How data set characteristics influence ocean carbon export models
Siegel, David A.
Cael, B. Barry
Buesseler, Ken O.
MetadataShow full item record
Ocean biological processes mediate the transport of roughly 10 petagrams of carbon from the surface to the deep ocean each year and thus play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Even so, the globally integrated rate of carbon export out of the surface ocean remains highly uncertain. Quantifying the processes underlying this biological carbon export requires a synthesis between model predictions and available observations of particulate organic carbon (POC) flux; yet the scale dissimilarities between models and observations make this synthesis difficult. Here we compare carbon export predictions from a mechanistic model with observations of POC fluxes from several data sets compiled from the literature spanning different space, time, and depth scales as well as using different observational methodologies. We optimize model parameters to provide the best match between model‐predicted and observed POC fluxes, explicitly accounting for sources of error associated with each data set. Model‐predicted globally integrated values of POC flux at the base of the euphotic layer range from 3.8 to 5.5 Pg C/year, depending on the data set used to optimize the model. Modeled carbon export pathways also vary depending on the data set used to optimize the model, as well as the satellite net primary production data product used to drive the model. These findings highlight the importance of collecting field data that average over the substantial natural temporal and spatial variability in carbon export fluxes, and advancing satellite algorithms for ocean net primary production, in order to improve predictions of biological carbon export.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2018. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles 32 (2018): 1312-1328, doi:10.1029/2018GB005934.
Suggested CitationGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles 32 (2018): 1312-1328
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks : results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model Thornton, Peter E.; Doney, Scott C.; Lindsay, Keith; Moore, J. Keith; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Randerson, James T.; Fung, Inez Y.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Feddema, J. J.; Lee, Y.-H. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2009-10-08)Inclusion of fundamental ecological interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles in the land component of an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) leads to decreased carbon uptake associated with CO2 ...
Desert dust and anthropogenic aerosol interactions in the Community Climate System Model coupled-carbon-climate model Mahowald, Natalie M.; Lindsay, Keith; Rothenberg, D.; Doney, Scott C.; Moore, J. Keith; Thornton, Peter E.; Randerson, James T.; Jones, C. D. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2011-02-15)Coupled-carbon-climate simulations are an essential tool for predicting the impact of human activity onto the climate and biogeochemistry. Here we incorporate prognostic desert dust and anthropogenic aerosols into the ...
Kettle, A. James (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1994-06)A field experiment demonstrated the presence of a diurnal cycle in the concentration of carbon monoxide ([CO]) in the upper ocean at the BATS site. A series of laboratory experiments and numerical simulations were carried ...