Calcification by juvenile corals under heterotrophy and elevated CO2 Drenkard, Elizabeth J. Cohen, Anne L. McCorkle, Daniel C. de Putron, Samantha J. Starczak, Victoria R. Zicht, A. E. 2013-10-08T17:55:11Z 2014-10-22T08:57:21Z 2013-12
dc.description Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2012. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Coral Reefs 32 (2013): 727-735, doi:10.1007/s00338-013-1021-5. en_US
dc.description.abstract Ocean acidification (OA) threatens the existence of coral reefs by slowing the rate of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) production of framework-building corals thus reducing the amount of CaCO3 the reef can produce to counteract natural dissolution. Some evidence exists to suggest that elevated levels of dissolved inorganic nutrients can reduce the impact of OA on coral calcification. Here, we investigated the potential for enhanced energetic status of juvenile corals, achieved via heterotrophic feeding, to modulate the negative impact of OA on calcification. Larvae of the common Atlantic golf ball coral, Favia fragum, were collected and reared for 3 weeks under ambient (421 μatm) or significantly elevated (1,311 μatm) CO2 conditions. The metamorphosed, zooxanthellate spat were either fed brine shrimp (i.e., received nutrition from photosynthesis plus heterotrophy) or not fed (i.e., primarily autotrophic). Regardless of CO2 condition, the skeletons of fed corals exhibited accelerated development of septal cycles and were larger than those of unfed corals. At each CO2 level, fed corals accreted more CaCO3 than unfed corals, and fed corals reared under 1,311 μatm CO2 accreted as much CaCO3 as unfed corals reared under ambient CO2. However, feeding did not alter the sensitivity of calcification to increased CO2; Δcalcification/ΔΩ was comparable for fed and unfed corals. Our results suggest that calcification rates of nutritionally replete juvenile corals will decline as OA intensifies over the course of this century. Critically, however, such corals could maintain higher rates of skeletal growth and CaCO3 production under OA than those in nutritionally limited environments. en_US
dc.description.embargo 2014-03-08 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This project was funded by NSF OCE-1041106 and NSF OCE-1041052, a WHOI winter intern fellowship to A. Zicht made possible by the A. V. Davis Foundation and support from the MIT/WHOI Bermuda Biological Station for Research Fund. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Climate change en_US
dc.subject Ocean acidification en_US
dc.subject Coral reefs en_US
dc.subject Coral calcification en_US
dc.subject Heterotrophy en_US
dc.subject Energetics en_US
dc.title Calcification by juvenile corals under heterotrophy and elevated CO2 en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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