The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Linking glacially modified waters to catchment-scale subglacial discharge using autonomous underwater vehicle observations 

    Stevens, Laura A.; Straneo, Fiamma; Das, Sarah; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Kukulya, Amy L.; Morlighem, Mathieu (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-02-24)
    Measurements of near-ice (<  200 m) hydrography and near-terminus subglacial hydrology are lacking, due in large part to the difficulty in working at the margin of calving glaciers. Here we pair detailed hydrographic and ...
  • Observations of the transfer of energy and momentum to the oceanic surface boundary layer beneath breaking waves 

    Scully, Malcolm E.; Trowbridge, John H.; Fisher, Alexander W. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-06-02)
    Measurements just beneath the ocean surface demonstrate that the primary mechanism by which energy from breaking waves is transmitted into the water column is through the work done by the covariance of turbulent pressure ...
  • Challenges associated with modeling low-oxygen waters in Chesapeake Bay : a multiple model comparison 

    Irby, Isaac D.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Friedrichs, Carl T.; Bever, Aaron J.; Hood, Raleigh R.; Lanerolle, Lyon W. J.; Li, Ming; Linker, Lewis; Scully, Malcolm E.; Sellner, Kevin G.; Shen, Jian; Testa, Jeremy; Wang, Hao; Wang, Ping; Xia, Meng (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-04-06)
    As three-dimensional (3-D) aquatic ecosystem models are used more frequently for operational water quality forecasts and ecological management decisions, it is important to understand the relative strengths and limitations ...
  • Statistics of nonlinear internal waves during the Shallow Water 2006 Experiment 

    Badiey, Mohsen; Wan, Lin; Lynch, James F. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-04-18)
    During the Shallow Water Acoustic Experiment 2006 (SW06) conducted on the New Jersey continental shelf in the summer of 2006, detailed measurements of the ocean environment were made along a fixed reference track that was ...
  • Full circumpolar migration ensures evolutionary unity in the Emperor penguin 

    Cristofari, Robin; Bertorelle, Giorgio; ANCEL, André; Benazzo, Andrea; Le Maho, Yvon; Ponganis, Paul J.; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Trathan, Phil N.; Whittington, Jason D.; Zanetti, Enrico; Zitterbart, Daniel; Le Bohec, Céline; Trucchi, Emiliano (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-06-14)
    Defining reliable demographic models is essential to understand the threats of ongoing environmental change. Yet, in the most remote and threatened areas, models are often based on the survey of a single population, assuming ...
  • Stratified turbulence and mixing efficiency in a salt wedge estuary 

    Holleman, Rusty; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Ralston, David K. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-05-24)
    High-resolution observations of velocity, salinity, and turbulence quantities were collected in a salt wedge estuary to quantify the efficiency of stratified mixing in a high-energy environment. During the ebb tide, a ...
  • Remote monitoring of volumetric discharge employing bathymetry determined from surface turbulence metrics 

    Johnson, Erika D.; Cowen, Edwin (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-03-24)
    Current methods employed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to measure river discharge are manpower intensive, expensive, and during high flow events require field personnel to work in dangerous conditions. ...
  • Underwater acoustics research at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1930-1960 

    Lynch, James F.; Newhall, Arthur E.; Frosch, Robert A. (Acoustical Society of America, 2016-06-23)
    The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) was founded in 1930, and throughout its history has had a strong involvement in research into the science and applications of sound in the ocean. In terms of a brief history, ...
  • A sea floor winch system for wire line re-entry of deep sea boreholes 

    Berteaux, Henri O.; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Koelsch, Donald E.; Stephen, Ralph A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-12)
    The following report describes the scientific motivations for the use of a Sea Floor Winch System for Wireline Re-entry of Deep Sea Boreholes and presents a conceptual design for the winch system.
  • A crab swarm at an ecological hotspot : patchiness and population density from AUV observations at a coastal, tropical seamount 

    Pineda, Jesús; Cho, Walter W.; Starczak, Victoria R.; Govindarajan, Annette F.; Guzman, Hector M.; Girdhar, Yogesh; Holleman, Rusty C.; Churchill, James H.; Singh, Hanumant; Ralston, David K. (PeerJ, 2016-04-12)
    A research cruise to Hannibal Bank, a seamount and an ecological hotspot in the coastal eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off Panama, explored the zonation, biodiversity, and the ecological processes that contribute to the ...
  • A performance update of the InterOcean S4 electromagnetic current meter 

