Climate change and functional traits affect population dynamics of a long‐lived seabird
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordBirds; Climate change; Foraging behaviours; Non‐breeding season; Phenotypic traits; Pre‐breeding season; Timing of breeding; Wing length
Recent studies unravelled the effect of climate changes on populations through their impact on functional traits and demographic rates in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, but such understanding in marine ecosystems remains incomplete. Here, we evaluate the impact of the combined effects of climate and functional traits on population dynamics of a long‐lived migratory seabird breeding in the southern ocean: the black‐browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris, BBA). We address the following prospective question: “Of all the changes in the climate and functional traits, which would produce the biggest impact on the BBA population growth rate?” We develop a structured matrix population model that includes the effect of climate and functional traits on the complete BBA life cycle. A detailed sensitivity analysis is conducted to understand the main pathway by which climate and functional trait changes affect the population growth rate. The population growth rate of BBA is driven by the combined effects of climate over various seasons and multiple functional traits with carry‐over effects across seasons on demographic processes. Changes in sea surface temperature (SST) during late winter cause the biggest changes in the population growth rate, through their effect on juvenile survival. Adults appeared to respond to changes in winter climate conditions by adapting their migratory schedule rather than by modifying their at‐sea foraging activity. However, the sensitivity of the population growth rate to SST affecting BBA migratory schedule is small. BBA foraging activity during the pre‐breeding period has the biggest impact on population growth rate among functional traits. Finally, changes in SST during the breeding season have little effect on the population growth rate. These results highlight the importance of early life histories and carry‐over effects of climate and functional traits on demographic rates across multiple seasons in population response to climate change. Robust conclusions about the roles of various phases of the life cycle and functional traits in population response to climate change rely on an understanding of the relationships of traits to demographic rates across the complete life cycle.
© The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Journal of Animal Ecology 87 (2018): 906-920, doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12827.
Suggested CitationJournal of Animal Ecology 87 (2018): 906-920
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Continuous movement behavior of humpback whales during the breeding season in the southwest Indian Ocean : on the road again! Dulau-Drouot, Violaine; Pinet, Patrick; Geyer, Ygor; Fayan, Jacques; Mongin, Philippe; Cottarel, Guillaume; Zerbini, Alexandre N.; Cerchio, Salvatore (BioMed Central, 2017-05-01)Humpback whales are known to undertake long-distance migration between feeding and breeding sites, but their movement behavior within their breeding range is still poorly known. Satellite telemetry was used to investigate ...
Samanta, Dhrubajyoti; Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Goodkin, Nathalie F.; Coats, Sloan; Smerdon, Jason E.; Zhang, Lei (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-10-07)Coupled general circulation model (GCM) biases in the tropical Pacific are substantial, including a westward extended cold sea surface temperature (SST) bias linked to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Investigation of ...
Rethinking ‘normal’ : the role of stochasticity in the phenology of a synchronously breeding seabird Youngflesh, Casey; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Hinke, Jefferson T.; DuBois, Lauren; St. Leger, Judy A.; Trivelpiece, Wayne Z.; Trivelpiece, Susan G.; Lynch, Heather J. (2017-12)Phenological changes have been observed in a variety of systems over the past century. There is concern that, as a consequence, ecological interactions are becoming increasingly mismatched in time, with negative consequences ...