Seafloor ripples created by waves from Hurricane Ivan on the west Florida shelf
Bowers, Colleen Marie
MetadataShow full item record
LocationWest Florida shelf
Recent studies have shown that the presence of sand ripples on the seabed improves sonar detection of buried mines at sub-critical angles. Sidescan sonar data of ripples on the west Florida shelf were collected as part of ONR's Ripples Departmental Research Initiative (DRI) September 26-29th and November 7-9th, 2004. Hurricane Ivan, the strongest storm of the 2004 hurricane season, passed over the experiment site a week before the first data collection. This study focuses on the ripples created by Ivan. Average relict ripple wavelengths left after the storm were found to increase with water depth (50 cm, 62 cm, and 83 cm in 20, 30, and 50 meter water depths) despite the fact that orbital diameter decreases with water depth. Ripple prediction requires information about surface gravity waves and sediment grain size. The most reliable offshore wave field available was created with Wavewatch III by Naval Postgraduate School scientists. These waves were inputted into Delft3D WAVE, incorporating the nearshore wave model SWAN to predict waves at the locations where ripples were measured. Orbital motions at the seabed and grain size were inputted into a time-dependent ripple model with varying dissipation parameters to estimate sand ripples created by Hurricane Ivan. Ripple wavelength was found to be more strongly dependent on grain size than wave dissipation.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 2006
Suggested CitationThesis: Bowers, Colleen Marie, "Seafloor ripples created by waves from Hurricane Ivan on the west Florida shelf", 2006-09, DOI:10.1575/1912/1778, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/1778
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Comprehensive study of a heavy fuel oil spill : modeling and analytical approaches to understanding environmental weathering Lemkau, Karin L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-06)Driven by increasingly heavy oil reserves and more efficient refining technologies, use of heavy fuel oils for power generation is rising. Unlike other refined products and crude oils, a large portion of these heavy oils ...
Results of research on surface waves of the western North Atlantic. I. Investigation of bottom pressure fluctuations and surface waves. II. Results of sea surface roughness determinations in the vicinity of Woods Hole, Mass., and Bermuda Seiwell, Harry Richard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1948-08)Part I: It is to be expected that in the future, measurements of pressure fluctuations beneath the ocean surface will provide basic data for solution of many practical problems on the state of the sea. As a result of the ...
Involvement of Cytochrome P450 1A in the toxicity of aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists : alteration arachidonic acid metabolism and production of reactive oxygen species Schlezinger, Jennifer J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-08)Two cytochrome P4501A-dependent mechanisms of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist toxicity were examined in the marine teleost scup (Stenotomus chrysops), alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and production ...