    Clay, Peter R.; Longworth, Steven P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-10)
    This report reviews the working principles of the InterOcean S4 electromagnetic current meter and outlines the practical difficulties and engineering solutions to convert these basic principles into a working ...
  • Microscale, finescale, and mesoscale measurements made during the 2004 Structured Mixing Project (Micro-Tow 04) Cruise 

    Duda, Timothy F.; Sellers, Cynthia J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-04)
    A physical oceanographic sampling voyage was made with RV Endeavor during August 2004 to evaluate diapycnal mixing processes on the continental shelf south of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, USA. The goal of the project ...
  • Dispersion of a tracer in the deep Gulf of Mexico 

    Ledwell, James R.; He, Ruoying; Xue, Zuo; DiMarco, Steven; Spencer, Laura J.; Chapman, Piers (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-02-05)
    A 25 km streak of CF3SF5 was released on an isopycnal surface approximately 1100 m deep, and 150 m above the bottom, along the continental slope of the northern Gulf of Mexico, to study stirring and mixing of a passive ...
  • Abundance and distribution of sperm whales in the Canary Islands : can sperm whales in the archipelago sustain the current level of ship-strike mortalities? 

    Fais, Andrea; Lewis, Tim P.; Zitterbart, Daniel P.; Alvarez, Omar; Tejedor, Ana; Aguilar de Soto, Natacha (Public Library of Science, 2016-03-21)
    Sperm whales are present in the Canary Islands year-round, suggesting that the archipelago is an important area for this species in the North Atlantic. However, the area experiences one of the highest reported rates of ...
  • Observations and model simulations of wave-current interaction on the inner shelf 

    Hopkins, Julia; Elgar, Steve; Raubenheimer, Britt (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-10)
    Wave directions and mean currents observed for two 1 month long periods in 7 and 2 m water depths along 11 km of the southern shoreline of Martha's Vineyard, MA, have strong tidal modulations. Wave directions are modulated ...
  • Optimal multiple source location via the EM algorithm 

    Feder, Meir; Weinstein, Ehud (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    A computationally efficient scheme for multiple-source location estimation, based on the Estimate-Maximize (EM) algorithm, is presented. The proposed scheme is optimal in the sense that it converges iteratively to the ...
  • Water masses and nutrient sources to the Gulf of Maine 

    Townsend, David W.; Pettigrew, Neal R.; Thomas, Maura A.; Neary, Mark G.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; O'Donnell, James (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2015-05-01)
    The Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed basin on the continental shelf of the northwest Atlantic Ocean, is fed by surface and deep water flows from outside the gulf: Scotian Shelf Water (SSW) from the Nova Scotian shelf that ...
  • Short-term variability in nighttime scattering strength levels at one site in the eastern Algero-Provençal Basin 

    Doutt, James A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-03)
    A sequence of nine nighttime, broadband volume scattering strength measurements obtained in 1973 over a period of approximately one hour was used to study the short-term variability of scattering strength in 100 Hz bands ...
  • Hydrodynamic and morphodynamic responses to surfzone seafloor perturbations 

    Moulton, Melissa (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-06)
    Holes and channels were excavated in the surf zone on an ocean beach near Duck, NC, and observations of the subsequent evolution of waves, currents, and the modified seafloor were used to investigate nearshore dynamics. ...
  • Progress and challenges in coupled hydrodynamic-ecological estuarine modeling 

    Ganju, Neil K.; Brush, Mark J.; Rashleigh, Brenda; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo L.; del Barrio, Pilar; Grear, Jason S.; Harris, Lora A.; Lake, Samuel J.; McCardell, Grant; O’Donnell, James; Ralston, David K.; Signell, Richard P.; Testa, Jeremy M.; Vaudrey, Jamie M. P. (Springer, 2015-07-07)
    Numerical modeling has emerged over the last several decades as a widely accepted tool for investigations in environmental sciences. In estuarine research, hydrodynamic and ecological models have moved along parallel tracks ...

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