Diversity of thiosulfate-oxidizing bacteria from marine sediments and hydrothermal vents
Moser, D. P.
Jannasch, Holger W.
MetadataShow full item record
Species diversity, phylogenetic affiliations, and environmental occurrence patterns of thiosulfate-oxidizing marine bacteria were investigated by using new isolates from serially diluted continental slope and deep-sea abyssal plain sediments collected off the coast of New England and strains cultured previously from Galapagos hydrothermal vent samples. The most frequently obtained new isolates, mostly from 103- and 104-fold dilutions of the continental slope sediment, oxidized thiosulfate to sulfate and fell into a distinct phylogenetic cluster of marine alpha-Proteobacteria. Phylogenetically and physiologically, these sediment strains resembled the sulfate-producing thiosulfate oxidizers from the Galapagos hydrothermal vents while showing habitat-related differences in growth temperature, rate and extent of thiosulfate utilization, and carbon substrate patterns. The abyssal deep-sea sediments yielded predominantly base-producing thiosulfate-oxidizing isolates related to Antarctic marine Psychroflexus species and other cold-water marine strains of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides phylum, in addition to gamma-proteobacterial isolates of the genera Pseudoalteromonas and Halomonas-Deleya. Bacterial thiosulfate oxidation is found in a wide phylogenetic spectrum of Flavobacteria and Proteobacteria.
Author Posting. © American Society for Microbiology, 2000. This article is posted here by permission of American Society for Microbiology for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66 (2000): 3125-3133, doi:10.1128/AEM.66.8.3125-3133.2000.
Suggested CitationArticle: Teske, Andreas, Brinkhoff, T., Muyzer, Gerard, Moser, D. P., Rethmeier, J., Jannasch, Holger W., "Diversity of thiosulfate-oxidizing bacteria from marine sediments and hydrothermal vents", Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66 (2000): 3125-3133, DOI:10.1128/AEM.66.8.3125-3133.2000, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/195
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Phenotypic diversity within two toxic dinoflagellate genera : environmental and transcriptomic studies of species diversity in Alexandrium and Gambierdiscus Pitz, Kathleen (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-09)Dinoflagellates are a diverse group of single-celled eukaryotic phytoplankton that are important for their unique genetics and molecular biology, the multitude of ecological roles they play, and the ability of multiple ...
Marine biological diversity : report of a meeting of the Marine Biological Diversity Working Group Eiswerth, Mark E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-03)On August 3 - 4, 1989, the Marine Policy Center of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution hosted the initial meeting of the Marine Biological Diversity Working Group. The formation of this working group was fostered as part ...
Testing isosource : stable isotope analysis of a tropical fishery with diverse organic matter sources Benstead, Jonathan P.; March, James G.; Fry, Brian; Ewel, Katherine C.; Pringle, Catherine M. (Ecological Society of America, 2006-02)We sampled consumers and organic matter sources (mangrove litter, freshwater swamp-forest litter, seagrasses, seagrass epiphytes, and marine particulate organic matter [MPOM]) from four estuaries on Kosrae, Federated States ...