The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Habitat usage by the cryptic copepods Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani on Georges Bank (Northwest Atlantic) 

    Bucklin, Ann; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Davis, Cabell S. (2015-10-04)
    The cryptic copepod species, Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani, co-occur on Georges Bank and in the Gulf of Maine (Northwest Atlantic); even recent studies have reported results and conclusions based on examination ...
  • Environmental metabolomics : databases and tools for data analysis 

    Longnecker, Krista; Futrelle, Joe; Coburn, Elizabeth; Kido Soule, Melissa C.; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B. (Elsevier, 2015-06-19)
    Metabolomics is the study of small molecules, or ‘metabolites’, that are the end products of biological processes. While -omics technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics measure the metabolic potential ...
  • Fukushima 137Cs at the base of planktonic food webs off Japan 

    Baumann, Zofia; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Gobler, Christopher J.; Buesseler, Ken O.; George, J. A.; Breier, Crystaline F.; Nishikawa, Jun (2015-09-18)
    The potential bioaccumulation of 137Cs in marine food webs off Japan became a concern following the release of radioactive contaminants from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant into the coastal ocean. Previous ...
  • Subsurface observations of white shark predatory behaviour using an autonomous underwater vehicle 

    Skomal, Gregory B.; Hoyos-Padilla, E. Mauricio; Kukulya, Amy L.; Stokey, Roger P. (2015-09)
    Investigations of animal habitat use and behaviour are important for understanding the ecology of animals and are vital for making informed conservation decisions. Most of what is known about shark behaviour comes from ...
  • Navigation and manipulation for autonomous underwater dismantling of offshore structures 

    Welch, Christian L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    The dismantling of offshore structures, known as decommissioning, is a complex task in the oil and gas industry, driven by strict environmental standards. As the environments in which decommissioning is necessary become ...
  • Distributed autonomy and formation control of a drifting swarm of autonomous underwater vehicles 

    Rypkema, Nicholas R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    Recent advances in autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) technology have led to their wide-spread acceptance and adoption for use in scientific, commercial, and defence applications in the underwater domain. At the same time, ...
  • Real time bottom reverberation simulation in deep and shallow ocean environments 

    Miller, Thomas E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    Due to the costs involved and time required to perform experiments at sea, it is important to provide accurate simulations of the ocean environment. Using the ray tracing code, BELLHOP, the Mission Oriented Operating ...
  • Comparisons among ten models of acoustic backscattering used in aquatic ecosystem research 

    Jech, J. Michael; Horne, John K.; Chu, Dezhang; Demer, David A.; Francis, David T. I.; Gorska, Natalia; Jones, Benjamin A.; Lavery, Andone C.; Stanton, Timothy K.; Macaulay, Gavin J.; Reeder, D. Benjamin; Sawada, Kouichi (Acoustical Society of America, 2015-12-21)
    Analytical and numerical scatteringmodels with accompanying digital representations are used increasingly to predict acoustic backscatter by fish and zooplankton in research and ecosystem monitoring applications. Ten such ...
  • Multipurpose acoustic networks in the integrated Arctic Ocean observing system 

    Mikhalevsky, Peter N.; Sagen, Hanne; Worcester, Peter F.; Baggeroer, Arthur B.; Orcutt, John A.; Moore, Sue E.; Lee, Craig M.; Vigness-Raposa, Kathleen J.; Freitag, Lee E.; Arrott, Matthew; Atakan, Kuvvet; Beszczynska-Moller, Agnieszka; Duda, Timothy F.; Dushaw, Brian D.; Gascard, Jean-Claude; Gavrilov, Alexander N.; Keers, Henk; Morozov, Andrey K.; Munk, Walter H.; Rixen, Michel; Sandven, Stein; Skarsoulis, Emmanuel; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Vernon, Frank L.; Yuen, Mo Yan (Arctic Institute of North America, 2015)
    The dramatic reduction of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean will increase human activities in the coming years. This activity will be driven by increased demand for energy and the marine resources of an Arctic Ocean accessible ...
  • Wake-induced `slaloming' response explains exquisite sensitivity of seal whisker-like sensors 

    Beem, Heather R.; Triantafyllou, Michael S. (2015-08)
    Blindfolded harbour seals are able to use their uniquely shaped whiskers to track vortex wakes left by moving animals and identify objects that passed by 30 s earlier, an impressive feat, as the flow features have velocities ...
  • Mechanisms of tidal oscillatory salt transport in a partially stratified estuary 

