Evolution of carbon sinks in a changing climate
Fung, Inez Y.
Doney, Scott C.
John, Jasmin G.
MetadataShow full item record
Climate change is expected to influence the capacities of the land and oceans to act as repositories for anthropogenic CO2 and hence provide a feedback to climate change. A series of experiments with the National Center for Atmospheric Research–Climate System Model 1 coupled carbon–climate model shows that carbon sink strengths vary with the rate of fossil fuel emissions, so that carbon storage capacities of the land and oceans decrease and climate warming accelerates with faster CO2 emissions. Furthermore, there is a positive feedback between the carbon and climate systems, so that climate warming acts to increase the airborne fraction of anthropogenic CO2 and amplify the climate change itself. Globally, the amplification is small at the end of the 21st century in this model because of its low transient climate response and the near-cancellation between large regional changes in the hydrologic and ecosystem responses. Analysis of our results in the context of comparable models suggests that destabilization of the tropical land sink is qualitatively robust, although its degree is uncertain.
Author Posting. © The Authors, 2005. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of National Academy of Sciences of the USA for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of the United States of America 102 (2005): 11201-11206, doi:10.1073/pnas.0504949102.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Global economic effects of changes in crops, pasture, and forests due to changing climate, carbon dioxide, and ozone Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, S.; Felzer, Benjamin S.; Wang, X.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, C. (2006-01)Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...
Changes in ocean heat, carbon content, and ventilation : a review of the first decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography Talley, Lynne; Feely, Richard A.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Baringer, Molly; Bullister, John L.; Carlson, Craig A.; Doney, Scott C.; Fine, Rana A.; Firing, Eric; Gruber, Nicolas; Hansell, Dennis A.; Ishii, Masayoshi; Johnson, Gregory; Katsumata, K.; Key, Robert M.; Kramp, Martin; Langdon, Chris; Macdonald, Alison M.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; Mecking, Sabine; Millero, Frank J.; Mordy, Calvin; Nakano, T.; Sabine, Chris L.; Smethie, William; Swift, James H.; Tanhua, Toste; Thurnherr, Andreas M.; Warner, Mark J.; Zhang, Jia-Zhong (2015-05-30)The ocean, a central component of Earth’s climate system, is changing. Given the global scope of these changes, highly accurate measurements of physical and biogeochemical properties need to be conducted over the full water ...
Rodgers, Keith B.; Key, Robert M.; Gnanadesikan, Anand; Sarmiento, Jorge L.; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Doney, Scott C.; Dunne, John P.; Glover, David M.; Ishida, Akio; Ishii, Masao; Jacobson, Andrew R.; Monaco, Claire Lo; Maier-Reimer, Ernst; Mercier, Herlé; Metzl, Nicolas; Perez, Fiz F.; Rios, Aida F.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wetzel, Patrick; Winn, Christopher D.; Yamanaka, Yasuhiro (American Geophysical Union, 2009-09-18)Here we use observations and ocean models to identify mechanisms driving large seasonal to interannual variations in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and dissolved oxygen (O2) in the upper ocean. We begin with observations ...