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dc.contributor.authorRenner, Angelika H. H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSundfjord, Arild  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJanout, Markus A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorIngvaldsen, Randi B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBeszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPickart, Robert S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Hernández, M. Dolores  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123 (2018): 6373-6391en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123 (2018): 6373-6391, doi:10.1029/2018JC013814.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe quantify Atlantic Water heat loss north of Svalbard using year‐long hydrographic and current records from three moorings deployed across the Svalbard Branch of the Atlantic Water boundary current in 2012–2013. The boundary current loses annually on average 16 W m−2 during the eastward propagation along the upper continental slope. The largest vertical fluxes of >100 W m−2 occur episodically in autumn and early winter. Episodes of sea ice imported from the north in November 2012 and February 2013 coincided with large ocean‐to‐ice heat fluxes, which effectively melted the ice and sustained open water conditions in the middle of the Arctic winter. Between March and early July 2013, a persistent ice cover‐modulated air‐sea fluxes. Melting sea ice at the start of the winter initiates a cold, up to 100‐m‐deep halocline separating the ice cover from the warm Atlantic Water. Semidiurnal tides dominate the energy over the upper part of the slope. The vertical tidal structure depends on stratification and varies seasonally, with the potential to contribute to vertical fluxes with shear‐driven mixing. Further processes impacting the heat budget include lateral heat loss due to mesoscale eddies, and modest and negligible contributions of Ekman pumping and shelf break upwelling, respectively. The continental slope north of Svalbard is a key example regarding the role of ocean heat for the sea ice cover. Our study underlines the complexity of the ocean's heat budget that is sensitive to the balance between oceanic heat advection, vertical fluxes, air‐sea interaction, and the sea ice cover.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipArctic Ocean program at the FRAM-High North Research Centre for Climate and the environment; National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant Number: ARC-1264098; Polish-Norwegian Research Programme Grant Number: POL-NOR/202006/10/2013; Research Council of Norway Grant Number: 276730; Steven Grossman Family Foundationen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectAtlantic Wateren_US
dc.subjectArctic Oceanen_US
dc.subjectHeat fluxen_US
dc.subjectNansen Basinen_US
dc.subjectBoundary currenten_US
dc.titleVariability and redistribution of heat in the Atlantic Water boundary current north of Svalbarden_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International