Behaviour of the ocean DMS(P) pools in the Sargasso Sea viewed in a coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean model

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Le Clainche, Yvonnick
Levasseur, Maurice
Vezina, Alain
Dacey, John W. H.
Saucier, Francois J.
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Dimethylsulfide (DMS)
NODEM (Northern Oceans DMS Emission Model)
GOTM (General Ocean Turbulence Model)
The dimethylsulfide (DMS) production model NODEM (Northern Oceans DMS Emission Model) was coupled with the water column ocean model GOTM (General Ocean Turbulence Model) that includes a two-equation k&150;ε turbulence scheme. This coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean model represents a significant improvement over the previous uncoupled version of NODEM that was driven by a diagnostic vertical mixing scheme. Using the same set of biogeochemical parameters, the coupled model is used to simulate the annual cycles of 1992 and 1993 at Hydrostation S in the Sargasso Sea. The better reproduction of the turbulent mixing environment corrects some deficiencies in nitrogen cycling, especially in the seasonal evolution of the nutrient concentrations. Hence, the coupled model captures the late-winter chlorophyll- and DMS(P)-rich blooms. It is also more adept at reproducing the vertical distribution of chlorophyll and DMS(P) in summer. Moreover, the DMS pool becomes less dependent on parameters controlling the nitrogen cycle and relatively more sensitive to parameters related to the sulfur cycle. Finally, the coupled model reproduces some of the observed differences in DMS(P) pools between 1992 and 1993, the latter being an independent data set not used in calibrating the initial version of NODEM.
Author Posting. © National Research Council Canada, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of National Research Council Canada for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61 (2004): 788-803, doi:10.1139/F04-027.
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Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61 (2004): 788-803
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