Effects of nutrients, salinity, pH and light:dark cycle on the production of reactive oxygen species in the alga Chattonella marina
Au, Doris W. T.
Anderson, Donald M.
Lam, Paul K. S.
Wu, Rudolf S. S.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordChattonella marina; Reactive oxygen species; Iron; Nutrient; pH; Physical parameters; Plasma membrane; Redox
Experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of nutrients, salinity, pH and light:dark cycle on growth rate and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Chattonella marina, a harmful algal bloom (HAB) species that often causes fish kills. Different nitrogen forms (organic-N and inorganic-N), N:P ratios, light:dark cycles and salinity significantly influenced algal growth, but not ROS production. However, iron concentration and pH significantly affected both growth and ROS production in C. marina. KCN (an inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration) and 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (an inhibitor of photosynthesis) had no significant effects on ROS production. Vitamin K3 (a plasma membrane electron shuttle) enhanced ROS production while its antagonist, dicumarol, decreased ROS production. Taken together, our results suggest that ROS production by C. marina is related to a plasma membrane enzyme system regulated by iron availability but is independent of growth, photosynthesis, availability of macronutrients, salinity and irradiance.
Author Posting. © Elsevier B.V., 2007. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 346 (2007): 76-86, doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2007.03.007.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Involvement of Cytochrome P450 1A in the toxicity of aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists : alteration arachidonic acid metabolism and production of reactive oxygen species Schlezinger, Jennifer J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-08)Two cytochrome P4501A-dependent mechanisms of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist toxicity were examined in the marine teleost scup (Stenotomus chrysops), alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and production ...
Flow and nutrient dynamics in a subterranean estuary (Waquoit Bay, MA, USA) : field data and reactive transport modeling Spiteri, Claudette; Slomp, Caroline P.; Charette, Matthew A.; Tuncay, Kagan; Meile, Christof (2008-04-25)A two-dimensional (2D) reactive transport model is used to investigate the controls on nutrient (NO3-, NH4+, PO4) dynamics in a coastal aquifer. The model couples density dependent flow to a reaction network which includes ...
Species compositional differences on different-aged glacial landscapes drive contrasting responses of tundra to nutrient addition Hobbie, Sarah E.; Gough, Laura; Shaver, Gaius R. (2005-01-17)In the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, Alaska, moist non-acidic tundra dominates more recently deglaciated upland landscapes, whereas moist acidic tundra dominates older upland landscapes. In previous studies, ...