The Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Geology Team is one of three marine teams that conduct research within the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program. USGS earth scientists explore and study many aspects of the underwater areas between shorelines and the deep ocean, off the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and in parts of the Caribbean and Great Lakes.

Learn more about the USGS Science Center for Coastal and Marine Geology.

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Recent Submissions

  • Advantages and limitations to the use of optical measurements to study sediment properties 

    Boss, Emmanuel S.; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Hill, Paul S.; Milligan, Tim (MDPI, 2018-12-19)
    Measurements of optical properties have been used for decades to study particle distributions in the ocean. They are useful for estimating suspended mass concentration as well as particle-related properties such as size, ...
  • Sediment transport model including short-lived radioisotopes: Model description and idealized test cases 

    Birchler, Justin J.; Harris, Courtney K.; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Kniskern, Tara A. (American Meteorological Society, 2018-11-27)
    Geochronologies derived from sediment cores in coastal locations are often used to infer event bed characteristics such as deposit thicknesses and accumulation rates. Such studies commonly use naturally occurring, short-lived ...
  • Impact of seabed resuspension on oxygen and nitrogen dynamics in the northern Gulf of Mexico : a numerical modeling study 

    Moriarty, Julia M.; Harris, Courtney K.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Fennel, Katja; Xu, Kehui (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-10-15)
    Resuspension affects water quality in coastal environments by entraining seabed organic matter into the water column, which can increase remineralization, alter seabed fluxes, decrease water clarity, and affect oxygen and ...
  • Salt marsh loss affects tides and the sediment budget in shallow bays 

    Donatelli, Carmine; Ganju, Neil K.; Zhang, Xiaohe; Fagherazzi, Sergio; Leonardi, Nicoletta (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-10-27)
    The current paradigm is that salt marshes and their important ecosystem services are threatened by global climate change; indeed, large marsh losses have been documented worldwide. Morphological changes associated with ...
  • Environmental controls, emergent scaling, and predictions of greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in coastal salt marshes 

    Abdul-Aziz, Omar I.; Ishtiaq, Khandker S.; Tang, Jianwu; Moseman-Valtierra, Serena M.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Mora, Jordan; Morkeski, Kate (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-07-28)
    Coastal salt marshes play an important role in mitigating global warming by removing atmospheric carbon at a high rate. We investigated the environmental controls and emergent scaling of major greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes ...
  • Deciphering the dynamics of inorganic carbon export from intertidal salt marshes using high-frequency measurements 

    Chu, Sophie N.; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Ganju, Neil K. (Elsevier, 2018-08-25)
    The lateral export of carbon from coastal marshes via tidal exchange is a key component of the marsh carbon budget and coastal carbon cycles. However, the magnitude of this export has been difficult to accurately quantify ...
  • Uncertainty in United States coastal wetland greenhouse gas inventorying 

    Holmquist, James R.; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Bernal, Blanca; Byrd, Kristin B.; Crooks, Stephen; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Herold, Nate; Knox, Sara H.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; McCombs, John; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Lu, Meng; Morris, James T.; Sutton-Grier, Ariana E.; Troxler, Tiffany G. (IOP Science, 2018-11-12)
    Coastal wetlands store carbon dioxide (CO2) and emit CO2 and methane (CH4) making them an important part of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventorying. In the contiguous United States (CONUS), a coastal wetland inventory was recently ...
  • Natural climate solutions for the United States 

    Fargione, Joseph E.; Bassett, Steven; Boucher, Timothy; Bridgham, Scott D.; Conant, Richard T.; Cook-Patton, Susan C.; Ellis, Peter W.; Falcucci, Alessandra; Fourqurean, James W.; Gopalakrishna, Trisha; Gu, Huan; Henderson, Benjamin; Hurteau, Matthew D.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Kroeger, Timm; Lark, Tyler J.; Leavitt, Sara M.; Lomax, Guy; McDonald, Robert I.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Miteva, Daniela A.; Richardson, Curtis J.; Sanderman, Jonathan; Shoch, David; Spawn, Seth A.; Veldman, Joseph W.; Williams, Christopher A.; Woodbury, Peter B.; Zganjar, Chris; Baranski, Marci; Elias, Patricia; Houghton, Richard A.; Landis, Emily; McGlynn, Emily; Schlesinger, William H.; Siikamaki, Juha V.; Sutton-Grier, Ariana E.; Griscom, Bronson W. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018-11-14)
    Limiting climate warming to <2°C requires increased mitigation efforts, including land stewardship, whose potential in the United States is poorly understood. We quantified the potential of natural climate solutions (NCS)—21 ...
  • Geomorphic process fingerprints in submarine canyons 

    Brothers, Daniel S.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Andrews, Brian D.; Chaytor, Jason D.; Twichell, David C. (Elsevier, 2013-02-07)
    Submarine canyons are common features of continental margins worldwide. They are conduits that funnel vast quantities of sediment from the continents to the deep sea. Though it is known that submarine canyons form primarily ...
  • Seismic evidence for a slab tear at the Puerto Rico Trench 

    Meighan, Hallie E.; Pulliam, Jay; ten Brink, Uri S.; Lopez-Venegas, Alberto M. (American Geophysical Union, 2013-06-14)
    The fore‐arc region of the northeast Caribbean plate north of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands has been the site of numerous seismic swarms since at least 1976. A 6 month deployment of five ocean bottom seismographs ...
  • Slab tears and intermediate‐depth seismicity 

