The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Air-sea fluxes with a focus on heat and momentum 

    Cronin, Meghan F.; Gentemann, Chelle L.; Edson, James B.; Ueki, Iwao; Bourassa, Mark A.; Brown, Shannon; Clayson, Carol A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gille, Sarah T.; Gulev, Sergey; Josey, Simon A.; Kato, Seiji; Katsumata, Masaki; Kent, Elizabeth; Krug, Marjolaine; Minnett, Peter J.; Parfitt, Rhys; Pinker, Rachel T.; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tomita, Hiroyuki; Vandemark, Douglas; Weller, Robert A.; Yoneyama, Kunio; Yu, Lisan; Zhang, Dongxiao (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
    Turbulent and radiative exchanges of heat between the ocean and atmosphere (hereafter heat fluxes), ocean surface wind stress, and state variables used to estimate them, are Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) and Essential ...
  • Automated Open Circuit Scuba Diver Detection with Low Cost Passive Sonar and Machine Learning 

    Cole, Andrew M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    This thesis evaluates automated open-circuit scuba diver detection using low-cost passive sonar and machine learning. Previous automated passive sonar scuba diver detection systems required matching the frequency of diver ...
  • Novel and flexible approach to access the open ocean: Uses of sailing research vessel Lady Amber during SPURS-2. 

    Rainville, Luc; Centurioni, Luca R.; Asher, William E.; Clayson, Carol Anne; Drushka, Kyla; Edson, James B.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Hormann, Verena; Farrar, J. Thomas; Schanze, Julian J.; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    SPURS-2 (Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study 2) used the schooner Lady Amber, a small sailing research vessel, to deploy, service, maintain, and recover a variety of oceanographic and meteorological ...
  • SPURS-2: Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study 2. The eastern equatorial Pacific experiment. 

    Lindstrom, Eric; Edson, James B.; Schanze, Julian J.; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    In this special issue of Oceanography we explore the results of SPURS-2, the second Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study (SPURS), conducted in the eastern equatorial Pacific. SPURS is an ambitious multiyear ...
  • Reversed lateral circulation in a sharp estuarine bend with weak stratification 

    Kranenburg, Wouter M.; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Garcia, Adrian Mikhail P.; Ralston, David K. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-06-13)
    Although the hydrodynamics of river meanders are well studied, the influence of curvature on flow in estuaries, with alternating tidal flow and varying water levels and salinity gradients, is less well understood. This ...
  • Effects of rainfall on the atmosphere and the ocean during spurs-2 

    Clayson, Carol A.; Edson, James B.; Paget, Aaron; Graham, Raymond; Greenwood, Benjamin (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    The salinity variability of the upper ocean is influenced by surface heat, momentum, and freshwater fluxes, which are in turn affected by atmospheric conditions. It is necessary to accurately measure these surface fluxes ...
  • A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model for offshore wind farm noise prediction. 

    Lin, Ying-Tsong; Newhall, Arthur E.; Miller, James H.; Potty, Gopu R.; Vigness-Raposa, Kathleen J. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-05-02)
    A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model with realistic ocean environmental conditions has been created for assessing the impacts of noise from offshore wind farm construction and operation. This model utilizes ...
  • Structure of Lo'ihi Seamount, Hawai'i and lava flow morphology from high-resolution mapping. 

    Clague, David A.; Paduan, Jennifer B.; Caress, David W.; Moyer, Craig L.; Glazer, Brian T.; Yoerger, Dana R. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-26)
    The early development and growth of oceanic volcanoes that eventually grow to become ocean islands are poorly known. In Hawai‘i, the submarine Lō‘ihi Seamount provides the opportunity to determine the structure and growth ...
  • High-Q spectral peaks and nonstationarity in the deep ocean infragravity wave band: Tidal harmonics and solar normal modes 

    Chave, Alan D.; Luther, Douglas S.; Thomson, David J. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-20)
    Infragravity waves have received the least study of any class of waves in the deep ocean. This paper analyzes a 389‐day‐long deep ocean pressure record from the Hawaii Ocean Mixing Experiment for the presence of narrowband ...
  • Numerical simulation of two coalescing turbulent forced plumes in linearly stratified fluids. 

    Lou, Yingzhong; He, Zhiguo; Jiang, Houshuo; Han, Xiqiu (AIP Publishing, 2019-03-28)
    A computational fluid dynamic model that can solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and the species transport equation is developed to simulate two coalescing turbulent forced plumes, which are released with ...
  • The Ocean Observatories Initiative 

    Trowbridge, John H.; Weller, Robert A.; Kelley, Deborah S.; Dever, Edward P.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Barth, John A.; Kawka, Orest (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-04)
    The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) is an integrated network that enables scientific investigation of interlinked physical, chemical, biological and geological processes throughout the global ocean. With near real-time ...
  • Mesoscale eddies modulate mixed layer depth globally. 

