The Department is a major center for research in fluid mechanics, coastal processes, ocean mixing, acoustics, air-sea interaction, deep submergence, ocean systems and moorings, remote sensing, robotics, certain biological processes, image processing, signal processing and estimation, control theory, and the dynamics of ocean cables.

Recent Submissions

  • Abundance and distribution of sperm whales in the Canary Islands : can sperm whales in the archipelago sustain the current level of ship-strike mortalities? 

    Fais, Andrea; Lewis, Tim P.; Zitterbart, Daniel; Alvarez, Omar; Tejedor, Ana; Aguilar de Soto, Natacha (Public Library of Science, 2016-03-21)
    Sperm whales are present in the Canary Islands year-round, suggesting that the archipelago is an important area for this species in the North Atlantic. However, the area experiences one of the highest reported rates of ...
  • Observations and model simulations of wave-current interaction on the inner shelf 

    Hopkins, Julia; Elgar, Steve; Raubenheimer, Britt (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-10)
    Wave directions and mean currents observed for two 1 month long periods in 7 and 2 m water depths along 11 km of the southern shoreline of Martha's Vineyard, MA, have strong tidal modulations. Wave directions are modulated ...
  • Optimal multiple source location via the EM algorithm 

    Feder, Meir; Weinstein, Ehud (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    A computationally efficient scheme for multiple-source location estimation, based on the Estimate-Maximize (EM) algorithm, is presented. The proposed scheme is optimal in the sense that it converges iteratively to the ...
  • Water masses and nutrient sources to the Gulf of Maine 

    Townsend, David W.; Pettigrew, Neal R.; Thomas, Maura A.; Neary, Mark G.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; O'Donnell, James (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2015-05-01)
    The Gulf of Maine, a semienclosed basin on the continental shelf of the northwest Atlantic Ocean, is fed by surface and deep water flows from outside the gulf: Scotian Shelf Water (SSW) from the Nova Scotian shelf that ...
  • Short-term variability in nighttime scattering strength levels at one site in the eastern Algero-Provençal Basin 

    Doutt, James A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-03)
    A sequence of nine nighttime, broadband volume scattering strength measurements obtained in 1973 over a period of approximately one hour was used to study the short-term variability of scattering strength in 100 Hz bands ...
  • Hydrodynamic and morphodynamic responses to surfzone seafloor perturbations 

    Moulton, Melissa (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-06)
    Holes and channels were excavated in the surf zone on an ocean beach near Duck, NC, and observations of the subsequent evolution of waves, currents, and the modified seafloor were used to investigate nearshore dynamics. ...
  • Progress and challenges in coupled hydrodynamic-ecological estuarine modeling 

    Ganju, Neil K.; Brush, Mark J.; Rashleigh, Brenda; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo L.; del Barrio, Pilar; Grear, Jason S.; Harris, Lora A.; Lake, Samuel J.; McCardell, Grant; O’Donnell, James; Ralston, David K.; Signell, Richard P.; Testa, Jeremy M.; Vaudrey, Jamie M. P. (Springer, 2015-07-07)
    Numerical modeling has emerged over the last several decades as a widely accepted tool for investigations in environmental sciences. In estuarine research, hydrodynamic and ecological models have moved along parallel tracks ...
  • Autonomous four-dimensional mapping and tracking of a coastal upwelling front by an autonomous underwater vehicle 

    Zhang, Yanwu; Bellingham, James G.; Ryan, John P.; Kieft, Brian; Stanway, Michael J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-07-14)
    Coastal upwelling is a wind-driven ocean process that brings cooler, saltier, and nutrient-rich deep water upward to the surface. The boundary between the upwelling water and the normally stratified water is called the ...
  • A miniature deep sea temperature data recorder : design, construction, and use 

    Koehler, Richard L.; von Herzen, Richard P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-01)
    A miniature temperature recorder has been developed to be used with the hydraulic piston sediment corer <HPC) on the Deep Sea Drilling Project <DSDP). The instrumentation fits into pressure-sealed slots in the wall of the ...
  • Entropy rate defined by internal wave scattering in long-range propagation 

    Morozov, Andrey K.; Colosi, John A. (Acoustical Society of America, 2015-09-08)
    The reduction of information capacity of the ocean sound channel due to scattering by internal waves is a potential problem for acoustic communication, navigation, and remote sensing over long ranges. In spite of recent ...
  • First observed wild birth and acoustic record of a possible infanticide attempt on a common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) 

