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dc.contributor.authorDanielson, S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAagaard, Knut  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWeingartner, Thomas J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMartin, S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWinsor, Peter  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGawarkiewicz, Glen G.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorQuadfasel, Detlef R.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2006-10-24T14:51:36Z
dc.date.available2006-10-24T14:51:36Z
dc.date.issued2006-09-19
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research 111 (2006): C09023
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/1276
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2006. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 111 (2006): C09023, doi:10.1029/2005JC003268.en
dc.description.abstractUsing 14 year-long instrumented moorings deployed south of St. Lawrence Island, along with oceanographic drifters, we investigate the circulation over the central Bering shelf and the role of polynyas in forming and disseminating saline waters over the shelf. We focus also on evaluating the Gawarkiewicz and Chapman [1995] model of eddy production within coastal polynyas. Principal results include: 1) The northern central shelf near-surface waters exhibit westward flow carrying low-salinity waters from the Alaskan coast in fall and early winter, with consequences for water mass formation and biological production. 2) Within the St. Lawrence polynya, the freshening effect of winter advection is about half as large as the salting effect of surface brine flux resulting from freezing. 3) Brine production over the Bering shelf occurs primarily offshore, rather than within coastal polynyas, even though ice production per unit area is much larger within the polynyas. 4) We find little evidence for the geostrophic flow adjustment predicted by recent polynya models. 5) In contrast to the theoretical prediction that dense water from the polynya is carried offshore by eddies, we find negligible cross-shelf eddy density fluxes within and surrounding the polynya and very low levels of eddy energy that decreased from fall to winter, even though dense water accumulated within the polynya and large cross-shore density gradients developed. 6) It is possible that dense polynya water was advected downstream of our array before appreciable eddy fluxes materialized.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by National Science Foundation grant OCE9730697 to the University of Alaska and grant OCE9730823 to the University of Washington. S. M. acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation under OCE9811097 and of NASA under grant NNG04GM69G. The University of Hamburg contributions were funded by the Bundesminister für Bildung und Wissenschaft. Funding for the drifter deployment was made possible by the North Pacific Research Board, grant NPMRI T2130. Manuscript preparation was additionally supported by Office of Naval Research grants N00014-99-1-0345 and N00014-02-1-0305 to the University of Washington.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2005JC003268
dc.titleThe St. Lawrence polynya and the Bering shelf circulation : new observations and a model comparisonen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2005JC003268


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