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dc.contributor.authorMullineaux, Lauren S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMetaxas, Anna  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBeaulieu, Stace E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBright, Monika  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGollner, Sabine  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGrupe, Benjamin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHerrera, Santiago  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKellner, Julie B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLevin, Lisa A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMitarai, Satoshi  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNeubert, Michael G.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorThurnherr, Andreas M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTunnicliffe, Verena  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWatanabe, Hiromi K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWon, Yong-Jin  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Marine Science 5 (2018): 49en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Frontiers in Marine Science 5 (2018): 49, doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00049.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpecies inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vents are strongly influenced by the geological setting, as it provides the chemical-rich fluids supporting the food web, creates the patchwork of seafloor habitat, and generates catastrophic disturbances that can eradicate entire communities. The patches of vent habitat host a network of communities (a metacommunity) connected by dispersal of planktonic larvae. The dynamics of the metacommunity are influenced not only by birth rates, death rates and interactions of populations at the local site, but also by regional influences on dispersal from different sites. The connections to other communities provide a mechanism for dynamics at a local site to affect features of the regional biota. In this paper, we explore the challenges and potential benefits of applying metacommunity theory to vent communities, with a particular focus on effects of disturbance. We synthesize field observations to inform models and identify data gaps that need to be addressed to answer key questions including: (1) what is the influence of the magnitude and rate of disturbance on ecological attributes, such as time to extinction or resilience in a metacommunity; (2) what interactions between local and regional processes control species diversity, and (3) which communities are “hot spots” of key ecological significance. We conclude by assessing our ability to evaluate resilience of vent metacommunities to human disturbance (e.g., deep-sea mining). Although the resilience of a few highly disturbed vent systems in the eastern Pacific has been quantified, these values cannot be generalized to remote locales in the western Pacific or mid Atlantic where disturbance rates are different and information on local controls is missing.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipLM was supported by NSF OCE 1356738 and DEB 1558904. SB was supported by the NSF DEB 1558904 and the Investment in Science Fund at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. MB was supported by the Austrian Science Fund grants P20190-B17 and P16774-B03. LL was supported by NSF OCE 1634172 and the JM Kaplan Fund. MN was supported by NSF DEB 1558904. Y-JW was supported by a Korean Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST) grant PM60210.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectHydrothermal venten_US
dc.subjectSpecies diversityen_US
dc.titleExploring the ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents in a metacommunity frameworken_US

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International