The Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Geology Team is one of three marine teams that conduct research within the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program. USGS earth scientists explore and study many aspects of the underwater areas between shorelines and the deep ocean, off the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and in parts of the Caribbean and Great Lakes.

Learn more about the USGS Science Center for Coastal and Marine Geology.

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Recent Submissions

  • Extreme waves in the British Virgin Islands during the last centuries before 1500 CE 

    Atwater, Brian F.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Cescon, Anna Lisa; Feuillet, Nathalie; Fuentes, Zamara; Halley, Robert S.; Nuñez, Carlos; Reinhardt, Eduard G.; Roger, Jean H.; Sawai, Yuki; Spiske, Michaela; Tuttle, Maritia P.; Wei, Yong; Weil-Accardo, Jennifer (Geological Society of America, 2017-03-17)
    Extraordinary marine inundation scattered clasts southward on the island of Anegada, 120 km south of the Puerto Rico Trench, sometime between 1200 and 1480 calibrated years (cal yr) CE. Many of these clasts were likely ...
  • Inner-shelf ocean dynamics and seafloor morphologic changes during Hurricane Sandy 

    Warner, John C.; Schwab, William C.; List, Jeffrey H.; Safak, Ilgar; Liste, Maria; Baldwin, Wayne E. (Elsevier, 2017-02-17)
    Hurricane Sandy was one of the most destructive hurricanes in US history, making landfall on the New Jersey coast on October 30, 2012. Storm impacts included several barrier island breaches, massive coastal erosion, and ...
  • The interaction of climate change and methane hydrates 

    Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Kessler, John D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-08)
    Gas hydrate, a frozen, naturally-occurring, and highly-concentrated form of methane, sequesters significant carbon in the global system and is stable only over a range of low-temperature and moderate-pressure conditions. ...
  • Spectral wave dissipation by submerged aquatic vegetation in a back-barrier estuary 

    Nowacki, Daniel J.; Beudin, Alexis; Ganju, Neil K. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-11)
    Submerged aquatic vegetation is generally thought to attenuate waves, but this interaction remains poorly characterized in shallow-water field settings with locally generated wind waves. Better quantification of wave–vegetation ...
  • Development of a coupled wave-flow-vegetation interaction model 

    Beudin, Alexis; Kalra, Tarandeep S.; Ganju, Neil K.; Warner, John C. (Elsevier, 2016-12-15)
    Emergent and submerged vegetation can significantly affect coastal hydrodynamics. However, most deterministic numerical models do not take into account their influence on currents, waves, and turbulence. In this paper, we ...
  • Effects of climate change and anthropogenic modification on a disturbance-dependent species in a large riverine system 

    Zeigler, Sara L.; Catlin, Daniel H.; Brown, Mary Bomberger; Fraser, James D.; Dinan, Lauren R.; Hunt, Kelsi L.; Jorgensen, Joel G.; Karpanty, Sarah M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-11)
    Humans have altered nearly every natural disturbance regime on the planet through climate and land-use change, and in many instances, these processes may have interacting effects. For example, projected shifts in temperature ...
  • Barrier island breach evolution : alongshore transport and bay-ocean pressure gradient interactions 

    Safak, Ilgar; Warner, John C.; List, Jeffrey H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-12-16)
    Physical processes controlling repeated openings and closures of a barrier island breach between a bay and the open ocean are studied using aerial photographs and atmospheric and hydrodynamic observations. The breach site ...
  • Dynamic reusable workflows for ocean science 

    Signell, Richard P.; Fernandes, Filipe; Wilcox, Kyle (MDPI AG, 2016-10-25)
    Digital catalogs of ocean data have been available for decades, but advances in standardized services and software for catalog searches and data access now make it possible to create catalog-driven workflows that ...
  • Observations and 3D hydrodynamics-based modeling of decadal-scale shoreline change along the Outer Banks, North Carolina 

    Safak, Ilgar; List, Jeffrey H.; Warner, John C.; Kumar, Nirnimesh (Elsevier, 2016-12-10)
    Long-term decadal-scale shoreline change is an important parameter for quantifying the stability of coastal systems. The decadal-scale coastal change is controlled by processes that occur on short time scales (such as ...
  • Salt marsh erosion rates and boundary features in a shallow Bay 

    Leonardi, Nicoletta; Defne, Zafer; Ganju, Neil K.; Fagherazzi, Sergio (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-22)
    Herein, we investigate the relationship between wind waves, salt marsh erosion rates, and the planar shape of marsh boundaries by using aerial images and the numerical model Coupled-Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment-Transport ...
  • Subsea ice-bearing permafrost on the U.S. Beaufort Margin : 2. Borehole constraints 

    Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Herman, Bruce M.; Brothers, Laura L.; Hart, Patrick E. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-11-04)
    Borehole logging data from legacy wells directly constrain the contemporary distribution of subsea permafrost in the sedimentary section at discrete locations on the U.S. Beaufort Margin and complement recent regional ...
  • Subsea ice-bearing permafrost on the U.S. Beaufort Margin : 1. Minimum seaward extent defined from multichannel seismic reflection data 

    Brothers, Laura L.; Herman, Bruce M.; Hart, Patrick E.; Ruppel, Carolyn D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-11-04)
    Subsea ice-bearing permafrost (IBPF) and associated gas hydrate in the Arctic have been subject to a warming climate and saline intrusion since the last transgression at the end of the Pleistocene. The consequent degradation ...
  • Quantification of storm-induced bathymetric change in a back-barrier estuary 

    Ganju, Neil K.; Suttles, Steven E.; Beudin, Alexis; Nowacki, Daniel J.; Miselis, Jennifer L.; Andrews, Brian D. (Springer, 2016-07-26)
    Geomorphology is a fundamental control on ecological and economic function of estuaries. However, relative to open coasts, there has been little quantification of storm-induced bathymetric change in back-barrier estuaries. ...
  • Spatially integrative metrics reveal hidden vulnerability of microtidal salt marshes 

    Ganju, Neil K.; Defne, Zafer; Kirwan, Matthew L.; Fagherazzi, Sergio; D’Alpaos, Andrea; Carniello, Luca (Nature Publishig Group, 2017-01-23)
    Salt marshes are valued for their ecosystem services, and their vulnerability is typically assessed through biotic and abiotic measurements at individual points on the landscape. However, lateral erosion can lead to rapid ...
  • Distribution of crustal types in Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean 

    Chian, Deping; Jackson, H. Ruth; Hutchinson, Deborah R.; Shimeld, John W.; Oakey, Gordon N.; Lebedeva-Ivanova, Nina; Li, Qingmou; Saltus, Richard W.; Mosher, David C. (2016-06-27)
    Seismic velocities determined from 70 sonobuoys widely distributed in Canada Basin were used to discriminate crustal types. Velocities of oceanic layer 3 (6.7 -7.1 km/s), transitional (7.2-7.6 km/s) and continental crust ...
  • Observations of seismicity and ground motion in the Northeast U.S. Atlantic Margin from ocean‐bottom seismometer data 

    Flores, Claudia H.; ten Brink, Uri S.; McGuire, Jeffrey J.; Collins, John A. (Seismological Society of America, 2016-11-02)
    Earthquake data from two short‐period ocean‐bottom seismometer (OBS) networks deployed for over a year on the continental slope off New York and southern New England were used to evaluate seismicity and ground motions along ...
  • Determining the flux of methane into Hudson Canyon at the edge of methane clathrate hydrate stability 

    Weinstein, Alexander; Navarrete, Luis; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Weber, Thomas C.; Leonte, Mihai; Kellermann, Matthias Y.; Arrington, Eleanor C.; Valentine, David L.; Scranton, Mary I.; Kessler, John D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-13)
    Methane seeps were investigated in Hudson Canyon, the largest shelf-break canyon on the northern U.S. Atlantic Margin. The seeps investigated are located at or updip of the nominal limit of methane clathrate hydrate ...
  • Submarine glacial landforms on the Bay of Fundy–northern Gulf of Maine continental shelf 

    Todd, Brian J.; Shaw, John; Valentine, Page C. (2016-11)
    The Bay of Fundy–northern Gulf of Maine region surrounds the southern part of Nova Scotia, encompassing, from west to east, the Bay of Fundy, Grand Manan Basin, German Bank, Browns Bank, Northeast Channel, and northeastern ...
  • Smartphone-based distributed data collection enables rapid assessment of shorebird habitat suitability 

    Thieler, E. Robert; Zeigler, Sara L.; Winslow, Luke A.; Hines, Megan K.; Read, Jordan S.; Walker, Jordan I. (Public Library of Science, 2016-11-09)
    Understanding and managing dynamic coastal landscapes for beach-dependent species requires biological and geological data across the range of relevant environments and habitats. It is difficult to acquire such information; ...
  • Decoupling processes and scales of shoreline morphodynamics 

    Hapke, Cheryl; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Henderson, Rachel E.; Schwab, William C.; Nelson, Timothy R. (Elsevier, 2016-08-24)
    Behavior of coastal systems on time scales ranging from single storm events to years and decades is controlled by both small-scale sediment transport processes and large-scale geologic, oceanographic, and morphologic ...

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