Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program (GFD)
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The GFD Program began in 1959 at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution with the aim of introducing a then relatively new topic in mathematical physics, geophysical fluid dynamics, to graduate students in physical sciences. It has been held each summer since and promotes an exchange of ideas among the many distinct fields that share a common interest in the nonlinear dynamics of rotating, stratified fluids. These fields include classical fluid dynamics, physical oceanography, meteorology, astrophysics, planetary atmospheres, geological fluid dynamics, hydromagnetics, and applied mathematics.
Recent Submissions

2013 program of study : buoyancydriven flows
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201405)The 2013 Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Summer Study Program theme was Buoyancy Driven Flows. Professor Paul Linden of the University of Cambridge was the principal lecturer. He ably introduced the topic from simple beginnings ... 
2012 program of study : coherent structures
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201311)The 2012 GFD Program theme was Coherent structures with Professors Jeffrey Weiss of the University of Colorado at Boulder and Edgar Knobloch of the University of California at Berkeley serving as principal lecturers. ... 
2011 program of study : shear turbulence : onset and structure
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201108)The theme for the Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics for the summer of 2011 was Shear Turbulence: onset and structure. Ten days of principal lectures by FabianWale e and Rich Kerswell began the summer, and a large ... 
2010 program of study : swirling and swimming in turbulence
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201106)Swirling and Swimming in Turbulence was the theme at the 2010 GFD Program. Professors Glenn Flierl (M.I.T.), Antonello Provenzale (ISACCNR, Turin) and JeanLuc Thiffeault (University of Wisconsin) were the principal ... 
2009 program of studies : nonlinear waves
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201001)The fiftieth year of the program was dedicated to Nonlinear Waves, a topic with many applications in geophysical fluid dynamics. The principal lectures were given jointly by Roger Grimshaw and Harvey Segur and between ... 
1979 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics : the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution : notes on polar oceanography
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 197911)The emphasis in this year's GFD program has been somewhat different from the past. We have tried to expose a theoretically oriented audience to the new body of observations pertaining to the Arctic and Antarctic ... 
Notes on the 1978 summer study program on dynamo models of geomagnetism in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 197811)This was the twentieth Geophysical Fluid Dynamics program at Woods Hole. Stephen Childress of the Courant Institute was our principal lecturer. Dynamo theory, with all its interdisciplinary facets was our central theme. ... 
Notes on the 1977 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 197712)The lectures by Marten Landahl, recorded in the first part of this report, served as the introduction to the study of turbulence which was the principal theme of the nineteenth summer program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics ... 
Notes on the 1975 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975)The central topic of this seventeenth Geophysical Fluid Dynamics program was fluid motion in the earth's mantle and core. Our principal lecturer, Dan McKenzie, first addressed himself to the task of separating solid ... 
Notes on the 1974 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1974)This year the central topic was the general circulation of the oceans. Some of the basic ideas used in winddriven and thermohaline studies were presented in the introductory course of lectures and simple models that ... 
Notes on the 1970 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1970)The principal lectures of this twelfth Summer Program were given by Joseph Pedlosky of the University of Chicago. On the following page one sees Dr. Pedlosky demonstrating advanced effects caused by rotation and ... 
Notes on the 1972 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1972)The effect of gravity on fluids of varying density is of fundamental importance in natural flows. This subject formed the topic of concentration for the fourteenth summer program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the ... 
Notes on the 1971 summer study program in geophysical fluid dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1971)A topic, such as planetary atmospheric dynamics, is necessarily a speculative one because of the extreme difficulty of obtaining detailed observations. A single datum is often responsible for several "theories". Andy ... 
Notes on the 1973 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1973)Nonlinear wave interactions formed the theme of the fifteenth summer program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Owen Phillips was our principal lecturer on this subject, He chose ... 
Notes on the 1969 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1969)The principal theme of this eleventh Summer Program has been Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics. As in the past, we have explored the region of overlap in technique and theory of our summer theme and other aspects of Fluid ... 
Notes on the 1968 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1968)The general circulation of the oceans was the topic of concentration for the 1968 WHOI Summer Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 
Notes on the 1966 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1966)The lecturers, Drs. Howard, Stern and Veronis, have introduced the participants to several aspects of geophysical fluid dynamics at the frontiers of current research. Their choice of topic and its development was to ... 
Notes on the 1965 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1965) 
Notes on the 1964 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1964)Two distinctive features of largescale geophysical flows are that they are dominated by the earth's rotation and that they are turbulent. This year's lecture program was an exploration of recent achievements in the ... 
Notes on the 1963 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1963)This year's lectures by Derek Moore form a detailed report of investigations on the fluid motion caused by the motion of a body in a homogeneous rotating fluid. The emphasis has been on the significance of the TaylorProudman ...