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Observations and modeling of wave-acceleration-induced sediment transport in the surfzone

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dc.contributor.author Hoefel, Fernanda Gemael
dc.coverage.spatial Outer Banks, NC
dc.date.accessioned 2008-02-15T17:08:37Z
dc.date.available 2008-02-15T17:08:37Z
dc.date.issued 2004-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/2069
dc.description Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution February 2004 en
dc.description.abstract Onshore sediment transport and sandbar migration are important to the morphological evolution of beaches, but are not understood well. Here, a new model that accounts for accelerations of wave-orbital velocities predicts onshore sandbar migration observed on an ocean beach. In both the observations and the model, the location of the maximum acceleration-induced transport moves shoreward with the sandbar, resulting in feedback between waves and morphology that drives the bar shoreward until conditions change. A model that combines the effects of transport by waves and mean currents simulates both onshore and offshore bar migration observed over a 45-day period. A stochastic nonlinear Boussinesq model for the evolution of waves in shallow water is coupled with the wave-acceleration-driven sediment transport model to predict observed onshore sediment transport and sandbar migration given observations of the offshore wave field and initial bathymetry. The Boussinesq-wave model has skill in predicting wave spectra, as well as velocity and acceleration statistics across the surfzone, but it underpredicts acceleration skewness on top of the sandbar. As a result, the coupled wave-sediment transport model underpredicts sediment transport, and thus fails to move the sandbar onshore. Although the coupled wave and sediment model can be tuned to yield skillful predictions of onshore sandbar migration, in general, closer agreement between observed and modeled statistics of the wave field is essential for the successful application of wave models to predict sediment transport. en
dc.description.sponsorship Financial support was provided by the Army Research Office (DAAD1999-1-0250 and DAAD19-03-10072); the Office of Naval Research, Coastal Dynamics and Coastal Geosciences Programs (N00014-02-10145); the National Ocean Partnership Program (B- 428260); the National Science Foundation, Physical Oceanography (OCE-01l5850); and fellowships from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico (CNPq) - Brazil (201085/97-6), and from the Academic Programs Offce of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Theses en
dc.subject Sediment transport en_US
dc.subject Marine sediments en_US
dc.title Observations and modeling of wave-acceleration-induced sediment transport in the surfzone en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/2069


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