    Gaube, Peter; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Moulin, Aurélie J. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-12-06)
    Mesoscale eddies, energetic vortices covering nearly a third of the ocean surface at any one time, modulate the spatial and temporal evolution of the mixed layer. We present a global analysis of concurrent satellite ...
  • Extremely low frequency (0.1 to 1.0 mHz) surf zone currents. 

    Elgar, Steve; Raubenheimer, Britt; Clark, David B.; Moulton, Melissa (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-02)
    Low‐frequency surf zone eddies disperse material between the shoreline and the continental shelf, and velocity fluctuations with frequencies as low as a few mHz have been observed previously on several beaches. Here spectral ...
  • Effects of locally generated wind waves on the momentum budget and subtidal exchange in a coastal plain estuary 

    Pareja‐Roman, L. Fernando; Chant, Robert J.; Ralston, David K. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-28)
    A numerical model with a vortex force formalism is used to study the role of wind waves in the momentum budget and subtidal exchange of a shallow coastal plain estuary, Delaware Bay. Wave height and age in the bay have a ...
  • Ocean Dumping of Containerized DDT Waste Was a Sloppy Process 

    Kivenson, Veronika; Lemkau, Karin L.; Pizarro, Oscar; Yoerger, Dana R.; Kaiser, Carl; Nelson, Robert K.; Carmichael, Catherine A.; Paul, Blair G.; Reddy, Christopher M.; Valentine, David L. (American Chemical Society, 2019-03-04)
    Industrial-scale dumping of organic waste to the deep ocean was once common practice, leaving a legacy of chemical pollution for which a paucity of information exists. Using a nested approach with autonomous and remotely ...
  • Bigger tides, less flooding: Effects of dredging on barotropic dynamics in a highly modified estuary. 

    Ralston, David K.; Talke, Stefan; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Al‐Zubaidi, Hussein A. M.; Sommerfield, Christopher K. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-12-11)
    Since the late nineteenth century, channel depths have more than doubled in parts of New York Harbor and the tidal Hudson River, wetlands have been reclaimed and navigational channels widened, and river flow has been ...
  • Macroscopic observations of diel fish movements around a shallow water artificial reef using a mid-frequency horizontal-looking sonar 

    Lee, Wu-Jung; Tang, Dajun; Stanton, Timothy K.; Thorsos, Eric I. (Acoustical Society of America, 2018-09-18)
    The twilight feeding migration of fish around a shallow water artificial reef (a shipwreck) was observed by a horizontal-looking, mid-frequency sonar. The sonar operated at frequencies between 1.8 and 3.6 kHz and consisted ...
  • Overview of the Arctic Sea state and boundary layer physics program 

    Thomson, Jim; Ackley, Stephen; Girard-Ardhuin, Fanny; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Babanin, Alexander; Boutin, Guillaume; Brozena, John; Cheng, Sukun; Collins, Clarence; Doble, Martin; Fairall, Christopher W.; Guest, Peter; Gebhardt, Claus; Gemmrich, Johannes; Graber, Hans C.; Holt, Benjamin; Lehner, Susanne; Lund, Björn; Meylan, Michael; Maksym, Ted; Montiel, Fabien; Perrie, Will; Persson, Ola; Rainville, Luc; Rogers, W. Erick; Shen, Hui; Shen, Hayley; Squire, Vernon; Stammerjohn, Sharon E.; Stopa, Justin; Smith, Madison M.; Sutherland, Peter; Wadhams, Peter (American Geophysical Union, 2018-04-16)
    A large collaborative program has studied the coupled air‐ice‐ocean‐wave processes occurring in the Arctic during the autumn ice advance. The program included a field campaign in the western Arctic during the autumn of ...
  • Stable Isotope clues to the formation and evolution of refrozen melt ponds on Arctic Sea ice. 

    Tian, Lijun; Gao, Yongli; Ackley, Stephen; Stammerjohn, Sharon E.; Maksym, Ted; Weissling, Blake (American Geophysical Union, 2018-11-15)
    Sea ice is one of the determining parameters of the climate system. The presence of melt ponds on the surface of Arctic sea ice plays a critical role in the mass balance of sea ice. A total of nine cores was collected from ...
  • TurtleCam: A "smart" autonomous underwater vehicle for investigating behaviors and habitats of sea turtles 

    Dodge, Kara L.; Kukulya, Amy L.; Burke, Erin; Baumgartner, Mark F. (Frontiers Media, 2018-03-20)
    Sea turtles inhabiting coastal environments routinely encounter anthropogenic hazards, including fisheries, vessel traffic, pollution, dredging, and drilling. To support mitigation of potential threats, it is important to ...

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