The Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Geology Team is one of three marine teams that conduct research within the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program. USGS earth scientists explore and study many aspects of the underwater areas between shorelines and the deep ocean, off the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and in parts of the Caribbean and Great Lakes.

Learn more about the USGS Science Center for Coastal and Marine Geology.

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Recent Submissions

  • Contribution of hurricane-induced sediment resuspension to coastal oxygen dynamics 

    Bianucci, Laura; Balaguru, Karthik; Smith, Richard W.; Leung, L. Ruby; Moriarty, Julia M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-10-24)
    Hurricanes passing over the ocean can mix the water column down to great depths and resuspend massive volumes of sediments on the continental shelves. Consequently, organic carbon and reduced inorganic compounds associated ...
  • New seafloor map of the Puerto Rico trench helps assess earthquake and tsunami hazards 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Danforth, William W.; Polloni, Christopher; Andrews, Brian D.; Llanes, Pilar; Smith, Shepard; Parker, Eugene; Uozumi, Toshihiko (American Geophysical Union, 2004-09-14)
    The Puerto Rico Trench, the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean, is located where the North American (NOAM) plate is subducting under the Caribbean plate (Figure l). The trench region may pose significant seismic and tsunami ...
  • Graphical user interface for interactive seismic ray tracing 

    Song, Jianli; ten Brink, Uri S. (American Geophysical Union, 2005-03-01)
    RayGUI 2.0 is a new version of RayGUI, a graphical user interface (GUI) to the seismic travel time modeling program of Zelt and Smith [1992]. It represents a significant improvement over the previous version of RayGUI ...
  • The nature of the crust under Cayman Trough from gravity 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Coleman, Dwight F.; Dillon, William P. (Elsevier, 2003-01-21)
    Considerable crustal thickness variations are inferred along Cayman Trough, a slow-spreading ocean basin in the Caribbean Sea, from modeling of the gravity field. The crust to a distance of 50 km from the spreading center ...
  • Geophysical evidence for the evolution of the California Inner Continental Borderland as a metamorphic core complex 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Zhang, Jie; Brocher, Thomas M.; Okaya, David A.; Klitgord, Kim D.; Fuis, Gary S. (American Geophysical Union, 2000-03-10)
    We use new seismic and gravity data collected during the 1994 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE) to discuss the origin of the California Inner Continental Borderland (ICB) as an extended terrain possibly in a ...
  • An intercomparison of oceanic methane and nitrous oxide measurements 

    Wilson, Samuel T.; Bange, Hermann W.; Arévalo-Martínez, Damian L.; Barnes, Jonathan; Borges, Alberto V.; Brown, Ian; Bullister, John L.; Burgos, Macarena; Capelle, David W.; Casso, Michael A.; de la Paz, Mercedes; Farías, Laura; Fenwick, Lindsay; Ferrón, Sara; Garcia, Gerardo; Glockzin, Michael; Karl, David M.; Kock, Annette; Laperriere, Sarah; Law, Cliff S.; Manning, Cara C.; Marriner, Andrew; Myllykangas, Jukka-Pekka; Pohlman, John W.; Rees, Andrew P.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Tortell, Philippe D.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; Wisegarver, David P.; Zhang, Gui-Ling; Rehder, Gregor (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-10-05)
    Large-scale climatic forcing is impacting oceanic biogeochemical cycles and is expected to influence the water-column distribution of trace gases, including methane and nitrous oxide. Our ability as a scientific community ...
  • Author Correction : Accuracy and precision of tidal wetland soil carbon mapping in the conterminous United States 

    Holmquist, James R.; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Bliss, Norman B.; Crooks, Stephen; Morris, James T.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Troxler, Tiffany; Weller, Donald; Callaway, John; Drexler, Judith; Ferner, Matthew C.; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Schile-Beers, Lisa; Woo, Isa; Buffington, Kevin; Breithaupt, Joshua; Boyd, Brandon M.; Brown, Lauren N.; Dix, Nicole; Hice, Lyndie; Horton, Benjamin P.; MacDonald, Glen M.; Moyer, Ryan P.; Reay, William; Shaw, Timothy; Smith, Erik; Smoak, Joseph M.; Sommerfield, Christopher K.; Thorne, Karen; Velinsky, David; Watson, Elizabeth; Wilson Grimes, Kristin; Woodrey, Mark (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-10-09)
    This Article corrects an error in Equation 1
  • Accuracy and precision of tidal wetland soil carbon mapping in the conterminous United States 

    Holmquist, James R.; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Bliss, Norman B.; Crooks, Stephen; Morris, James T.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Troxler, Tiffany; Weller, Donald; Callaway, John; Drexler, Judith; Ferner, Matthew C.; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Schile-Beers, Lisa; Woo, Isa; Buffington, Kevin; Breithaupt, Joshua; Boyd, Brandon M.; Brown, Lauren N.; Dix, Nicole; Hice, Lyndie; Horton, Benjamin P.; MacDonald, Glen M.; Moyer, Ryan P.; Reay, William; Shaw, Timothy; Smith, Erik; Smoak, Joseph M.; Sommerfield, Christopher K.; Thorne, Karen; Velinsky, David; Watson, Elizabeth; Wilson Grimes, Kristin; Woodrey, Mark (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-06-21)
    Tidal wetlands produce long-term soil organic carbon (C) stocks. Thus for carbon accounting purposes, we need accurate and precise information on the magnitude and spatial distribution of those stocks. We assembled and ...
  • Storm impacts on hydrodynamics and suspended-sediment fluxes in a microtidal back-barrier estuary 

