviation of 0.1 Pg C/yr of the true values, provided one has an accurate estimate of long-term mean O2 outgassing. en
dc.description.sponsorship We acknowledge the support of NASA grant NNG05GG30G and NSF grant ATM0628472. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union en
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-875-2008
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ *
dc.title Impact of variable air-sea O2 and CO2 fluxes on atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) and land-ocean carbon sink partitioning en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.5194/bg-5-875-2008

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