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dc.contributor.authorTagliabue, Alessandro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHawco, Nicholas J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBundy, Randelle M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLanding, William M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMilne, Angela  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMorton, Peter L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Mak A.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles 32 (2018): 594-616en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles 32 (2018): 594-616, doi:10.1002/2017GB005830.en_US
dc.description.abstractCobalt is an important micronutrient for ocean microbes as it is present in vitamin B12 and is a co‐factor in various metalloenzymes that catalyze cellular processes. Moreover, when seawater availability of cobalt is compared to biological demands, cobalt emerges as being depleted in seawater, pointing to a potentially important limiting role. To properly account for the potential biological role for cobalt, there is therefore a need to understand the processes driving the biogeochemical cycling of cobalt and, in particular, the balance between external inputs and internal cycling. To do so, we developed the first cobalt model within a state‐of‐the‐art three‐dimensional global ocean biogeochemical model. Overall, our model does a good job in reproducing measurements with a correlation coefficient of >0.7 in the surface and >0.5 at depth. We find that continental margins are the dominant source of cobalt, with a crucial role played by supply under low bottom‐water oxygen conditions. The basin‐scale distribution of cobalt supplied from margins is facilitated by the activity of manganese‐oxidizing bacteria being suppressed under low oxygen and low temperatures, which extends the residence time of cobalt. Overall, we find a residence time of 7 and 250 years in the upper 250 m and global ocean, respectively. Importantly, we find that the dominant internal resupply process switches from regeneration and recycling of particulate cobalt to dissolution of scavenged cobalt between the upper ocean and the ocean interior. Our model highlights key regions of the ocean where biological activity may be most sensitive to cobalt availability.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEC | H2020 | H2020 Priority Excellent Science | H2020 European Research Council (ERC) Grant Number: 724289; Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Grant Number: NE/N001079/1; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Grant Number: 3738; NSF OCE Grant Numbers: 0929919, 0752832, 0649639, 0223378, 1658030, 1736599; NERC Grant Number: NE/N001079/1; European Research Council Grant Number: 724289en_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectTrace elementsen_US
dc.titleThe role of external inputs and internal cycling in shaping the global ocean cobalt distribution : insights from the first cobalt biogeochemical modelen_US

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International