Construction of Parflux Mark II sediment trap : engineering report
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A large, open ocean applicable sediment trap has been developed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in order to assess the fluxes of particles sinking through the deep water column, under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation. PARFLUX Mark II trap, 1978-79 version for PARFLUX phase 1 program, has been successfully developed and has gathered much meaningful data. A trap opening is 1.5 m2 and consists of 94 hexagonal buffer cells with the nominal form ratio of 2. Sediment particles are concentrated to the receiving cup located at the bottom of the funnel-shaped trap. Two types of receiving cups have been developed; a trap with Type S cup is open at both ends as it sinks to the designated depth. Twenty-four hours after the deployment the receiving cup moves into alignment with the funnel to store the sediment. At the end of deployment a spring mechanism activated by a quartz oscillator based electrical timer-release retracts the receiving cup, seals the collected sample and leave the funnel open at both ends while the trap ascends for recovery. Type C mechanism is installed with a shutter which seals the cup during recovery; this type involves a simple mechanism with less moving parts. Sodium azide/sodium chloride solution is diffused through a series of membrane filters to keep the cup contents in an aseptic condition. Since October 1976 to December 1979, we have deployed and recovered 24 traps successfully along with several moorings as deep as 5,600 m for as long as 112 days. This reports the engineering detail and lists the required parts to assist the construction, operation and maintenance of the PARFLUX Mark II sediment trap.
Suggested CitationTechnical Report: Honjo, Susumu, Connell, John F., "Construction of Parflux Mark II sediment trap : engineering report", 1979-11, DOI:10.1575/1912/10352, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/10352
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