    Meighan, Hallie E.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Pulliam, Jay (American Geophysical Union, 2013-08-12)
    Active tectonic regions where plate boundaries transition from subduction to strike slip can take several forms, such as triple junctions, acute, and obtuse corners. Well‐documented slab tears that are associated with high ...
  • Effects of 2010 Hurricane Earl amidst geologic evidence for greater overwash at Anegada, British Virgin Islands 

    Atwater, Brian F.; Fuentes, Zamara; Halley, Robert B.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Tuttle, Maritia P. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-03-07)
    A post-hurricane survey of a Caribbean island affords comparisons with geologic evidence for greater overwash at the same place. This comparison, though of limited application to other places, helps calibrate coastal geology ...
  • Geologic controls on submarine slope failure along the central U.S. Atlantic margin : insights from the Currituck Slide Complex 

    Hill, Jenna C.; Brothers, Daniel S.; Craig, Bradley K.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Chaytor, Jason D.; Flores, Claudia H. (2016-10)
    Multiple styles of failure, ranging from densely spaced, mass transport driven canyons to the large, slab-type slope failure of the Currituck Slide, characterize adjacent sections of the central U.S. Atlantic margin that ...
  • Contribution of hurricane-induced sediment resuspension to coastal oxygen dynamics 

    Bianucci, Laura; Balaguru, Karthik; Smith, Richard W.; Leung, L. Ruby; Moriarty, Julia M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-10-24)
    Hurricanes passing over the ocean can mix the water column down to great depths and resuspend massive volumes of sediments on the continental shelves. Consequently, organic carbon and reduced inorganic compounds associated ...
  • New seafloor map of the Puerto Rico trench helps assess earthquake and tsunami hazards 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Danforth, William W.; Polloni, Christopher; Andrews, Brian D.; Llanes, Pilar; Smith, Shepard; Parker, Eugene; Uozumi, Toshihiko (American Geophysical Union, 2004-09-14)
    The Puerto Rico Trench, the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean, is located where the North American (NOAM) plate is subducting under the Caribbean plate (Figure l). The trench region may pose significant seismic and tsunami ...
  • Graphical user interface for interactive seismic ray tracing 

    Song, Jianli; ten Brink, Uri S. (American Geophysical Union, 2005-03-01)
    RayGUI 2.0 is a new version of RayGUI, a graphical user interface (GUI) to the seismic travel time modeling program of Zelt and Smith [1992]. It represents a significant improvement over the previous version of RayGUI ...
  • The nature of the crust under Cayman Trough from gravity 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Coleman, Dwight F.; Dillon, William P. (Elsevier, 2003-01-21)
    Considerable crustal thickness variations are inferred along Cayman Trough, a slow-spreading ocean basin in the Caribbean Sea, from modeling of the gravity field. The crust to a distance of 50 km from the spreading center ...
  • Geophysical evidence for the evolution of the California Inner Continental Borderland as a metamorphic core complex 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Zhang, Jie; Brocher, Thomas M.; Okaya, David A.; Klitgord, Kim D.; Fuis, Gary S. (American Geophysical Union, 2000-03-10)
    We use new seismic and gravity data collected during the 1994 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE) to discuss the origin of the California Inner Continental Borderland (ICB) as an extended terrain possibly in a ...
  • An intercomparison of oceanic methane and nitrous oxide measurements 

    Wilson, Samuel T.; Bange, Hermann W.; Arévalo-Martínez, Damian L.; Barnes, Jonathan; Borges, Alberto V.; Brown, Ian; Bullister, John L.; Burgos, Macarena; Capelle, David W.; Casso, Michael A.; de la Paz, Mercedes; Farías, Laura; Fenwick, Lindsay; Ferrón, Sara; Garcia, Gerardo; Glockzin, Michael; Karl, David M.; Kock, Annette; Laperriere, Sarah; Law, Cliff S.; Manning, Cara C.; Marriner, Andrew; Myllykangas, Jukka-Pekka; Pohlman, John W.; Rees, Andrew P.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Tortell, Philippe D.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; Wisegarver, David P.; Zhang, Gui-Ling; Rehder, Gregor (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-10-05)
    Large-scale climatic forcing is impacting oceanic biogeochemical cycles and is expected to influence the water-column distribution of trace gases, including methane and nitrous oxide. Our ability as a scientific community ...
  • Author Correction : Accuracy and precision of tidal wetland soil carbon mapping in the conterminous United States 

    Holmquist, James R.; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Bliss, Norman B.; Crooks, Stephen; Morris, James T.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Troxler, Tiffany G.; Weller, Donald; Callaway, John; Drexler, Judith; Ferner, Matthew C.; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Schile-Beers, Lisa; Woo, Isa; Buffington, Kevin; Breithaupt, Joshua; Boyd, Brandon M.; Brown, Lauren N.; Dix, Nicole; Hice, Lyndie; Horton, Benjamin P.; MacDonald, Glen M.; Moyer, Ryan P.; Reay, William; Shaw, Timothy; Smith, Erik; Smoak, Joseph M.; Sommerfield, Christopher K.; Thorne, Karen; Velinsky, David; Watson, Elizabeth; Wilson Grimes, Kristin; Woodrey, Mark (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-10-09)
    This Article corrects an error in Equation 1

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