    Nowacki, Daniel J.; Ganju, Neil K. (Elsevier, 2018-07-01)
    Recent major storms have piqued interest in understanding the responses of estuarine hydrodynamics and sediment transport to these events. To that end, flow velocity, wave characteristics, and suspended-sediment concentration ...
  • Impact of pore fluid chemistry on fine‐grained sediment fabric and compressibility 

    Jang, Junbong; Cao, Shuang C.; Stern, Laura A.; Kang, Jungwon; Waite, William F. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-07-17)
    Fines, defined here as grains or particles, less than 75 μm in diameter, exist nearly ubiquitously in natural sediment, even those classified as coarse. Macroscopic sediment properties, such as compressibility, which relates ...
  • Exploring US Mid-Atlantic Margin methane seeps : IMMeRSS, May 2017 

    Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Demopoulos, Amanda W. J.; Prouty, Nancy G. (The Oceanography Society, 2018-03)
  • Transient coastal landscapes : rising sea level threatens salt marshes 

    Valiela, Ivan; Lloret, Javier; Bowyer, Tynan; Miner, Simon; Remsen, David P.; Elmstrom, Elizabeth; Cogswell, Charlotte; Thieler, E. Robert (2018-05)
    Salt marshes are important coastal environments that provide key ecological services. As sea level rise has accelerated globally, concerns about the ability of salt marshes to survive submergence are increasing. Previous ...
  • Deformation of the Pacific/North America plate boundary at Queen Charlotte Fault : the possible role of rheology 

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Miller, Nathaniel C.; Andrews, Brian D.; Brothers, Daniel S.; Haeussler, Peter J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-03-30)
    The Pacific/North America (PA/NA) plate boundary between Vancouver Island and Alaska is similar to the PA/NA boundary in California in its kinematic history and the rate and azimuth of current relative motion, yet their ...
  • Remotely sensing the morphometrics and dynamics of a cold region dune field using historical aerial photography and airborne LIDAR data 

    Baughman, Carson A.; Jones, Benjamin M.; Bodony, Karin L.; Mann, Daniel H.; Larsen, Chris F.; Himelstoss, Emily; Smith, Jeremy (MDPI AG, 2018-05-19)
    This study uses an airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) survey, historical aerial photography and historical climate data to describe the character and dynamics of the Nogahabara Sand Dunes, a sub-Arctic dune field ...
  • Direct measurements of mean Reynolds stress and ripple roughness in the presence of energetic forcing by surface waves 

    Scully, Malcolm E.; Trowbridge, John H.; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Jones, Katie R.; Traykovski, Peter A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-04-10)
    Direct covariance observations of the mean flow Reynolds stress and sonar images of the seafloor collected on a wave‐exposed inner continental shelf demonstrate that the drag exerted by the seabed on the overlying flow is ...
  • Seagrass impact on sediment exchange between tidal flats and salt marsh, and the sediment budget of shallow bays 

    Donatelli, Carmine; Ganju, Neil K.; Fagherazzi, Sergio; Leonardi, Nicoletta (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-05-20)
    Seagrasses are marine flowering plants that strongly impact their physical and biological surroundings and are therefore frequently referred to as ecological engineers. The effect of seagrasses on coastal bay resilience ...
  • Cohesive and mixed sediment in the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS v3.6) implemented in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport Modeling System (COAWST r1234) 

    Sherwood, Christopher R.; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo L.; Harris, Courtney K.; Rinehimer, J. Paul; Verney, Romaric; Ferré, Bénédicte (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-05-14)
    We describe and demonstrate algorithms for treating cohesive and mixed sediment that have been added to the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS version 3.6), as implemented in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment ...
  • Carbon budget of tidal wetlands, estuaries, and shelf waters of eastern North America 

    Najjar, Raymond G.; Herrmann, Maria; Alexander, Richard; Boyer, Elizabeth W.; Burdige, David J.; Butman, David; Cai, Wei-Jun; Canuel, Elizabeth A.; Chen, Robert F.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Feagin, Russell A.; Griffith, Peter C.; Hinson, Audra L.; Holmquist, James R.; Hu, Xinping; Kemp, William M.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Mannino, Antonio; McCallister, S. Leigh; McGillis, Wade R.; Mulholland, Margaret R.; Pilskaln, Cynthia H.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Signorini, Sergio R.; St-Laurent, Pierre; Tian, Hanqin; Tzortziou, Maria; Vlahos, Penny; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Zimmerman, Richard C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-04-04)
    Carbon cycling in the coastal zone affects global carbon budgets and is critical for understanding the urgent issues of hypoxia, acidification, and tidal wetland loss. However, there are no regional carbon budgets spanning ...
  • Archie's saturation exponent for natural gas hydrate in coarse‐grained reservoirs 

    Cook, Ann E.; Waite, William F. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-02-17)
    Accurately quantifying the amount of naturally occurring gas hydrate in marine and permafrost environments is important for assessing its resource potential and understanding the role of gas hydrate in the global carbon ...
  • Limited contribution of ancient methane to surface waters of the U.S. Beaufort Sea shelf 

    Sparrow, Katy J.; Kessler, John D.; Southon, John R.; Garcia-Tigreros, Fenix; Schreiner, Kathryn M.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Miller, John B.; Lehman, Scott J.; Xu, Xiaomei (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018-01-17)
    In response to warming climate, methane can be released to Arctic Ocean sediment and waters from thawing subsea permafrost and decomposing methane hydrates. However, it is unknown whether methane derived from this sediment ...

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