The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Diurnal surface flux variability over western boundary currents 

    Clayson, Carol A.; Edson, James B. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-17)
    An analysis of a satellite ocean surface turbulent flux product demonstrated that, as expected, the western boundary current regions dominate the seasonal cycle amplitude. Surprisingly, our analysis of the global ocean ...
  • Persistent near real-time passive acoustic monitoring for baleen whales from a moored buoy: System description and evaluation 

    Baumgartner, Mark F.; Bonnell, Julianne M.; Van Parijs, Sofie M.; Corkeron, Peter; Hotchkin, Cara; Ball, Keenan R.; Pelletier, Léo‐Paul; Partan, James W.; Peters, Donald B.; Kemp, John N.; Pietro, Jeff; Newhall, Kris; Stokes, Andrew; Cole, Timothy V. N.; Quintana, Ester; Kraus, Scott D. (Wiley, 2019-06-24)
    1. Managing interactions between human activities and marine mammals often relies on an understanding of the real‐time distribution or occurrence of animals. Visual surveys typically cannot provide persistent monitoring ...
  • Underwater & out of sight: Towards ubiquity in underwater robotics 

    Rypkema, Nicholas R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    The Earth's oceans holds a wealth of information currently hidden from us. Effective measurement of its properties could provide a better understanding of our changing climate and insights into the creatures that inhabit ...
  • Robust non-Gaussian semantic simultaneous localization and mapping 

    Doherty, Kevin J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    The recent success of object detection systems motivates object-based representations for robot navigation; i.e. semantic simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), in which we aim to jointly estimate the pose of the ...
  • A multitaper spectral estimator for time-series with missing data 

    Chave, Alan D. (Oxford University Press, 2019-06-14)
    A multitaper estimator is proposed that accommodates time-series containing gaps without using any form of interpolation. In contrast with prior missing-data multitaper estimators that force standard Slepian sequences to ...
  • Impact of near-inertial waves on vertical mixing and air-sea CO2 fluxes in the Southern Ocean 

    Song, Hajoon; Marshall, John C.; Campin, Jean-Michel; McGillicuddy, Dennis J. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-17)
    We report the significant impact of near‐inertial waves (NIWs) on vertical mixing and air‐sea carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes in the Southern Ocean using a biogeochemical model coupled to an eddy‐rich ocean circulation model. ...
  • Parameterizing air-water gas exchange in the shallow, microtidal New River estuary 

    Van Dam, Bryce R.; Edson, James B.; Tobias, Craig (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-09)
    Estuarine CO2 emissions are important components of regional and global carbon budgets, but assessments of this flux are plagued by uncertainties associated with gas transfer velocity (k) parameterization. We combined ...
  • Response to channel deepening of the salinity intrusion, estuarine circulation, and stratification in an urbanized estuary 

    Ralston, David K.; Geyer, W. Rockwell (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-07)
    Modifications for navigation since the late 1800s have increased channel depth (H) in the lower Hudson River estuary by 10–30%, and at the mouth the depth has more than doubled. Observations along the lower estuary show ...
  • Modeling ocean eddies on Antarctica's cold water continental shelves and their effects on ice shelf basal melting 

    Mack, Stefanie L.; Dinniman, Michael S.; Klinck, John M.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Padman, Laurence (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-04)
    Changes in the rate of ocean‐driven basal melting of Antarctica's ice shelves can alter the rate at which the grounded ice sheet loses mass and contributes to sea level change. Melt rates depend on the inflow of ocean heat, ...
  • Targeted sampling by autonomous underwater vehicles 

    Zhang, Yanwu; Ryan, John P.; Kieft, Brian; Hobson, Brett W.; McEwen, Robert S.; Godin, Michael A.; Harvey, Julio B.; Barone, Benedetto; Bellingham, James G.; Birch, James M.; Scholin, Christopher A.; Chavez, Francisco P. (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-14)
    In the vast ocean, many ecologically important phenomena are temporally episodic, localized in space, and move according to local currents. To effectively study these complex and evolving phenomena, methods that enable ...
  • Greenlandic ice archives of North Atlantic Common Era climate 

    Osman, Matthew (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    The Common Era (A.D. 1– present) represents a crucial period for climatic studies, documenting the timespan over which human activities have become an increasingly domineering force in shaping Earth’s landscape, climate, ...
  • Delivering sustained, coordinated, and integrated observations of the Southern Ocean for global impact 