    Perrtree, Robin M.; Sayigh, Laela S.; Williford, Allison; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Curran, Mary C.; Cox, Tara M. (2015-06)
    We observed the birth of a common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) followed immediately by a possible infanticide attempt in the estuary near Savannah, Georgia. Our report is unique in several ways: first, we witnessed ...
  • Habitat usage by the cryptic copepods Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani on Georges Bank (Northwest Atlantic) 

    Bucklin, Ann; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Davis, Cabell S. (2015-10-04)
    The cryptic copepod species, Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani, co-occur on Georges Bank and in the Gulf of Maine (Northwest Atlantic); even recent studies have reported results and conclusions based on examination ...
  • Environmental metabolomics : databases and tools for data analysis 

    Longnecker, Krista; Futrelle, Joe; Coburn, Elizabeth; Kido Soule, Melissa C.; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B. (Elsevier, 2015-06-19)
    Metabolomics is the study of small molecules, or ‘metabolites’, that are the end products of biological processes. While -omics technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics measure the metabolic potential ...
  • Fukushima 137Cs at the base of planktonic food webs off Japan 

    Baumann, Zofia; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Gobler, Christopher J.; Buesseler, Ken O.; George, J. A.; Breier, Crystaline F.; Nishikawa, Jun (2015-09-18)
    The potential bioaccumulation of 137Cs in marine food webs off Japan became a concern following the release of radioactive contaminants from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant into the coastal ocean. Previous ...
  • Subsurface observations of white shark predatory behaviour using an autonomous underwater vehicle 

    Skomal, Gregory B.; Hoyos-Padilla, E. Mauricio; Kukulya, Amy L.; Stokey, Roger P. (2015-09)
    Investigations of animal habitat use and behaviour are important for understanding the ecology of animals and are vital for making informed conservation decisions. Most of what is known about shark behaviour comes from ...
  • Navigation and manipulation for autonomous underwater dismantling of offshore structures 

    Welch, Christian L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    The dismantling of offshore structures, known as decommissioning, is a complex task in the oil and gas industry, driven by strict environmental standards. As the environments in which decommissioning is necessary become ...
  • Distributed autonomy and formation control of a drifting swarm of autonomous underwater vehicles 

    Rypkema, Nicholas R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    Recent advances in autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) technology have led to their wide-spread acceptance and adoption for use in scientific, commercial, and defence applications in the underwater domain. At the same time, ...
  • Real time bottom reverberation simulation in deep and shallow ocean environments 

    Miller, Thomas E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-09)
    Due to the costs involved and time required to perform experiments at sea, it is important to provide accurate simulations of the ocean environment. Using the ray tracing code, BELLHOP, the Mission Oriented Operating ...
  • Comparisons among ten models of acoustic backscattering used in aquatic ecosystem research 

    Jech, J. Michael; Horne, John K.; Chu, Dezhang; Demer, David A.; Francis, David T. I.; Gorska, Natalia; Jones, Benjamin A.; Lavery, Andone C.; Stanton, Timothy K.; Macaulay, Gavin J.; Reeder, D. Benjamin; Sawada, Kouichi (Acoustical Society of America, 2015-12-21)
    Analytical and numerical scatteringmodels with accompanying digital representations are used increasingly to predict acoustic backscatter by fish and zooplankton in research and ecosystem monitoring applications. Ten such ...
  • Multipurpose acoustic networks in the integrated Arctic Ocean observing system 

    Mikhalevsky, Peter N.; Sagen, Hanne; Worcester, Peter F.; Baggeroer, Arthur B.; Orcutt, John A.; Moore, Sue E.; Lee, Craig M.; Vigness-Raposa, Kathleen J.; Freitag, Lee E.; Arrott, Matthew; Atakan, Kuvvet; Beszczynska-Moller, Agnieszka; Duda, Timothy F.; Dushaw, Brian D.; Gascard, Jean-Claude; Gavrilov, Alexander N.; Keers, Henk; Morozov, Andrey K.; Munk, Walter H.; Rixen, Michel; Sandven, Stein; Skarsoulis, Emmanuel; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Vernon, Frank L.; Yuen, Mo Yan (Arctic Institute of North America, 2015)
    The dramatic reduction of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean will increase human activities in the coming years. This activity will be driven by increased demand for energy and the marine resources of an Arctic Ocean accessible ...

View more