Osmium isotope systematics of the Proterozoic and Phanerozoic ophiolitic chromitites : in situ ion probe analysis of primary Os-rich PGM
Ahmed, Ahmed H.
Kelemen, Peter B.
Hart, Stanley R.
MetadataShow full item record
In-situ 187Os/188Os ratios are determined on Os-rich platinum-group minerals in podiform chromitites both in the Proterozoic ophiolite, Eastern Desert, Egypt, and in the Phanerozoic Oman ophiolite. Because they have very low Re/Os, these primary minerals reflect the initial 187Os/188Os ratios of their parental magmas. The platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the central Eastern Desert chromitites exhibit sub-chondritic to chondritic 187Os/188Os ratios, 0.1226 on average, which is lower than the primitive upper mantle evolution trend of a comparable age. Those of the southern Eastern Desert chromitites have more radiogenic Os, with supra-chondritic 187Os/188Os ratio of about 0.1293 on average, which could be due to crustal contamination. The three chromitite types in the northern part of the Oman ophiolite are almost indistinguishable in terms of their 187Os/188Os ratios; they have overlapping values ranging from sub-chondritic to supra-chondritic ratios. The PGE-rich, mantle chromitite samples have a wide range of 187Os/188Os ratio from 0.1230 up to 0.1376, with an average of 0.1299. The values of the PGE-poor mantle chromitites overlap in their 187Os/188Os ratios with PGE-rich chromites, but are less variable and have a significantly higher average ratio. The Moho transition zone (MTZ) chromitites are highly variable in the 187Os/188Os ratio, ranging from 0.1208 up to 0.1459. The wide range of 187Os/188Os ratios, from 0.1192 to 0.1459, in platinum-group minerals in Egyptian and Oman ophiolites can be attributed to the diversity of origin of their podiform chromitites. The Os-isotope data combined with spinel chemistry indicate that the way involved in podiform chromitite formation was not substantially different between the Proterozoic ophiolite of Egypt and the Phanerozoic ophiolite in northern Oman. The Os-isotope compositions of the mantle chromitites in the Proterozoic ophiolite of Egypt clearly suggest crustal contamination. The heterogeneity of 187Os/188Os ratios combined with the spinel chemistry and high PGE contents of the PGE-rich chromitite in the Oman ophiolite may give reliable evidence for high degree partial melting at a supra-subduction zone setting. Crustal contamination from the subducted slab, and assimilation of previously altered, lower crustal gabbro, may have contributed to the high Cr# spinel and radiogenic Os characteristics in chromitite formed in the mantle section and along the Moho transition zone, respectively.
Author Posting. © Elsevier B.V., 2006. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters 245 (2006): 777-791, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.03.021.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Observations of Li isotopic variations in the Trinity Ophiolite : evidence for isotopic fractionation by diffusion during mantle melting Lundstrom, Craig C.; Chaussidon, Marc; Hsui, Albert T.; Kelemen, Peter B.; Zimmerman, Mark (2004-08-10)The Trinity peridotite (northern CA) contains numerous lithologic sequences consisting of dunite to harzburgite to spinel lherzolite to plagioclase lherzolite. Previous workers have documented geochemical gradients in these ...
Loose, Brice; Jenkins, William J.; Moriarty, Roisin; Brown, Peter; Jullion, Loic; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Valdes, Sinhue Torres; Hoppema, Mario; Ballentine, Chris; Meredith, Michael P. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-08-18)The distribution of noble gases and helium isotopes in the dense shelf waters of Antarctica reflects the boundary conditions near the ocean surface: air-sea exchange, sea ice formation, and subsurface ice melt. We use a ...
Evidence from diatom-bound nitrogen isotopes for subarctic Pacific stratification during the last ice age and a link to North Pacific denitrification changes Brunelle, Brigitte G.; Sigman, Daniel M.; Cook, Mea S.; Keigwin, Lloyd D.; Haug, Gerald H.; Plessen, Birgit; Schettler, Georg; Jaccard, Samuel L. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-03-02)In a piston core from the central Bering Sea, diatom microfossil-bound N isotopes and the concentrations of opal, biogenic barium, calcium carbonate, and organic N are measured over the last glacial/interglacial cycle. ...