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dc.contributor.authorMatson, Cole W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorClark, Bryan W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJenny, Matthew J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFleming, Carrie R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHahn, Mark E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDi Giulio, Richard T.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2008-07-02T15:48:08Z
dc.date.available2008-07-02T15:48:08Z
dc.date.issued2008-02-13
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/2271
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © Elsevier B.V., 2008. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Aquatic Toxicology 87 (2008): 289-295, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.02.010.en
dc.description.abstractA significant challenge in environmental toxicology is that many genetic and genomic tools available in laboratory models are not developed for commonly used environmental models. The Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) is one of the most studied teleost environmental models, yet few genetic or genomic tools have been developed for use in this species. The advancement of genetic and evolutionary toxicology will require that many of the tools developed in laboratory models be transferred into species more applicable to environmental toxicology. Antisense morpholino oligonucleotide (MO) gene knockdown technology has been widely utilized to study development in zebrafish and has been proven to be a powerful tool in toxicological investigations through direct manipulation of molecular pathways. To expand the utility of killifish as an environmental model, MO gene knockdown technology was adapted for use in Fundulus. Morpholino microinjection methods were altered to overcome the significant differences between these two species. Morpholino efficacy and functional duration were evaluated with molecular and phenotypic methods. A cytochrome P450-1A (CYP1A) MO was used to confirm effectiveness of the methodology. For CYP1A MO-injected embryos, a 70% reduction in CYP1A activity, a 86% reduction in total CYP1A protein, a significant increase in β-naphthoflavone-induced teratogenicity, and estimates of functional duration (50% reduction in activity 10 dpf, and 86% reduction in total protein 12 dpf) conclusively demonstrated that MO technologies can be used effectively in killifish and will likely be just as informative as they have been in zebrafish.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded in part by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences through the Duke Superfund Basic Research Center (P42ES010356), the Boston University Superfund Basic Research Program (P42ES007381), and the Duke Integrated Toxicology and Environmental Health Program (ES-T32-0007031). Additional support was provided by a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STAR fellowship awarded to C.R.F.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.02.010
dc.subjectFundulus heteroclitusen
dc.subjectAntisense morpholino oligonucleotideen
dc.subjectCYP1Aen
dc.subjectAtlantic killifishen
dc.subjectGenetic toxicologyen
dc.subjectDevelopmenten
dc.subjectTeratogenesisen
dc.titleDevelopment of the morpholino gene knockdown technique in Fundulus heteroclitus : a tool for studying molecular mechanisms in an established environmental modelen
dc.typePreprinten


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