Now showing items 1-10 of 63
Extension in Mona Passage, Northeast Caribbean
(Elsevier B.V., 2010-07-15)
As shown by the recent Mw 7.0 Haiti earthquake, intra-arc deformation, which accompanies the subduction process, can present seismic and tsunami hazards to nearby islands. Spatially-limited diffuse tectonic deformation ...
Elastic wave speeds and moduli in polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate
(American Geophysical Union, 2009-02-27)
We used ultrasonic pulse transmission to measure compressional, P, and shear, S, wave speeds in laboratory-formed polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate. From the wave speed's linear ...
Correction to “Elastic wave speeds and moduli in polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate”
(American Geophysical Union, 2009-04-10)
Duration and severity of Medieval drought in the Lake Tahoe Basin
(Elsevier B.V., 2001-09-16)
Droughts in the western U.S. in the past 200 years are small compared to several megadroughts that occurred during Medieval times. We reconstruct duration and magnitude of extreme droughts in the northern Sierra Nevada ...
A conduit dilation model of methane venting from lake sediments
(American Geophysical Union, 2011-03-26)
Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, but its effects on Earth's climate remain poorly constrained, in part due to uncertainties in global methane fluxes to the atmosphere. An important source of atmospheric methane is the ...
Modeling sulfate reduction in methane hydrate-bearing continental margin sediments : does a sulfate-methane transition require anaerobic oxidation of methane?
(American Geophysical Union, 2011-07-12)
The sulfate-methane transition (SMT), a biogeochemical zone where sulfate and methane are metabolized, is commonly observed at shallow depths (1–30 mbsf) in methane-bearing marine sediments. Two processes consume sulfate ...
Plate interaction in the NE Caribbean subduction zone from continuous GPS observations
(American Geophysical Union, 2012-05-19)
Kinematic similarities between the Sumatra and Puerto Rico Trenches highlight the potential for a mega-earthquake along the Puerto Rico Trench and the generation of local and trans-Atlantic tsunamis. We used the horizontal ...
Morphology of late Quaternary submarine landslides along the U.S. Atlantic continental margin
(Elsevier B.V., 2009-02-21)
The nearly complete coverage of the U.S. Atlantic continental slope and rise by multibeam bathymetry and backscatter imagery provides an opportunity to reevaluate the distribution of submarine landslides along the margin ...
Sediment compaction rates and subsidence in deltaic plains : numerical constraints and stratigraphic influences
Natural sediment compaction in deltaic plains influences subsidence rates and the evolution of deltaic morphology. Determining compaction rates requires detailed knowledge of subsurface geotechnical properties and depositional ...
Assessing sulfate reduction and methane cycling in a high salinity pore water system in the northern Gulf of Mexico
(Elsevier B.V., 2008-05-10)
Pore waters extracted from 18 piston cores obtained on and near a salt-cored bathymetric high in Keathley Canyon lease block 151 in the northern Gulf of Mexico contain elevated concentrations of chloride (up to 838 mM) and ...