    Wang, Tao; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Engel, Patricia A.; Jiang, Wensheng; Feng, Shizuo (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11)
    Tidal oscillatory salt transport, induced by the correlation between tidal variations in salinity and velocity, is an important term for the subtidal salt balance under the commonly used Eulerian method of salt transport ...
  • Rapid growth and concerted sexual transitions by a bloom of the harmful dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense (Dinophyceae) 

    Brosnahan, Michael L.; Velo-Suarez, Lourdes; Ralston, David K.; Fox, Sophia E.; Sehein, Taylor R.; Shalapyonok, Alexi; Sosik, Heidi M.; Olson, Robert J.; Anderson, Donald M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-18)
    Transitions between life cycle stages by the harmful dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense are critical for the initiation and termination of its blooms. To quantify these transitions in a single population, an Imaging ...
  • Iron supply and demand in an Antarctic shelf ecosystem 

    McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Sedwick, Peter N.; Dinniman, M. S.; Arrigo, Kevin R.; Bibby, Thomas S.; Greenan, Blair J. W.; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Klinck, John M.; Smith, Walker O.; Mack, S. L.; Marsay, Christopher M.; Sohst, Bettina M.; van Dijken, Gert L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-10-08)
    The Ross Sea sustains a rich ecosystem and is the most productive sector of the Southern Ocean. Most of this production occurs within a polynya during the November–February period, when the availability of dissolved iron ...
  • Genomic and transcriptomic evidence for scavenging of diverse organic compounds by widespread deep-sea archaea 

    Li, Meng; Baker, Brett J.; Anantharaman, Karthik; Jain, Sunit; Breier, John A.; Dick, Gregory J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-11-17)
    Microbial activity is one of the most important processes to mediate the flux of organic carbon from the ocean surface to the seafloor. However, little is known about the microorganisms that underpin this key step of the ...
  • The depth-distribution of nitrogen fixation by Trichodesmium spp. colonies in the tropical–subtropical North Atlantic 

    Olson, Elise M. B.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Dyhrman, Sonya T.; Waterbury, John B.; Davis, Cabell S.; Solow, Andrew R. (Elsevier, 2015-07-02)
    Nitrogen fixation is an important yet still incompletely constrained component of the marine nitrogen cycle, particularly in the subsurface. A Video Plankton Recorder (VPR) survey in the subtropical North Atlantic found ...
  • Dynamics of the direct intrusion of Gulf Stream ring water onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf 

    Zhang, Weifeng G.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-30)
    Onshore intrusions of offshore waters onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf can greatly affect shelf circulation, biogeochemistry, and fisheries. Previous studies have concentrated on onshore intrusions of slope water. Here ...
  • On the dynamics of the Zanzibar Channel 

    Zavala-Garay, Javier; Theiss, Jurgen; Moulton, Melissa; Walsh, Connor; van Woesik, Robert; Mayorga-Adame, Claudia G.; García-Reyes, Marisol; Mukaka, D. S.; Whilden, Kerri; Shaghude, Y. W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-12)
    The Zanzibar Channel lies between the mainland of Tanzania and Zanzibar Island in the tropical western Indian Ocean, is about 100 km long, 40 km wide, and 40 m deep, and is essential to local socioeconomic activities. This ...
  • Influence of ice thickness and surface properties on light transmission through Arctic sea ice 

    Katlein, Christian; Arndt, Stefanie; Nicolaus, Marcel; Perovich, Donald K.; Jakuba, Michael V.; Suman, Stefano; Elliott, Stephen M.; Whitcomb, Louis L.; McFarland, Christopher J.; Gerdes, Rudiger; Boetius, Antje; German, Christopher R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-04)
    The observed changes in physical properties of sea ice such as decreased thickness and increased melt pond cover severely impact the energy budget of Arctic sea ice. Increased light transmission leads to increased deposition ...
  • Surfzone to inner-shelf exchange estimated from dye tracer balances 

    Hally-Rosendahl, Kai; Feddersen, Falk; Clark, David B.; Guza, R. T. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-19)
    Surfzone and inner-shelf tracer dispersion are observed at an approximately alongshore-uniform beach. Fluorescent Rhodamine WT dye, released near the shoreline continuously for 6.5 h, is advected alongshore by breaking-wave- ...
  • Length scale of the finite-amplitude meanders of shelfbreak fronts 

    Zhang, Weifeng G.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-10)
    Through combining analytical arguments and numerical models, this study investigates the finite-amplitude meanders of shelfbreak fronts characterized by sloping isopycnals outcropping at both the surface and the shelfbreak ...

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