Eastern Pacific Warm Pool paleosalinity and climate variability : 0–30 kyr
Table S3: Listing of down core isotope and Mg/Ca data for ME0005A-43JC, shown in Figures 3 and 4. (5.008Kb)
Benway, Heather M.
Mix, Alan C.
Haley, Brian A.
Klinkhammer, Gary P.
MetadataShow full item record
Multi-proxy geologic records of δ18O and Mg/Ca in fossil foraminifera from sediments under the Eastern Pacific Warm Pool (EPWP) region west of Central America document variations in upper ocean temperature, pycnocline strength, and salinity (i.e., net precipitation) over the past 30 ky. Although evident in the paleotemperature record, there is no glacial-interglacial difference in paleosalinity, suggesting that tropical hydrologic changes do not respond passively to high-latitude ice sheets and oceans. Millennial variations in paleosalinity with amplitudes as high as ~4 PSU occur with a dominant period of ~3-5 ky during the glacial/deglacial interval and ~1.0-1.5 ky during the Holocene. The amplitude of the EPWP paleosalinity changes greatly exceeds that of published Caribbean and western tropical Pacific paleosalinity records. EPWP paleosalinity changes correspond to millennial-scale climate changes in the surface and deep Atlantic and the high northern latitudes, with generally higher (lower) paleosalinity during cold (warm) events. In addition to Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) dynamics, which play an important role in tropical hydrologic variability, changes in Atlantic-Pacific moisture transport, which is closely linked to ITCZ dynamics, may also contribute to hydrologic variations in the EPWP. Calculations of interbasin salinity average and interbasin salinity contrast between the EPWP and the Caribbean help differentiate long-term changes in mean ITCZ position and Atlantic-Pacific moisture transport, respectively.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2006. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 21 (2006): PA3008, doi:10.1029/2005PA001208.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Challenges and prospects for reducing coupled climate model SST biases in the eastern tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans : the U.S. CLIVAR Eastern Tropical Oceans Synthesis Working Group Zuidema, Paquita; Chang, Ping; Medeiros, Brian; Kirtman, Benjamin; Mechoso, Roberto; Schneider, Edwin K.; Toniazzo, Thomas; Richter, Ingo; Small, R. Justin; Bellomo, Katinka; Brandt, Peter; de Szoeke, Simon; Farrar, J. Thomas; Jung, Eunsil; Kato, Seiji; Li, Mingkui; Patricola, Christina; Wang, Zaiyu; Wood, Robert; Xu, Zhao (American Meteorological Society, 2017-01-12)Well-known problems trouble coupled general circulation models of the eastern Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins. Model climates are significantly more symmetric about the equator than is observed. Model sea surface ...
Export fluxes of calcite in the eastern equatorial Pacific from the Last Glacial Maximum to present Loubere, Paul; Mekik, Figen; Francois, Roger; Pichat, Sylvain (American Geophysical Union, 2004-06-12)The eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP) is an important center of biological productivity, generating significant organic carbon and calcite fluxes to the deep ocean. We reconstructed paleocalcite flux for the past 30,000 ...
Czeschel, Rena; Stramma, Lothar; Weller, Robert A.; Fischer, Tim (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2015-06-22)A large subsurface oxygen deficiency zone is located in the eastern tropical South Pacific Ocean (ETSP). The large-scale circulation in the eastern equatorial Pacific and off the coast of Peru in November/December 2012 ...