The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Submesoscale hotspots of productivity and respiration : insights from high-resolution oxygen and fluorescence sections 

    Stanley, Rachel H. R.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Sandwith, Zoe O.; Pleskow, Haley M. (2017-10)
    Modeling studies have shown that mesoscale and submesoscale processes can stimulate phytoplankton productivity and export production. Here, we present observations from an undulating, towed Video Plankton Recorder (VPR-II) ...
  • Intensity fluctuations of midfrequency sound signals passing through moving nonlinear internal waves 

    Katsnelson, Boris G.; Grigorev, Valery A.; Lynch, James F. (Acoustical Society of America, 2008-08-28)
    The fluctuations of intensity of broadband pulses in the midfrequency range (2–4.5kHz) propagating in shallow water in the presence of intense internal waves moving approximately along the acoustic track are considered. ...
  • Temporal sound field fluctuations in the presence of internal solitary waves in shallow water 

    Katsnelson, Boris G.; Grigorev, Valery A.; Badiey, Mohsen; Lynch, James F. (Acoustical Society of America, 2009-06-19)
    Temporal variations of intensity fluctuations are presented from the SWARM95 experiment. It is hypothesized that specific features of these fluctuations can be explained by mode coupling due to the presence of an internal ...
  • Variability of phase and amplitude fronts due to horizontal refraction in shallow water 

    Katsnelson, Boris G.; Grigorev, Valery A.; Lynch, James F. (Acoustical Society of America, 2018-01-16)
    The variability of the interference pattern of a narrow-band sound signal in a shallow water waveguide in the horizontal plane in the presence of horizontal stratification, in particular due to linear internal waves, is ...
  • Measurement of ocean surface currents using a ship towed log 

    Bitterman, David S. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-05)
    A ship towed log for use on ships-of-opportunity to measure ocean surface currents was built and tested over the past two years. The technique used is one of the oldest known to navigators. The ship's dead reckoned ...
  • Remote acoustic sensing of oceanic fluid and biological processes 

    Orr, Margaret H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-06)
    High frequency acoustic backscattering systems are being used in monostatic modes to evaluate the use of acoustic techniques to detect and study a variety of fluid processes in the oceanic environment. A short outline ...
  • Controls of multimodal wave conditions in a complex coastal setting 

    Hegermiller, Christie A.; Rueda, Ana; Erikson, Li H.; Barnard, Patrick L.; Antolinez, José A. A.; Mendez, Fernando J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-12-23)
    Coastal hazards emerge from the combined effect of wave conditions and sea level anomalies associated with storms or low-frequency atmosphere-ocean oscillations. Rigorous characterization of wave climate is limited by the ...
  • AXIS—an Autonomous Expendable Instrument System 

    Fratantoni, David M.; O’Brien, Jeff; Flagg, Charles Noel; Rossby, H. Thomas (American Meteorological Society, 2017-12-28)
    Expendable bathythermographs (XBT) to profile upper-ocean temperatures from vessels in motion have been in use for some 50 years now. Developed originally for navy use, they were soon adapted by oceanographers to map out ...
  • Hydrological and biogeochemical controls on absorption and fluorescence of dissolved organic matter in the northern South China Sea 

    Wang, Chao; Guo, Weidong; Li, Yan; Stubbins, Aron; Li, Yizhen; Song, Guodong; Wang, Lei; Cheng, Yuanyue (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-12-29)
    The Kuroshio intrusion from the West Philippine Sea (WPS) and mesoscale eddies are important hydrological features in the northern South China Sea (SCS). In this study, absorption and fluorescence of dissolved organic ...
  • High resolution time series reveals cohesive but short-lived communities in coastal plankton 

    Martin Platero, Antonio Manuel; Cleary, Brian; Kauffman, Kathryn; Preheim, Sarah P.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Alm, Eric J.; Polz, Martin F. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-01-18)
    Because microbial plankton in the ocean comprise diverse bacteria, algae, and protists that are subject to environmental forcing on multiple spatial and temporal scales, a fundamental open question is to what extent these ...
  • Elevators - autonomous transporters for deep sea benthic sample recovery 

    Bowen, Martin F.; Bernard, P. J.; Gleason, D. E.; Whitcomb, Louis L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-01)
    Two classes of sample recovery devices have been fabricated for use with the Jason deep diving remotely operated vehicle (ROV). One class includes custom-built, autonomous vertical transporters (AVTs) that are capable of ...
  • Eddy interaction model for turbulent suspension in Reynolds-averaged Euler-Lagrange simulations of steady sheet flow 

