Stratigraphic record of Holocene coseismic subsidence, Padang, West Sumatra

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Dura, Tina
Rubin, Charles M.
Kelsey, Harvey M.
Horton, Benjamin P.
Hawkes, Andrea D.
Vane, Christopher H.
Daryono, Mudrik
Grand Pre, Candace
Ladinsky, Tyler
Bradley, Sarah
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Coseismic subsidence
Stratigraphic evidence is found for two coseismic subsidence events that underlie a floodplain 20 km south of Padang, West Sumatra along the Mentawai segment (0.5°S–0.3°S) of the Sunda subduction zone. Each earthquake is marked by a sharp soil-mud contact that represents a sudden change from mangrove to tidal flat. The earthquakes occurred about 4000 and 3000 cal years B.P. based on radiocarbon ages of detrital plant fragments and seeds. The absence of younger paleoseismic evidence suggests that late Holocene relative sea level fall left the floodplain too high for an earthquake to lower it into the intertidal zone. Our results point to a brief, few thousand year window of preservation of subsidence events in tidal-wetland stratigraphic sequences, a result that is generally applicable to other emergent coastlines of West Sumatra.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): B11306, doi:10.1029/2011JB008205.
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Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): B11306
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