Rapid sulfurisation of highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes in sulfidic Holocene sediments from Ellis Fjord, Antarctica
Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S.
Rijpstra, W. Irene C.
Coolen, Marco J. L.
Volkman, John K.
MetadataShow full item record
Samples of particulate organic matter from the water column and anoxic Holocene sediment layers from the Small Meromictic Basin (SMB) in Ellis Fjord (eastern Antarctica) were analyzed to study the early incorporation of reduced inorganic sulfur species into highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes. HBIs were not detected in the water column samples from austral winter, whereas compounds containing the C25 HBI skeleton were abundant in all analyzed Holocene sediment layers. The structure of the C25:2 HBI alkene together with its enriched stable carbon isotopic composition suggest that the HBI alkene is produced by a diatom or diatoms probably belonging to the Navicula genus present in the sea-ice which covers the area most of the year. Within just 500 years of deposition, all of the HBI alkene was sulfurised. A mixture of products was formed, including components tentatively identified as a C25 HBI thiane and three S-containing dimers composed of two C25:1 HBI skeletons linked together by a sulfide bond. Most of the HBI alkene, however, was converted to polar S-containing compounds. The observed reaction rate for sulfurisation the C25:2 HBI alkene is the highest observed so far in natural systems. Sterols and other lipids known to be prone to sulfurisation were only minimally sulfurised under these depositional conditions. The reason for this is presently unclear.
Author Posting. © Elsevier B.V., 2007. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Organic Geochemistry 38 (2007): 128-139, doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2006.08.003.
Suggested CitationPreprint: Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S., Rijpstra, W. Irene C., Coolen, Marco J. L., Schouten, Stefan, Volkman, John K., "Rapid sulfurisation of highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes in sulfidic Holocene sediments from Ellis Fjord, Antarctica", 2006-04-03, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2006.08.003, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/2035
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Illumina sequencing data from sediment strata collected from the cold seeps of Hydrate Ridge, metalliferous sediments of Juan de Fuca Ridge, and organic-rich hydrothermal sediments of Guaymas Basin Girguis, Peter (Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org, 2019-03-15)Illumina sequencing data (NCBI accession numbers) from sediment strata collected from the cold seeps of Hydrate Ridge, metalliferous sediments of Juan de Fuca Ridge, and organic-rich hydrothermal sediments of Guaymas ...
The sediments of the western Gulf of Mexico. I. The continental terrace of the western Gulf of Mexico : its surface sediments, origin, and development. II. Chemical studies of sediments of the western Gulf of Mexico Stetson, Henry C.; Trask, Parker D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1953-05)In 1947 the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution organized an expedition to investigate the bottom sediments and oceanography of the northwest Gulf of Mexico. The Geological Society of America contributed to the support ...
Cohesive and mixed sediment in the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS v3.6) implemented in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport Modeling System (COAWST r1234) Sherwood, Christopher R.; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo L.; Harris, Courtney K.; Rinehimer, J. Paul; Verney, Romaric; Ferré, Bénédicte (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-05-14)We describe and demonstrate algorithms for treating cohesive and mixed sediment that have been added to the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS version 3.6), as implemented in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment ...