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dc.contributor.authorOlabarrieta, Maitane  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGeyer, W. Rockwell  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCoco, Giovanni  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFriedrichs, Carl T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCao, Zhendong  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationOlabarrieta, M., Geyer, W. R., Coco, G., Friedrichs, C. T., & Cao, Z. (2018). Effects of density-driven flows on the long-term morphodynamic evolution of funnel-shaped estuaries. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 123, 2901–2924.en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Effects of density-driven flows on the long-term morphodynamic evolution of funnel-shaped estuaries. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 123, (2018): 2901–2924, doi:10.1029/2017JF004527.en_US
dc.description.abstractSubtidal flows driven by density gradients affect the tide‐averaged sediment transport in estuaries and, therefore, can influence their long‐term morphodynamic evolution. The three‐dimensional Coupled Ocean‐Atmosphere‐Wave‐Sediment Transport modeling system is applied to numerically analyze the effects of baroclinicity and Earth's rotation on the long‐term morphodynamic evolution of idealized funnel‐shaped estuaries. The morphodynamic evolution in all the analyzed cases reproduced structures identified in many tide‐dominated estuaries: a meandering region in the fluvial‐tidal transition zone, a tidal maximum area close to the head, and a turbidity maxima region in the brackish zone. As the morphology of the estuaries evolved, the tidal propagation (including its asymmetry), the salinity gradient, and the strength of subtidal flows changed, which reflects the strong bathymetric control of these systems. The comparison with barotropic simulations showed that the three‐dimensional structure of the flow (induced by density gradients) has leading order effects on the morphodynamic evolution. Density gradient‐driven subtidal flows (1) promote near‐bed flood dominance and, consequently, the import of sediment into the estuary, (2) accelerate the morphodynamic evolution of the upper/middle estuary, (3) promote a more concave shape of the upper estuary and reduce the ebb‐tidal delta volume, and (4) produce an asymmetric bathymetry and inhibit the formation of alternate bars that would form under barotropic conditions. This latter effect is the consequence of the combined effect of Earth's rotation and baroclinicity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are grateful to all the developers of the COAWST, ROMS, and CSTMS modeling systems. M. O. acknowledges support from NSF project OCE‐1554892. W. R. G. acknowledges support from NFS project OCE‐1634480. C. T. F. acknowledges support from NSF project OCE‐1459708. Z. C. acknowledges the University of Florida for supporting his PhD, through a Graduate Fellow Scholarship. COAWST is an open source code and can be downloaded as explained in the following website: Model results and scripts to create the figures are accessible in the Figshare repository (DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.5975164).en_US
dc.publisherThe Authorsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectestuarine morphodynamic evolutionen_US
dc.subjectdensity gradient‐driven flowsen_US
dc.subjectlong‐term morphodynamicsen_US
dc.subjectCOAWST modelen_US
dc.titleEffects of density-driven flows on the long-term morphodynamic evolution of funnel-shaped estuariesen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/ 2017JF004527

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