    Cheng, Zhen; Chauchat, Julien; Hsu, Tian-Jian; Calantoni, Joseph (2017-10-31)
    A Reynolds-averaged Euler–Lagrange sediment transport model (CFDEM-EIM) was developed for steady sheet flow, where the inter-granular interactions were resolved and the flow turbulence was modeled with a low Reynolds number ...
  • An Eulerian two-phase model for steady sheet flow using large-eddy simulation methodology 

    Cheng, Zhen; Hsu, Tian-Jian; Chauchat, Julien (2017-11-08)
    A three-dimensional Eulerian two-phase flow model for sediment transport in sheet flow conditions is presented. To resolve turbulence and turbulence-sediment interactions, the large-eddy simulation approach is adopted. ...
  • The largest deep-ocean silicic volcanic eruption of the past century 

    Carey, Rebecca; Soule, Samuel A.; Manga, Michael; White, James D. L.; McPhie, Jocelyn; Wysoczanski, Richard; Jutzeler, Martin; Tani, Kenichiro; Yoerger, Dana R.; Fornari, Daniel J.; Caratori Tontini, Fabio; Houghton, Bruce; Mitchell, Samuel; Ikegami, Fumihiko; Conway, Chris; Murch, Arran; Fauria, Kristen; Jones, Meghan; Cahalan, Ryan; McKenzie, Warren (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018-01-10)
    The 2012 submarine eruption of Havre volcano in the Kermadec arc, New Zealand, is the largest deep-ocean eruption in history and one of very few recorded submarine eruptions involving rhyolite magma. It was recognized from ...
  • Sediment transport time scales and trapping efficiency in a tidal river 

    Ralston, David K.; Geyer, W. Rockwell (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-11-02)
    Observations and a numerical model are used to characterize sediment transport in the tidal Hudson River. A sediment budget over 11 years including major discharge events indicates the tidal fresh region traps about 40% ...
  • Wind-driven circulation in a shelf valley. Part I : Mechanism of the asymmetrical response to along-shelf winds in opposite directions 

    Zhang, Weifeng; Lentz, Steven J. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-12-08)
    Motivated by observations in Hudson shelf valley showing stronger onshore than offshore flows, this study investigates wind-driven flows in idealized shallow shelf valleys. This first part of a two-part sequence focuses ...
  • Climate change and the threat of novel marine predators in Antarctica 

    Smith, Kathryn E.; Aronson, Richard B.; Steffel, Brittan V.; Amsler, Margaret O.; Thatje, Sven; Singh, Hanumant; Anderson, Jeff; Brothers, Cecilia; Brown, Alastair; Ellis, Daniel S.; Havenhand, Jon N.; James, William R.; Moksnes, Per-Olav; Randolph, Allison W.; Sayre-McCord, Thomas; McClintock, James B. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-11-30)
    Historically low temperatures have severely limited skeleton-breaking predation on the Antarctic shelf, facilitating the evolution of a benthic fauna poorly defended against durophagy. Now, rapid warming of the Southern ...
  • SedFoam-2.0 : a 3-D two-phase flow numerical model for sediment transport 

    Chauchat, Julien; Cheng, Zhen; Nagel, Tim; Bonamy, Cyrille; Hsu, Tian-Jian (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-11-30)
    In this paper, a three-dimensional two-phase flow solver, SedFoam-2.0, is presented for sediment transport applications. The solver is extended from twoPhaseEulerFoam available in the 2.1.0 release of the open-source CFD ...
  • Scaling for turbulent viscosity of buoyant plumes in stratified fluids : PIV measurement with implications for submarine hydrothermal plume turbulence 

    Zhang, Wei; He, Zhiguo; Jiang, Houshuo (2017-10-07)
    Time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV) has been used to measure instantaneous twodimensional velocity vector fields of laboratory-generated turbulent buoyant plumes in linearly stratified saltwater over extended ...
  • Biological assessment for a blue mussel ocean aquaculture experiment in Rhode Island Sound 

    Hoagland, Porter; Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Paul, Walter; Hampson, George R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-04)
    This report assesses the potential biological impacts on certain protected species of the deployment of a longline for growing blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in Rhode Island Sound. The proposed project is a scientific ...

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