Distribution of hydrocarbons in a salt marsh ecosystem after an oil spill and physiological changes in marsh animals from the polluted environment


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dc.contributor.author Burns, Kathryn A.
dc.coverage.spatial Buzzards Bay, MA
dc.coverage.spatial West Falmouth, MA
dc.date.accessioned 2007-04-02T19:17:58Z
dc.date.available 2007-04-02T19:17:58Z
dc.date.issued 1975-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/1541
dc.description Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution June, 1975 en
dc.description.abstract The studies described in this thesis were designed to answer several problems relating to the recovery of a salt marsh heavily polluted by an accidental spill of Number 2 fuel oil. Field and laboratory studies were conducted for 5 years comparing the oiled Wild Harbor Marsh with the unoiled Sippewissett Marsh, both on Buzzards Bay in Massachusetts. The data contributes information 1) on the incorporation of oil into the sediments and organisms at the oiled marsh, 2) on the residence times of certain components of the oil in the marsh ecosystem, 3) on changes in chemical composition of the oil with time due to physical and chemical weathering processes and biochemical degradation of hydrocarbons, 4) on the effects of oiled sediments on the population distribution, behavior, and survival of the intertidal fiddler crab, Uca pugnax, 5) on the relatively small ability of Uca to metabolize hydrocarbons, 6) on the presence of an inducible in vitro microsomal mixed function oxidase (MFO) enzyme system in the marsh minnow, Fundulus heteroclitus, 7) on the presence of high MFO rates in field populations of Fundulus exosed to hydrocarbon pollution, and 8) for the synthesis into a discussion of some of the physiological reasons for the relative sensitivity of marsh animals to oil pollution and their relative ability to adapt to an oil polluted environment. en
dc.description.sponsorship Support for my doctoral work was provided by The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Fish and Wildlife grant no. l4-l7-0007-ll28 (G), The Jesse-Smith Noyes Foundation, National Science Foundation Doctorai Dissertation Improvement grant no. GA 40987, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Education Program. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Theses en
dc.subject Salt marsh ecology en
dc.subject Oil pollution of rivers, harbors en
dc.subject Pollution physiological effect en
dc.title Distribution of hydrocarbons in a salt marsh ecosystem after an oil spill and physiological changes in marsh animals from the polluted environment en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/1541

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