The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Structure of Lo'ihi Seamount, Hawai'i and lava flow morphology from high-resolution mapping. 

    Clague, David A.; Paduan, Jennifer B.; Caress, David W.; Moyer, Craig L.; Glazer, Brian T.; Yoerger, Dana R. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-26)
    The early development and growth of oceanic volcanoes that eventually grow to become ocean islands are poorly known. In Hawai‘i, the submarine Lō‘ihi Seamount provides the opportunity to determine the structure and growth ...
  • High-Q spectral peaks and nonstationarity in the deep ocean infragravity wave band: Tidal harmonics and solar normal modes 

    Chave, Alan D.; Luther, Douglas S.; Thomson, David J. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-20)
    Infragravity waves have received the least study of any class of waves in the deep ocean. This paper analyzes a 389‐day‐long deep ocean pressure record from the Hawaii Ocean Mixing Experiment for the presence of narrowband ...
  • Numerical simulation of two coalescing turbulent forced plumes in linearly stratified fluids. 

    Lou, Yingzhong; He, Zhiguo; Jiang, Houshuo; Han, Xiqiu (AIP Publishing, 2019-03-28)
    A computational fluid dynamic model that can solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations and the species transport equation is developed to simulate two coalescing turbulent forced plumes, which are released with ...
  • The Ocean Observatories Initiative 

    Trowbridge, John H.; Weller, Robert A.; Kelley, Deborah S.; Dever, Edward P.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Barth, John A.; Kawka, Orest (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-04)
    The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) is an integrated network that enables scientific investigation of interlinked physical, chemical, biological and geological processes throughout the global ocean. With near real-time ...
  • Mesoscale eddies modulate mixed layer depth globally. 

    Gaube, Peter; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Moulin, Aurélie J. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-12-06)
    Mesoscale eddies, energetic vortices covering nearly a third of the ocean surface at any one time, modulate the spatial and temporal evolution of the mixed layer. We present a global analysis of concurrent satellite ...
  • Extremely low frequency (0.1 to 1.0 mHz) surf zone currents. 

    Elgar, Steve; Raubenheimer, Britt; Clark, David B.; Moulton, Melissa (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-02)
    Low‐frequency surf zone eddies disperse material between the shoreline and the continental shelf, and velocity fluctuations with frequencies as low as a few mHz have been observed previously on several beaches. Here spectral ...
  • Effects of locally generated wind waves on the momentum budget and subtidal exchange in a coastal plain estuary 

    Pareja‐Roman, L. Fernando; Chant, Robert J.; Ralston, David K. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-28)
    A numerical model with a vortex force formalism is used to study the role of wind waves in the momentum budget and subtidal exchange of a shallow coastal plain estuary, Delaware Bay. Wave height and age in the bay have a ...
  • Ocean Dumping of Containerized DDT Waste Was a Sloppy Process 

    Kivenson, Veronika; Lemkau, Karin L.; Pizarro, Oscar; Yoerger, Dana R.; Kaiser, Carl; Nelson, Robert K.; Carmichael, Catherine A.; Paul, Blair G.; Reddy, Christopher M.; Valentine, David L. (American Chemical Society, 2019-03-04)
    Industrial-scale dumping of organic waste to the deep ocean was once common practice, leaving a legacy of chemical pollution for which a paucity of information exists. Using a nested approach with autonomous and remotely ...
  • Bigger tides, less flooding: Effects of dredging on barotropic dynamics in a highly modified estuary. 

    Ralston, David K.; Talke, Stefan; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Al‐Zubaidi, Hussein A. M.; Sommerfield, Christopher K. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-12-11)
    Since the late nineteenth century, channel depths have more than doubled in parts of New York Harbor and the tidal Hudson River, wetlands have been reclaimed and navigational channels widened, and river flow has been ...
  • Macroscopic observations of diel fish movements around a shallow water artificial reef using a mid-frequency horizontal-looking sonar 

    Lee, Wu-Jung; Tang, Dajun; Stanton, Timothy K.; Thorsos, Eric I. (Acoustical Society of America, 2018-09-18)
    The twilight feeding migration of fish around a shallow water artificial reef (a shipwreck) was observed by a horizontal-looking, mid-frequency sonar. The sonar operated at frequencies between 1.8 and 3.6 kHz and consisted ...
  • Overview of the Arctic Sea state and boundary layer physics program 

