An acoustic sensor of velocity for benthic boundary layer studies
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The techniques of flow measurement which have been successful in laboratory studies of boundary layer turbulence are difficult to use in the ocean; and the current meters penerally used in the ocean are not suited to measuring bottom boundary layer flow . A suitable sensor for bottom turbulence measurements should measure vector components, respond linearly to these components, maintain an accurate zero point, disturb the flow negligibly or in a well predicted way, and sense a small enough volume to represent the important scales of the flow. We have constructed an acoustic travel time sensor in a configuration that will allow vector components of the flow to be measured with sufficient accuracy to compute Reynolds stress at a point 50 cm above the bottom. This sensor responds linearly to horizontal and vertical flows in flume tests. When the flow is neither horizontal nor vertical, the wake from one acoustic transducer may interfere with the measurement along one sensing path but there is sufficient redundancy in the determination to reject this path and still resolve the vector velocity. An instrument· using four of these sensors is being designed to measure Reynolds stress in the lower six meters of the ocean.
Also published in: Proceedings of the 8th International Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics
Suggested CitationTechnical Report: Williams, Albert J., Tochko, John Steven, "An acoustic sensor of velocity for benthic boundary layer studies", 1978-04, DOI:10.1575/1912/10590, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/10590
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