    Newman, Louise; Heil, Petra; Trebilco, Rowan; Katsumata, Katsuro; Constable, Andrew; van Wijk, Esmee; Assmann, Karen; Beja, Joana; Bricher, Phillippa; Coleman, Richard; Costa, Daniel P.; Diggs, Stephen; Farneti, Riccardo; Fawcett, Sarah E.; Gille, Sarah T.; Hendry, Katharine R.; Henley, Sian; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Maksym, Ted; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Meijers, Andrew J. S.; Meredith, Michael M.; Moreau, Sebastien; Ozsoy, Burcu; Robertson, Robin; Schloss, Irene; Schofield, Oscar M. E.; Shi, Jiuxin; Sikes, Elisabeth L.; Smith, Inga J.; Swart, Sebastiaan; Wahlin, Anna; Williams, Guy; Williams, Michael J. M.; Herraiz-Borreguero, Laura; Kern, Stefan; Lieser, Jan; Massom, Robert A.; Melbourne-Thomas, Jessica; Miloslavich, Patricia; Spreen, Gunnar (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-08)
    The Southern Ocean is disproportionately important in its effect on the Earth system, impacting climatic, biogeochemical, and ecological systems, which makes recent observed changes to this system cause for global concern. ...
  • Air-sea fluxes with a focus on heat and momentum 

    Cronin, Meghan F.; Gentemann, Chelle L.; Edson, James B.; Ueki, Iwao; Bourassa, Mark A.; Brown, Shannon; Clayson, Carol A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gille, Sarah T.; Gulev, Sergey; Josey, Simon A.; Kato, Seiji; Katsumata, Masaki; Kent, Elizabeth; Krug, Marjolaine; Minnett, Peter J.; Parfitt, Rhys; Pinker, Rachel T.; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tomita, Hiroyuki; Vandemark, Douglas; Weller, Robert A.; Yoneyama, Kunio; Yu, Lisan; Zhang, Dongxiao (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
    Turbulent and radiative exchanges of heat between the ocean and atmosphere (hereafter heat fluxes), ocean surface wind stress, and state variables used to estimate them, are Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) and Essential ...
  • Automated Open Circuit Scuba Diver Detection with Low Cost Passive Sonar and Machine Learning 

    Cole, Andrew M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    This thesis evaluates automated open-circuit scuba diver detection using low-cost passive sonar and machine learning. Previous automated passive sonar scuba diver detection systems required matching the frequency of diver ...
  • Novel and flexible approach to access the open ocean: Uses of sailing research vessel Lady Amber during SPURS-2. 

    Rainville, Luc; Centurioni, Luca R.; Asher, William E.; Clayson, Carol A.; Drushka, Kyla; Edson, James B.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Hormann, Verena; Farrar, J. Thomas; Schanze, Julian J.; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    SPURS-2 (Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study 2) used the schooner Lady Amber, a small sailing research vessel, to deploy, service, maintain, and recover a variety of oceanographic and meteorological ...
  • SPURS-2: Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study 2. The eastern equatorial Pacific experiment. 

    Lindstrom, Eric; Edson, James B.; Schanze, Julian J.; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    In this special issue of Oceanography we explore the results of SPURS-2, the second Salinity Processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study (SPURS), conducted in the eastern equatorial Pacific. SPURS is an ambitious multiyear ...
  • Reversed lateral circulation in a sharp estuarine bend with weak stratification 

    Kranenburg, Wouter M.; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Garcia, Adrian Mikhail P.; Ralston, David K. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-06-13)
    Although the hydrodynamics of river meanders are well studied, the influence of curvature on flow in estuaries, with alternating tidal flow and varying water levels and salinity gradients, is less well understood. This ...
  • Effects of rainfall on the atmosphere and the ocean during spurs-2 

    Clayson, Carol A.; Edson, James B.; Paget, Aaron; Graham, Raymond; Greenwood, Benjamin (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    The salinity variability of the upper ocean is influenced by surface heat, momentum, and freshwater fluxes, which are in turn affected by atmospheric conditions. It is necessary to accurately measure these surface fluxes ...
  • A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model for offshore wind farm noise prediction. 

    Lin, Ying-Tsong; Newhall, Arthur E.; Miller, James H.; Potty, Gopu R.; Vigness-Raposa, Kathleen J. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-05-02)
    A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model with realistic ocean environmental conditions has been created for assessing the impacts of noise from offshore wind farm construction and operation. This model utilizes ...
  • Structure of Lo'ihi Seamount, Hawai'i and lava flow morphology from high-resolution mapping. 

    Clague, David A.; Paduan, Jennifer B.; Caress, David W.; Moyer, Craig L.; Glazer, Brian T.; Yoerger, Dana R. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-26)
    The early development and growth of oceanic volcanoes that eventually grow to become ocean islands are poorly known. In Hawai‘i, the submarine Lō‘ihi Seamount provides the opportunity to determine the structure and growth ...

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