    Thomson, Jim; Ackley, Stephen; Girard-Ardhuin, Fanny; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Babanin, Alexander; Boutin, Guillaume; Brozena, John; Cheng, Sukun; Collins, Clarence; Doble, Martin; Fairall, Christopher W.; Guest, Peter; Gebhardt, Claus; Gemmrich, Johannes; Graber, Hans C.; Holt, Benjamin; Lehner, Susanne; Lund, Björn; Meylan, Michael; Maksym, Ted; Montiel, Fabien; Perrie, Will; Persson, Ola; Rainville, Luc; Rogers, W. Erick; Shen, Hui; Shen, Hayley; Squire, Vernon; Stammerjohn, Sharon E.; Stopa, Justin; Smith, Madison M.; Sutherland, Peter; Wadhams, Peter (American Geophysical Union, 2018-04-16)
    A large collaborative program has studied the coupled air‐ice‐ocean‐wave processes occurring in the Arctic during the autumn ice advance. The program included a field campaign in the western Arctic during the autumn of ...
  • Stable Isotope clues to the formation and evolution of refrozen melt ponds on Arctic Sea ice. 

    Tian, Lijun; Gao, Yongli; Ackley, Stephen; Stammerjohn, Sharon E.; Maksym, Ted; Weissling, Blake (American Geophysical Union, 2018-11-15)
    Sea ice is one of the determining parameters of the climate system. The presence of melt ponds on the surface of Arctic sea ice plays a critical role in the mass balance of sea ice. A total of nine cores was collected from ...
  • TurtleCam: A "smart" autonomous underwater vehicle for investigating behaviors and habitats of sea turtles 

    Dodge, Kara L.; Kukulya, Amy L.; Burke, Erin; Baumgartner, Mark F. (Frontiers Media, 2018-03-20)
    Sea turtles inhabiting coastal environments routinely encounter anthropogenic hazards, including fisheries, vessel traffic, pollution, dredging, and drilling. To support mitigation of potential threats, it is important to ...
  • Copepod manipulation of oil droplet size distribution 

    Uttieri, Marco; Nihongi, Ai; Hinow, Peter; Motschman, Jeffrey; Jiang, Houshuo; Alcaraz, Miquel; Strickler, J. Rudi (Nature Research, 2019-01-24)
    Oil spills are one of the most dangerous sources of pollution in aquatic ecosystems. Owing to their pivotal position in the food web, pelagic copepods can provide crucial intermediary transferring oil between trophic levels. ...
  • Statistical Models and Decision Making for Robotic Scientific Information Gathering 

    Flaspohler, Genevieve Elaine (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2018-09)
    Mobile robots and autonomous sensors have seen increasing use in scientific applications, from planetary rovers surveying for signs of life on Mars, to environmental buoys measuring and logging oceanographic conditions in ...
  • Echo statistics associated with discrete scatterers: A tutorial on physics-based methods 

    Stanton, Timothy K.; Lee, Wu-Jung; Baik, Kyungmin (Acoustical Society of America, 2018-12-06)
    When a beam emitted from an active monostatic sensor system sweeps across a volume, the echoes from scatterers present will fluctuate from ping to ping due to various interference phenomena and statistical processes. ...
  • Frontal subduction of the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf water at the onshore edge of a warm-core ring 

    Zhang, Weifeng G.; Partida, Jacob (American Geophysical Union, 2018-10-15)
    This work studies the subduction of the shelf water along the onshore edge of a warm‐core ring that impinges on the edge of the Mid‐Atlantic Bight continental shelf. The dynamical analysis is based on observations by ...
  • Dispersal of hydrothermal vent larvae at East Pacific Rise 9-10 degrees N segment 

    Xu, Guangyu; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Mills, Susan W.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-11-06)
    A three‐dimensional, primitive‐equation, ocean circulation model coupled with a Lagrangian particle‐tracking algorithm is used to investigate the dispersal and settlement of planktonic larvae released from discrete ...
  • A diel method of estimating gross primary production: 2. Application to 7 years of near-surface dissolved oxygen data in Chesapeake Bay. 

    Scully, Malcolm E. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-11-25)
    A diel method for estimating gross primary production (GPP) is applied to nearly continuous measurements of near‐surface dissolved oxygen collected at seven locations throughout the main stem of Chesapeake Bay. The data ...
  • A diel method of estimating gross primary production: 1. Validation with a realistic numerical model of Chesapeake Bay 

    Scully, Malcolm E. (American Geophysical Union, 2018-11-25)
    A method for estimating gross primary production (GPP) is presented and validated against a numerical model of Chesapeake Bay that includes realistic physical and biological forcing. The method statistically fits a ...

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