Now showing items 11-20 of 246
Stress interaction between subduction earthquakes and forearc strike-slip faults : modeling and application to the northern Caribbean plate boundary
(American Geophysical Union, 2004-12-24)
Strike-slip faults in the forearc region of a subduction zone often present significant seismic hazard because of their proximity to population centers. We explore the interaction between thrust events on the subduction ...
An effective medium inversion algorithm for gas hydrate quantification and its application to laboratory and borehole measurements of gas hydrate-bearing sediments
(Blackwell Publishing, 2006-07-04)
The presence of gas hydrate in marine sediments alters their physical properties. In some circumstances, gas hydrate may cement sediment grains together and dramatically increase the seismic P- and S-wave velocities of the ...
Finite-frequency wave propagation through outer rise fault zones and seismic measurements of upper mantle hydration
(John Wiley & Sons, 2016-08-14)
Effects of serpentine-filled fault zones on seismic wave propagation in the upper mantle at the outer rise of subduction zones are evaluated using acoustic wave propagation models. Modeled wave speeds depend on azimuth, ...
Estimating hydrodynamic roughness in a wave-dominated environment with a high-resolution acoustic Doppler profiler
(American Geophysical Union, 2005-06-30)
Hydrodynamic roughness is a critical parameter for characterizing bottom drag in boundary layers, and it varies both spatially and temporally due to variation in grain size, bedforms, and saltating sediment. In this paper ...
Correction to “Elastic wave speeds and moduli in polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate”
(American Geophysical Union, 2009-04-10)
Duration and severity of Medieval drought in the Lake Tahoe Basin
(Elsevier B.V., 2001-09-16)
Droughts in the western U.S. in the past 200 years are small compared to several megadroughts that occurred during Medieval times. We reconstruct duration and magnitude of extreme droughts in the northern Sierra Nevada ...
Development of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport (COAWST) Modeling System
(Elsevier B.V., 2010-07-29)
Understanding the processes responsible for coastal change is important for managing our coastal resources, both natural and economic. The current scientific understanding of coastal sediment transport and geology suggests ...
Elastic wave speeds and moduli in polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate
(American Geophysical Union, 2009-02-27)
We used ultrasonic pulse transmission to measure compressional, P, and shear, S, wave speeds in laboratory-formed polycrystalline ice Ih, sI methane hydrate, and sII methane-ethane hydrate. From the wave speed's linear ...
Shoaling of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay
(American Geophysical Union, 2008-08-19)
The shoaling of the nonlinear internal tide in Massachusetts Bay is studied with a fully nonlinear and nonhydrostatic model. The results are compared with current and temperature observations obtained during the August ...
Storm-driven sediment transport in Massachusetts Bay
(Elsevier B.V., 2007-09-22)
Massachusetts Bay is a semi-enclosed embayment in the western Gulf of Maine about 50 km wide and 100 km long. Bottom sediment resuspension is controlled predominately by storm-induced surface waves and transport by the ...